Tibirke

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Tibirke Bakker Tibirke Bakker 5.JPG
Tibirke Bakker

Tibirke is a locality in Gribskov Municipality located between Tisvilde and Tisvildeleje to the north, Tisvilde Hegn to the west and Arresø to the south, approximately 60 kilometres north of Copenhagen, Denmark. It includes the protected area Tibirke Bakker (hills), Tibirke Lunde (grove), Tibirke Sand (sand) and the village Tibirke.

Gribskov Municipality Municipality in Region Hovedstaden, Denmark

Gribskov Kommune is a municipality in Region Hovedstaden. The municipality covers an area of 278 km², and has a total population of 40,850.

Tisvilde human settlement

Tisvilde is a small town with a population of 1,537 located on the north coast of the island Zealand (Sjælland) in Denmark 60 km (37 mi) in Gribskov Municipality, northeast of Hillerød.

Tisvildeleje

Tisvildeleje is the village and coastal part of the area known as Tisvilde located in on the north coast of the island Zealand (Sjælland) in Denmark 60 km/40miles north of Copenhagen in the municipal of Helsinge.

Contents

Location

Tibirke Sand has an area of two square kilometres. It is bounded by Frederiksværksvej and Tisvilde Hegn to the north, Arresø to the east and south and by the municipal border with Halsnæs Municipality to the west. [1]

Halsnæs Municipality Municipality in Region Hovedstaden, Denmark

Halsnæs Kommune is a municipality in Region Hovedstaden. The municipality covers an area of 122.15 km² (2013), according to Municipal Key Figures, and has a total population of 30,644. Its name comes from Halsnæs, the peninsula that forms the western part of the municipality.

History

Ancient history

Remains of two ancient roads at Tibirke Ellemose show evidence of early human activity in the area. One is from 2,800 BC, making it Denmark's oldest known road construction. The other, which consists of a series a step stones and a cobbled section of road, dates from the pre-Roman Iron Age. [2]

13th to 19th century

The first references to the name Tibirke are from 120814. The name comes from ti, meaning god, and birki birch grove. The village of Tibirke was covered in sand and abandoned when the area was hit by sand drift in the 16th century. The farmers moved to Tisvilde. In 1717, Tibirke Church was almost completely covered by sand and it was under consideration to tear it down and ship the building materials off to Greenland. However, king Frederick IV ultimately decided to combat the sand and the church was instead excavated. [3]

Greenland autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark

Greenland is an autonomous constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic and Atlantic oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Though physiographically a part of the continent of North America, Greenland has been politically and culturally associated with Europe for more than a millennium. The majority of its residents are Inuit, whose ancestors began migrating from the Canadian mainland in the 13th century, gradually settling across the island.

Frederick IV of Denmark King of Denmark and Norway

Frederick IV was the king of Denmark and Norway from 1699 until his death. Frederick was the son of King Christian V of Denmark-Norway and his consort Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel.

20th century

In the beginning the 1900s, a mixture of artists, writers and wealthy citizens built the first houses in Tibirke Hills. The architect and archaeologist Ejnar Dyggve created a master plan for the area in 1916 and he also designed a number of summer houses that was built in the hills over the following years. [4] Many other leading architects of the time also designed summer houses in the area, including Mogens Clemmensen, Mogens Lassen, Ivar Bentsen and Vilhelm Lauritzen. Among the residents were the writer Johannes V. Jensen. In 1928, mockingly, Poul Henningsen referred to Tibirke Bakker as "Snob Hills". [5] Tibirke Lunde saw a similar development.

Mogens Lassen Danish architect and designer

Mogens Lassen was a Modernist Danish architect and designer, working within the idiom of the International Style. He mainly designed residential buildings, both in the form of single-family houses and apartment blocks. He was the brother of Flemming Lassen, also an architect.

Vilhelm Lauritzen was a leading Danish modern architect, founder of the still active architectural firm Vilhelm Lauritzen Arkitekter.

Johannes V. Jensen Danish author

Johannes Vilhelm Jensen was a Danish author, often considered the first great Danish writer of the 20th century. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1944 "for the rare strength and fertility of his poetic imagination with which is combined an intellectual curiosity of wide scope and a bold, freshly creative style". One of his sisters, Thit Jensen, was also a well-known writer and a very vocal, and occasionally controversial, early feminist.

Literature

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.

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References

  1. "Tibirke Sand - et naturparadis" (in Danish). Sommerhuset Arresøbo. Retrieved 2014-09-11.
  2. "Tibirke oldtidsveje" (in Danish). Tibirke Oldtidsveje. Retrieved 2014-08-11.
  3. "Seværdigheder I Tisvilde Hegn" (in Danish). Naturstyrelsen. Retrieved 2014-08-11.
  4. "Ejnar Dyggve" (in Danish). Gldendal. Retrieved 2014-09-11.
  5. "Danmarks smukkeste sommerhusområde" (in Danish). Berlingske. Retrieved 2014-09-11.
  6. "Huse i Tibirke Bakker" (in Danish). Bogpriser.dk. Retrieved 2014-09-11.

Coordinates: 56°02′30″N12°06′24″E / 56.0417°N 12.1067°E / 56.0417; 12.1067