Tibor Živković (Serbian Cyrillic : Тибор Живковић; 11 March 1966 – 26 March 2013) was a Serbian historian and Byzantinist who specialised in the period of the Early Middle Ages.
Živković was born in Mostar, and studied history at the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Belgrade, graduating in 1990 from the Department of Antiquity. He earned his MA in 1996 with the thesis Slavizacija na teritoriju Srbije VII-XI stoljeća (Slavicization on the Territory of Serbia in the 7th–11th Centuries), and his PhD in 2000 with the dissertation Slavs under Byzantine Rule from the 7th to 11th Centuries (until 1025).During his doctoral studies, from 1997 to 1999, he was the recipient of a scholarship from the Government of Greece; he conducted postdoctoral research at the Institute for Byzantine Research of the National Hellenic Research Foundation on a fellowship from the Ministry of Science and Technological Development of Serbia.
As of 1997, he worked at the Institute of History of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SANU),where he was the director from 2002 to 2010, as well as editor in chief of the Drafting Committee for its editions.
He was a team leader in archaeological excavations along the Ibar River between 2003 and 2009, and taught general medieval studies in the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Banja Luka.
Živković published extensively. His field of research encompassed the early medieval history of the South Slavs on the territories of Serbia, Bosnia, Croatia, Bulgaria, and Greece. : Gesta regum Sclavorum), an early history of the Western South Slav territories and their rulers.He focused on the history of the Serbs during this period, but he also provided new insights on De Administrando Imperio , the work of the Byzantine emperor Constantine VII. His main theory was that the chapters devoted to Croats and Serbs were largely based on a lost source written by Anastasius Bibliothecarius in the late 9th century, hypothetically called De conversione Croatorum et Serborum. Živković also worked on the Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja (Latin
The House of Vlastimirović was the first Serbian royal dynasty, named after Prince Vlastimir, who was recognized by the Byzantine Empire. The dynasty was established with the Unknown Archon, who ruled during the reign of Emperor Heraclius (610–641). The Vlastimirović dynasty ruled in Serbia until the 940s/960s, when some of the Serbian lands were annexed by the Byzantine Empire.
Časlav was Prince of the Serbs from c. 933 until his death in c. 943/960.
The term Unknown Archon,Unknown Prince, or Unnamed Serbian Archon refers to a prince of the Sorbs of the first half of the 7th century who supposedly led his people from their original homeland in White Serbia to settle in the Balkans during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Heraclius (610–641), as mentioned in Emperor Constantine VII's work De Administrando Imperio. The work does not record his name, but states that he was the progenitor of the first Serbian dynasty, and that he died before the arrival of the Bulgars on the Balkans (680), succeeded by his son, and then grandson.
The History of the Serbs spans from the Early Middle Ages to present. Serbs, a South Slavic people, traditionally live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and North Macedonia. A Serbian diaspora dispersed people of Serb descent to Western Europe, North America and Australia.
Kočapar was the knez or župan of Duklja, a Serbian state, briefly in 1102–03 under the suzerainty of Vukan, Grand Prince of Serbia. He was the son of Branislav, the Prince of Duklja. Following Bodin's death in 1101, Bodin's half-brother Dobroslav II succeeded him as king of Doclea. Kočopar, Bodin's first cousin once removed, travelled from Dyrrhachium to Serbia, forging an alliance with Vukan. This alliance would prove worthy in their successful invasion of Duklja in 1102. The battle that ensued at the Morača led to the overthrow of Dobroslav II and the coronation of Kočapar to the throne. Dobroslav was subsequently banished to Serbia and a large part of Dalmatia was pillaged in the process. Vukan gave Kočapar Duklja as a fief. The two would soon brake, with Vukan, sending a squad to Doclea (city), forcing Kočapar to flee to Bosnia and then Zahumlje where he also died.
Vladimir II was King of Duklja from 1103 to 1113. He was a son of prince Vladimir, the oldest son of King Mihailo I of Duklja, and thus a nephew of King Constantine Bodin. He married a daughter of Vukan, the Grand Prince of Serbia, thereby ending rivalries between the two polities. Vladimir had been appointed the rule of Duklja by his father-in-law Vukan, after the death of his uncle, former King Kočopar, in Zahumlje. He was poisoned in 1118 on the orders of Queen-Dowager Jaquinta, the widow of his uncle, Constantine Bodin. Jaquinta soon appointed her son, George, to the throne.
