Tibetan National Anthem

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Gyallu

National anthem of Flag of Tibet.svg  Tibet
Lyrics Trijang Rinpoche, 1950
Adopted1950
Audio sample

The national anthem of Tibet (Classical Tibetan : བོད་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ཆེན་པོའི་རྒྱལ་གླུ།), commonly referred to as "Gyallu", is a Tibetan patriotic song which serves as the de facto anthem of the Central Tibetan Administration. [1]

Contents

It is unclear exactly whether it was first used before the Annexation of Tibet by the People's Republic of China in 1951, or after the 14th Dalai Lama went into exile in India in 1960. The earliest report of a state anthem (presumably "Gyallu") is between 1949 and 1950 when Tibet was under invasion. It was introduced under reforms set in place to strengthen patriotism among the Tibetan people. Another report states that the anthem was presented to the 14th Dalai Lama in 1960 in exile. [2]

Like "Qurtulush Yolida", performance of this anthem is strictly prohibited by the People's Republic of China, particularly in the Tibet Autonomous Region. [1]

Tibet's first national anthem was, according to Tashi Tsering, written by a Tibetan scholar during the epoch of the 7th Dalai Lama and under the reign of the Pholanas in between 1745 and 1746.[ citation needed ]

Lyrics

Written by Trijang Rinpoche around 1950, a tutor of the 14th Dalai Lama, the lyrics focus on the radiance of the Gautama Buddha. [2]

The melody is said to be based on a very old piece of Tibetan sacred music, and some of its elements are also found in other Tibetan songs such as that of Mimang Langlu, a song of the 1959 Tibetan uprising. The lyrics are by the Dalai Lama's tutor, Trijang Rinpoche. It has been used by Tibetans in exile ever since the introduction of the state anthem although it is banned in Tibet.

Current lyrics

Standard Tibetan lyrics [2] Tibetan pinyin [lower-alpha 1] IPA transcription [lower-alpha 2] English translation [2]

སྲིད་ཞིའི་ཕན་བདེའི་འདོད་རྒུ་འབྱུང་བའི་གཏེར།
ཐུབ་བསྟན་བསམ་འཕེལ་ནོར་བུའི་འོད་སྣང་འབར།
བསྟན་འགྲོའི་ནོར་འཛིན་རྒྱ་ཆེར་སྐྱོང་བའི་མགོན།
འཕྲིན་ལས་ཀྱི་རོལ་མཚོ་རྒྱས།
རྡོ་རྗེའི་ཁམས་སུ་བརྟན་པས་ཕྱོགས་ཀུན་བྱམས་བརྩེས་སྐྱོང།
གནམ་བསྐོས་དགའ་བ་བརྒྱ་ལྡན་དབུ་འཕང་དགུང་ལ་རེག
ཕུན་ཚོགས་སྡེ་བཞིའི་མངའ་ཐང་རྒྱས།
བོད་ལྗོངས་ཆོལ་ཁ་གསུམ་གྱི་ཁྱོན་ལ་བདེ་སྐྱིད་རྫོགས་ལྡན་གསར་པས་ཁྱབ།
ཆོས་སྲིད་ཀྱི་དཔལ་ཡོན་དར།
ཐུབ་བསྟན་ཕྱོགས་བཅུར་རྒྱས་པས་འཛམ་གླིང་ཡངས་པའི་
སྐྱེ་རྒུ་ཞི་བདེའི་དཔལ་ལ་སྦྱོར།
བོད་ལྗོངས་བསྟན་འགྲོའི་དགེ་མཚན་ཉི་འོད་ཀྱིས།
བཀྲ་ཤིས་འོད་སྣང་འབུམ་དུ་འཕྲོ་བའི་གཟིས།
ནག་ཕྱོགས་མུན་པའི་གཡུལ་ལས་རྒྱལ་གྱུར་ཅིག།

Sixii pändei dögu jungwai der,
Tudän sampel norpui önang bar.
Dänzhoi norzin gyaqer gyongwai gön,
Chinlä gyi rolco gyä,
Dorjei kamsu dänbä, qogün qamze gyong,
Namgö gawa gyadän, wu-pang gungla re
Pünco dexii nga-tang gyä
Pöjong qölka, sumkyi kyönla
Degyi zodän sarbä kya.
Qösigyi bälyon tar tudän qo jur gyäbä
Zamling yangbai gyegu xidei bälla jor.
Pöjong dänzhoi gecän nyi-ö-gyi
Zhaxi önang bumtu chowai si,
Na qo münbai yül lä, gyäl kyur ji.

