Last updated
Chief Tibiriçá
Occupationparamount chief of Piratininga (modern São Paulo)
Children Bartira and others

Chief Tibiriçá (died 1562) baptized as Martim Afonso was an Amerindian leader who converted to Christianity under the auspices of José de Anchieta. [1] He led the Tupiniquim people of Piratininga and other tribes. [2] His daughter, Bartira, took the name Isabel and married a Portuguese man named João Ramalho. [3] After his conversion to Christianity he became a strategic ally and protector of the Jesuits and the Portuguese; his name appears on letters to Saint Ignatius of Loyola and King João III of Portugal. Tibiriçá chose to side with the Jesuits and against his own brother Piquerobi with help of his nephew and his son-in-law João Ramalho. His granddaughters and their descendants married Portuguese noblemen that led the colonization of São Paulo under Martim Afonso de Sousa, including Jorge Ferreira, Domingos Luiz (a knight of the Order of Christ), and Tristão de Oliveira, son of capitão-mor Antonio de Oliveira and Genebra Leitão de Vasconcelos, both of important noble families.

Tibiriçá has left many descendants in Brazil and elsewhere, via his daughters, who had offspring with Portuguese settlers. Amador Bueno and his descendants, for example.

Related Research Articles

Afonso II of Portugal King of Portugal

Afonso II, or Affonso, Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus, nicknamed the Fat, King of Portugal, was born in Coimbra on 23 April 1185 and died on 25 March 1223 in the same city. He was the second but eldest surviving son of Sancho I of Portugal by his wife, Dulce, Infanta of Aragon. Afonso succeeded his father on 27 March 1211.

Sancho I of Portugal King of Portugal

Sancho I, nicknamed "the Populator", King of Portugal was the second but only surviving legitimate son and fifth child of Afonso I of Portugal by his wife, Maud of Savoy. Sancho succeeded his father and was crowned in Coimbra when he was 31 years old on 9 December 1185. He used the title King of Silves from 1189 until he lost the territory to Almohad control in 1191.

House of Braganza Portuguese dynasty

The Most Serene House of Braganza, also known as the Brigantine Dynasty, is a dynasty of emperors, kings, princes, and dukes of Portuguese origin which reigned in Europe and the Americas.

Martim Afonso de Sousa

Martim Afonso de Sousa was a Portuguese fidalgo, explorer and colonial administrator.

João Gonçalves Zarco Portuguese explorer

João Gonçalves Zarco was a Portuguese explorer who established settlements and recognition of the Madeira Islands, and was appointed first captain of Funchal by Henry the Navigator.

Brazilian imperial family Branch of the House of Braganza that ruled the Empire of Brazil

The former Brazilian Imperial Family is a branch of the Portuguese Royal House of Braganza that ruled the Empire of Brazil from 1822 to 1889, after the proclamation of independence by Prince Pedro of Braganza who was later acclaimed as Pedro I, Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender of Brazil. The members of the family are dynastic descendants of Emperor Pedro I. Claimants to headship of the post-monarchic Brazilian Imperial legacy descend from Emperor Pedro II, including the senior agnates of two branches of the House of Orléans-Braganza; the so-called Petrópolis and Vassouras lines. Prince Pedro Carlos of Orléans-Braganza heads the Petrópolis line, while the Vassouras branch is led by his second cousin, Prince Luiz of Orléans-Braganza.

Zé Ramalho

Zé Ramalho is a Brazilian composer and performer. Zé Ramalho has collaborated with various major Brazilian musicians, including Vanusa, Geraldo Azevedo and Alceu Valença to name a few. Zé Ramalho is also the first cousin of Elba Ramalho, a well known Brazilian composer and performer.

Leonor Teles Queen consort of Portugal

Leonor Teles was queen consort of Portugal by marriage to King Ferdinand I, and one of the protagonists, along with her brothers and her daughter Beatrice, of the events that led to the succession crisis of 1383–1385, which culminated in the defeat of her son-in-law King John I of Castile and his armies in the Battle of Aljubarrota. Called "the Treacherous" by her subjects, who execrated her on account of her adultery and treason to her native country, she was dubbed by the historian Alexandre Herculano as "the Portuguese Lucrezia Borgia".

Count of Barcelos

Count of Barcelos is a title of nobility, the first to be granted in Portugal. It was created in 1298 by king Denis I and initially it was a non hereditary title, although most of the holders belonged to the Teles de Menezes family. It was only after the death of the 6th Count, when it was granted to Nuno Álvares Pereira, that the title became hereditary. The 8th Count of Barcelos was created Duke of Braganza in 1442, by his nephew king Afonso V, and his descendants rose to the Portuguese throne after the country regained its independence from Spain in 1640.

António de Ataíde

Dom António de Ataíde, 1st count of Castanheira, was a childhood friend and favorite of King John III of Portugal. He served as a diplomat in missions to several European countries, was a Minister of the King and played a key role in Portugal's policies towards its colony of Brazil.

Martim Afonso Telo de Meneses, was a Portuguese nobleman, member of the Téllez de Meneses lineage, and the father of Leonor Teles, queen consort of Portugal.

Luis de Alpoim

Luís de Alpoim was a medieval Knight, ambassador to England, France and the Holy Roman Empire.

Martim Afonso Chichorro

Martim Afonso Chichorro (1250–1313) was a Portuguese nobleman, who served in the Court of Denis of Portugal.

Martim Afonso Chichorro II or Martin Alfonso de Sousa (1280-?) was a Portuguese nobleman, who served in the Court of Denis of Portugal.

João Fernandes de Andrade Portuguese nobleman

João Fernandes de Andrade (1470s–1527) was a Portuguese nobleman, who served in the Court of Afonso V and John II of Portugal.

João de Melo (1405-1486) was a Portuguese nobleman, alcaide-mor of Serpa, and copeiro-mor of Afonso V of Portugal.

João Lourenço da Cunha was a Portuguese nobleman, 2nd Lord of Pombeiro.

Fernão Brandão Sanches (?-?) was a Portuguese nobleman, Comendador of Afife and Cabanas. He participated in the Portuguese campaigns in North Africa against the Moors.


Quatrocentão is a term used to designate members of elite families descendant from the early settlers and explorers of São Paulo. This term was first used in the early 20th century, in the past they were referred to as primeiros povoadores or nobreza da terra. These families had occupied important positions as governors, military commanders, aldermen and explorers of early colonial South America. They received large land grants from the Portuguese Crown and originated mostly in Portugal and Spain, but some in Flanders and other places in Europe. A portion of the original settlers were noblemen of the Royal House of Portugal. Under the rule of the Habsburgs and the Iberian Union, they were joined by Spanish families, some also of noble origin. The earliest of these settlers married descendants of the Amerindian Chief of Piratininga, Martim Afonso Tibiriçá, and after intermarried frequently among the families in the Genealogia Paulistana, forming an endogamous group. They were first listed in a genealogical study in the 1700s by Pedro Taques de Almeida Paes Leme and last listed in the classical genealogical work Genealogia Paulistana, published in 1905.

Bartira (1497-1580) was the daughter of Tibiriçá, Chief of the Tupiniquim people of Piratininga and other tribes.