New South Wales
|Population||134 (2016 census)|
|Elevation||183 m (600 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Unincorporated Far West Region|
Tibooburra (pronounced // or // ) is a town in the far northwest of New South Wales, Australia, located 1,187 kilometres (738 mi) from the state capital, Sydney. It is most frequently visited by tourists on their way to Sturt National Park or on the way to or from Innamincka in South Australia and Birdsville in Queensland. At the 2016 census, Tibooburra had a population of 134. Although facilities in Tibooburra are quite limited, fuel, meals, and a range of accommodation options are available. All significant support services (medical, dental, hospital, retail, mechanical, commercial) are based in Broken Hill.
New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service have a tourist information centre in the township. There is also a police station. There is an airstrip about 6 km east of the village. The road from Broken Hill was finally completely sealed in 2020 and officially opened in July 2020.
Tibooburra is in the traditional lands of the Karenggapa Aboriginal peoples.
Explorer Charles Sturt was one of the first Europeans to visit the area in 1844. He spent six months trapped by drought at Depot Glen, south of Tibooburra. He then tried to travel north west and was defeated by the desert. Burke and Wills also went through the area in 1861 on the journey north towards the Gulf of Carpentaria. It was the search for Burke and Wills that led to the opening up of the country for the pastoral industry.
Following a gold rush to the Albert Goldfields (centred at nearby Milparinka), gold was found around Tibooburra in 1880. At first the area was called The Granites.When in 1881 the goldfields warden W.H.J. Slee (resident at Milparinka) had a town laid out he named it Tibooburra. Although he named the streets after European explorers, he preferred the Aboriginal name for the locality for the town. Slee had his observations on Aboriginal customs in the Tibooburra region published by the Linnean Society of NSW. The town's name could be derived from an Aboriginal word for heap of boulders. There was drought in 1884. In 1887 Slee reported that there were 19 gold puddling machines at work, with a population at and about Tibooburra of 250. It was said that gold was found exposed in the streets after heavy rain.
By the turn of the 20th Century (1900) the gold mining activity had waned, to be replaced by the pastoral industry. Sheep stations, necessarily large in area due to the aridity, were the mainstay of Tibooburra until the 1980s, providing most of the social and commercial activity. For over a century the township had remained remote because of rough unsealed roads, but with the popularity of 4WD driving, and ever increased bitumen roads, it became within comfortable reach of the tourism industry.
In more recent times musicians and artists, in particular Clifton Pugh, became fascinated with this remote outback region. Pugh often stayed at the Family Hotel (opened 1882) where he painted a number of murals, drawings, and sketches on an inside wall of the hotel.
Apart from the arid landscape, the main natural tourist attraction is the remarkable granite rock outcrops which erupt immediately beside (and even among) the town streets. Historic buildings, harking back to the pioneering era, are found about the town. Nearby is Sturt National Park, which incorporates Cameron Corner, where the borders of three States meet; Queensland, South Australia and New South Wales. The dog fence along the borders is also an important tourist attraction. Although there is a "settlement" at Cameron Corner, services there are even more limited.
The Family Hotel (as mentioned above) and the more substantial Tibooburra Hotel (the Two Storey Hotel) both attract tourists for a drink or two. There is also a drive-in theatre in the main street.
The Mount Wood Station is a heritage-listed former cattle station in the Sturt National Park.
Tibooburra Outback School of the Air is the town's education provider, servicing both the local residents and the children of property owners in the area. It was established as a Distance Education Centre in 1991 by Tony Bush after being approved for the project in 1990. Prior to that students attended in town, and students on properties were educated through central schools further afield in towns such as Broken Hill. The school itself was established in 1886. No high school facilities exist in the town, children travel 365 km to the nearest high school, do home schooling, or attend boarding schools.
Once a term students from the external properties attend a 'mini-school' at the school. Mini-schools typically have themes (such as pirates or the circus) and consist of a range of fun and educational activities. Out of town families also receive two home visits a year, in which a teacher (or teachers) and students visit and spend the day on the property.
In 2004 the school switched from radio based education to the Satellite Education Program.