[siʔ˥.ʑiː˩ pʰɛ̃˥.deː˩ ⁿdøʔ˩.ɡu˩ ᶮd͡ʑuŋ˩.wɛː˩ teɾ˥ ǀ]
[tʰu(p̚)˥.tɛ̃˥ sam˥.pʰel˥ noɾ˩.pʰyː˩ ʔ̞øʔ˩.naŋ˥ ᵐbaɾ˩ ǁ]
[tɛ̃˥.ᶯʈ͡ʂøː˩ noɾ˩.ⁿt͡sĩː˩ ɟa˩.t͡ɕʰeɾ˥ coŋ˥.wɛː˩ ᵑɡø̃˩ ǀ]
[ʈ͡ʂʰĩ˥.lɛʔ˩ ci˥ ǀ ɾʲoɫ˩.t͡sʰo˥ cɛʔ˩ ǀ]
[doɾ˩.d͡ʑeː˩ kʰam˥.su˥ tɛm˥.pɛʔ˥ ǀ t͡ɕʰoʔ˥.kỹ˥ t͡ɕʰam˩.t͡seʔ˥ ɟoŋ˥ ǀ]
[nam˥.køʔ˥ ɡaʔ˩.wa˩ ɟa˩.ⁿdɛ̃˩ ǀ (w)uʔ˩.pʰaŋ˥ ɡuŋ˩.la˩ ɾeʔ˩ ǀ]
[pʰỹ˥.t͡soʔ˥ de˩.ʑiː˩ ŋa˥.tʰaŋ˥ ɟɛʔ˩ ǀ]
[pʰøʔ.ᶮd͡ʑoŋ˩ t͡ɕʰøl˥.kʰa˥ sum˥.cʰi˩ cʰø̃˥.la˩ ǀ]
[de˩.ɟiʔ˥ d͡zoʔ˩.dɛ̃˩ saɾ˥.pɛʔ˥ cʰa(p̚)˥ ǁ]
[t͡ɕʰøʔ˥.siʔ˥.ci˥ pɛl˥.jõ˩ tʰaɾ˩ ǀ tʰu(p̚)˥.tɛ̃˥ t͡ɕʰoʔ˥.t͡ɕuɾ˥ ɟɛ˩.pɛ˥]
[d͡zam˩.liŋ˥ jaŋ˩.pɛː˥ ce˥.gu˩ ʑi˩.deː˩ pɛl˥.la˩ d͡ʑoɾ˩ ǁ]
[pʰøʔ.ᶮd͡ʑoŋ˩ tɛ̃˥.ᶯʈ͡ʂøː˩ ɡe˩.t͡sʰɛ̃˥ ɲi˩.ʔ̞øʔ˩.ci˥ ǀ]
[ʈ͡ʂa˥.ɕi˥ ʔ̞øʔ˩.naŋ˥ ᵐbum˩.tʰu˩ ʈ͡ʂʰo˥.wɛː˩ ziʔ˩ ǀ]
[naʔ˩.t͡ɕʰoʔ˥ mỹ˩.pɛː˥ jyl˥ lɛʔ˩ ǀ ɟɛl˩.cʰuɾ˩ t͡ɕiʔ˥ ǁ]

The source of temporal and spiritual wealth of joy and boundless benefits
The Wish-fulfilling Jewel of the Buddha’s Teaching, blazes forth radiant light
The all-protecting Patron of the Doctrine and of all sentient beings
By his actions stretches forth his influence like an ocean
By his eternal Vajra-nature
His compassion and loving care extend to beings everywhere
May the celestially appointed Government of Gawa Gyaden achieve the heights of glory
And increase its fourfold influence and prosperity
May a golden age of joy and happiness spread once more through these regions of Tibet
And may its temporal and spiritual splendour shine again
May the Buddha’s Teaching spread in all the ten directions and lead all beings in the universe to glorious peace
May the spiritual Sun of the Tibetan faith and People
Emitting countless rays of auspicious light
Victoriously dispel the strife of darkness

Original version

The first Tibetan national anthem was created in the 18th century. According to eminent Tibetan scholar Tashi Tsering, it was composed by Pholanas around 1745, at the time of the 7th Dalai Lama. Sir Charles Bell described it as Tibet's "national hymn". [3]

Tibetan originalRomanization of TibetanEnglish translation

གངས་རིས་སྐོར་བའི་ཞིང་ཁམས་འདི།
ཕན་ཐང་བདེ་བ་མ་ལུས་འབྱུང་བའི་གནས་།
སྤྱན་རས་གཟིགས་བ་བསྟན་འཛིན་རྒྱ་མཚོ་ཡིན།
ཞབས་པད་སྲིད་མཐའི་བར་དུ་བརྟན་གྱུར་ཅིག་།།

Ghang ri ra kor we shingkham di
Phen thang dewa ma loe jungwae ne
Chenrezig wa Tenzin gyatso yin
Shelpal se thae bhardu ten gyur chig.

Circled by ramparts of snow-mountains,
This sacred realm, this wellspring of all benefits and happiness.
Tenzin Gyatso, the enlighted existence of compassion,
May his reign endure till the end of all existence.

Notes

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References

  1. 1 2 "Oops: China State Media Website Plays Banned Tibetan National Anthem". VOA . 6 November 2013.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Tibet - nationalanthems.info
  3. Freedom Wind, Freedom Song About the origins of Tibet anthems, by Jamyang Norbu.