Grubeša Branislavljević was a medieval king and the ruler of Duklja from 1118 to 1125. After the Byzantine Empire defeated King George I of Duklja in 1118, Grubeša assumed the throne as a Byzantine protégé. The Byzantines entitled Grubeša the rule in Duklja, as well as providing him with an army that he would command against George, who was backed by the Grand Principality of Serbia under the rule of the Vukanović dynasty. Grubeša reigned until his death in 1125, when he was defeated by George. He is buried at the Church of Saint George in Bar.
Gradinja or Gradihna was the ruler of Duklja, from either 1131 to 1142 or 1135 to 1146. Gradinja is one of many persons mentioned only in the Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja (CPD), not found in Byzantine sources as the other Serbian rulers and royalty. Gradinja was the son of Dukljan prince Branislav, and the brother of Grubeša, the former ruler.
Mutimir was prince of the first Serbian Principality from ca. 850 until 891. He defeated the Bulgar army, and allied himself with the Byzantine emperor, and the Church in Serbia with the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople.
Pomorje, also known as the Lands of Pomorje, is a medieval term, used in Byzantine title, and at end of the 12th century, during the reign of Stefan Nemanja (1166–1196), inherited by Serbian monarchs, thus becoming part of the Serbian title, whose rulers were styled with the title: "crowned king and autocrat of all Serbian and coastal lands".
Prosigoj was a Serbian ruler believed to have ruled prior to c. 830. Serbia was a Slavic principality subject to the Byzantine Empire, located in the western Balkans, bordering with Bulgaria in the east. Mentioned in the De Administrando Imperio (DAI) from the mid-10th century, he succeeded his father Radoslav and was succeeded by his son Vlastimir.
Pribislav was Prince of the Serbs for a year, in 891–892, before being deposed by his cousin Petar. He was the eldest son of Mutimir of the Vlastimirović dynasty, who ruled during the expanding and Christianization of Serbia.
Radoslav was a Serbian Prince who ruled over the early medieval Principality of Serbia at the beginning of the 9th century. He succeeded his father, prince Višeslav, who ruled at the end of the 8th century. Radoslav was succeeded by his son, prince Prosigoj.
Pavle Branovic was the Prince of the Serbs from 917 to 921. He was put on the throne by the Bulgarian Tsar Symeon I of Bulgaria, who had imprisoned the previous prince, Petar after he had become a Byzantine ally. Pavle ruled for four years, before being defeated by Zaharija Pribislavljević, his cousin. Pavle was the son of Bran, the middle son of Mutimir of the Vlastimirović dynasty.
Zaharija Pribislavljević or Zaharija of Serbia was Prince of the Serbs from 922 to 924. He defeated his cousin Pavle in 922. Zaharija was the son of Pribislav, the eldest son of Mutimir of the first Serbian dynasty.
Eparchy of Raška and Prizren is one of the oldest eparchies of the Serbian Orthodox Church, featuring the seat of the Serbian Orthodox Church, the Serbian Patriarchal Monastery of Peć, as well as Serbian Orthodox Monastery of Visoki Dečani, which together are part of the UNESCO World Heritage sites of Serbia. More than 100 of the Eparchy's churches and monasteries were targeted for vandalism and destruction by Albanian nationalists after the Kosovo War and during the 2004 unrest in Kosovo.
The Catepanate of Ras was a province (catepanate) of the Byzantine Empire, established around 971 in central regions of early medieval Serbia, during the rule of Byzantine Emperor John Tzimiskes (969–976). The catepanate was named after the fortified town of Ras, eponymous for the historical region of Raška. The province was short-lived, and collapsed soon after 976, following the Byzantine retreat from the region after the restoration of the Bulgarian Empire.
Tihomir of Raška was a Serbian nobleman, mentioned in the Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja, who served as the Grand Prince of Raška, from around 960 to 969. Raška is anachronistic reference to the Principality of Serbia.
Eparchy of Lipljan, later known as the Eparchy of Gračanica or the Eparchy of Novo Brdo is one of the former historical Eastern Orthodox eparchies of Serbian Orthodox located in the central parts of Kosovo region.. It is now part of Eparchy of Raška and Prizren. In older research, it was mistakenly identified as the bishopric of Ulpiana.