Tibooburra has a hot desert climate (BWh) with temperatures regularly reaching above 40 °C (104 °F) in summer. Temperatures are milder in winter, averaging around 19 °C (66 °F) in the daytime but frosts are common during night-time. Rainfall is scant throughout the year, apart from the occasional thunderstorm, though in March 1949 and January 1974 the town received around 390 millimetres (15 in) or nearly twice its average annual rainfall. In its driest year of 1919, only 47.9 millimetres (1.89 in) fell.
|Climate data for Tibooburra|
|Record high °C (°F)||47.9|
|Average high °C (°F)||36.2|
|Average low °C (°F)||22.1|
|Record low °C (°F)||5.6|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||28.0|
The Sturt National Park is a protected national park that is located in the arid far north-western corner of New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The 325,329-hectare (803,910-acre) national park is situated approximately 1,060 kilometres (660 mi) northwest of Sydney and the nearest town is Tibooburra, 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) away.
The Silver City Highway is a 683-kilometre-long (424 mi) highway that links Buronga, New South Wales to the Queensland border via Wentworth, Broken Hill, and Tibooburra, in the arid Far West region of New South Wales. A short branch also connects to the Calder Highway on the Victorian border at Curlwaa. This branch is also signed as the Calder Highway, despite legally being part of the Silver City Highway. Parts of the highway north of Tibooburra are unsealed. The namesake of the highway is derived from the moniker for Broken Hill–the "Silver City", which the highway travels through.
Molong is a small town in the Central West region of New South Wales, Australia, in Cabonne Shire.
Bourke is a town in the north-west of New South Wales, Australia. The administrative centre and largest town in Bourke Shire, Bourke is approximately 800 kilometres (500 mi) north-west of the state capital, Sydney, on the south bank of the Darling River.
Milparinka is a small settlement in north-west New South Wales, Australia, about 250 kilometres (155 mi) north of Broken Hill on the Silver City Highway. At the time of the 2016 census, Milparinka had a population of 77 people. Milparinka is on Evelyn Creek.
William Henry John Slee, FGS (1836–1907), was an Australian geologist, mines inspector, and mining warden.
The Albert Goldfield is an area of 1300 square kilometres in the outback of New South Wales where gold was discovered in 1880.
Pinaroo is a remote civil parish of Poole County in far north west New South Wales, located at 29°08′04″S 141°06′55″E.
King Parish, New South Wales is a remote rural locality and civil parish of Evelyn County in far northwest New South Wales, Australia.
Nantomoko is a remote civil parish of Poole County in far North West New South Wales. located at 29°21′43″S 141°08′05″E.
Sturt Parish is a remote civil parish of Poole County in far North West New South Wales, located at.
Evelyn Creek is a tree lined creek in northwestern New South Wales that flows through Milparinka. The creek begins in a series of gullies south west of Tibooburra and flows generally south to Cobham Lake.
Utah Parish, New South Wales is a remote rural locality and civil parish of Evelyn County in far northwest New South Wales. located at 30°04′48″S 142°03′23″E.
Scott, New South Wales is a remote rural locality and civil parish of Evelyn County in far northwest New South Wales. located at 29°38′31″S 142°01′00″E.
Mount Blackwood, New South Wales located at 29°48′37″S 141°31′10″E, is a remote rural locality and civil parish of Evelyn County in far northwest New South Wales. located at 30°04′42″S 142°45′50″E, east of the Silver City Highway . The geography of the parish is mostly the flat, arid landscape of the Channel Country. The parish has a Köppen climate classification of BWh.
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Mount Wood, New South Wales is a remote civil parish of Tongowoko County, New South Wales near Milparinka, New South Wales.
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The Albert Goldfield Ruins is a heritage-listed former gold mining area on the Silver City Highway, Milparinka about 25 km south of Tibooburra, New South Wales, Australia. Surviving remnants of the larger Albert Goldfield, they were built from 1880. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.
Narriearra Caryapundy Swamp National Park is a National Park in Northwest New South Wales. In June 2020 the Government of New South Wales acquired 153,415 ha, or 1,534 km2 (592 sq mi) of private land for a new national park, when it purchased Narriearra station in the state’s far north-west. The area includes “ephemeral wetlands and landscapes” that had not previously been included in the state’s conservation areas. Together with the nearby Sturt National Park, there would be a nearly contiguous conservation area of about 500,000 ha, which is twice the size of the Australian Capital Territory. The new property lies next to the Pindera Downs Aboriginal area, which is rich in cultural artefacts of Aboriginal Australians. It is the largest ever purchase of private land for conservation in the state. The Dingo Fence on the border with Queensland forms the northern boundary of the property. The Dingo Fence on the border with Queensland forms the northern boundary of the property.
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