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Tibor Živković (Serbian Cyrillic : Тибор Живковић; 11 March 1966 – 26 March 2013) was a Serbian academic, historian and writer who specialised in the period of the early Middle Ages.
Živković was born in Mostar, and history studied at the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Belgrade between 1985–90, when he graduated at the Department of Antiquity. He received his MA in 1996 with a thesis slavizacija na teritoriju Srbije VII-XI stoljeća (Slavicization on the territory of Serbia 7th–11th centuries). He received his PhD in 2000 with a dissertation Slavs under Byzantine rule from the 7th to 11th Centuries (until 1025).
As of 1997, he worked at The Institute of History of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SANU),and was the director of the Historical Institute from 2002–10, as well as editor in chief of the Drafting Committee editions of the Historical Institute.
During the doctoral studies he was a scholar of the Greek government (1997–1999). As a scholar of the Ministry of Science and Technological Development of Serbia stayed at the postdoctoral studies at the Center for Byzantine Research (Institute for Byzantine Research, National Hellenic Research Foundation).[ citation needed ]
He participated as a team leader in archaeological excavations along the Ibar river between 2003 and 2009. He taught general Middle Ages at the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Banja Luka.[ citation needed ]
His field of historical research involved complex issues related to the Early Middle Age history of South Slavs, and the territory of Serbia, Croatia, Bulgaria, and Greece. Emphasis in his research was on the history of Serbs in the early Middle Ages. He also researched and gave new insights on the Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja (Gesta Regum Sclavorum), the early ecclesiastical history of the Serbian territory, and the early Serbian rulers. He published many scientific papers and books.
The Principality of Serbia was one of the early medieval states of the Serbs, located in western regions of Southeastern Europe. It existed from the 8th century up to c. 969-971 and was ruled by the Vlastimirović dynasty. Its first ruler known by name was Višeslav who started ruling around 780. While by that time, starting from the year 680-681, the Bulgarian state had taken the lands to the east. Vlastimir defeated the Bulgarian army in a three-year-war (839–842), and the two powers lived in peace for some decades. Vlastimir's three sons succeeded in ruling Serbia together, although not for long; Serbia became a key part in the power struggle between the Byzantines and Bulgarians, predominantly allied with the Byzantines, which also resulted in major dynastic wars for a period of three decades. Central parts of the principality were shortly occupied by the Bulgarian army for three years (924–927), until Serbian prince Časlav was established as ruler of the Serbian land, unite several Serbian regions, becoming the most powerful ruler of the Vlastimirović dynasty. An important process during this period was the Christianization of the Serbs, the establishment of Christianity as state-religion c. 869, and the founding of the first Serbian eparchy (diocese), the Eparchy of Ras. The principality was annexed by the Byzantines in c. 969-971 and ruled as the Catepanate of Ras. The main information of the history of the principality and Vlastimirović dynasty are recorded in the contemporary historical work De Administrando Imperio.
The Serbian Orthodox Church is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Christian churches. It is the second-oldest Slavic Orthodox Church in the world.
The Chronicle of the Priest of Dioclea or Duklja is the usual name given to a purportedly medieval chronicle written in the late 13th century by an anonymous priest from Duklja. Its oldest preserved copy is in Latin from the 17th century, while it has been variously claimed by modern historians to have been compiled between the late 12th and early 15th century.
The Vlastimirović was the first Serbian royal dynasty, named after Prince Vlastimir, who was recognized by the Byzantine Empire. The dynasty was established with the Unknown Archont, who ruled during the reign of Emperor Heraclius (610–641). The Vlastimirović dynasty ruled in Serbia until the 960s, when some Serbian lands were annexed by the Byzantine Empire.
Časlav was Prince of the Serbs from c. 927 until his death in c. 960. He significantly expanded the Serbian Principality when he managed to unite several Slavic tribes, stretching his realm over the shores of the Adriatic Sea, the Sava river and the Morava valley. He successfully fought off the Magyars, who had crossed the Carpathians and ravaged Central Europe, when they invaded Bosnia. Časlav is remembered, alongside his predecessor Vlastimir, as founders of Serbia in the Middle Ages.
The term Unnamed Prince of Serbia, or the Unknown Prince, refers to the Serbian prince from the first half of the 7th century, who according to the De Administrando Imperio supposedly led his people from their original homeland in White Serbia, to settle in the Balkans during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Heraclius (610–641), as mentioned in Emperor Constantine VII's work De Administrando Imperio. The work does not record his name, but states that he was the progenitor of the first Serbian dynasty, and that he died before the arrival of the Bulgars (680), succeeded by his son, and then grandson.
Dervan or Derwan was an early King of the Sorbs.
The History of the Serbs spans from the Early Middle Ages to present. Serbs, a South Slavic people, traditionally live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and North Macedonia. A Serbian diaspora dispersed people of Serb descent to Western Europe, North America and Australia.
Petar Gojniković or Peter of Serbia was Prince of the Serbs from 892 to 917. He ruled and expanded the First Serbian Principality (Rascia), and won several wars against other family members that sought the crown. He was the first Serbian monarch with a Christian (non-Slavic) name.
Mutimir was prince of Serbia from ca. 850 until 891. He defeated the Bulgar army, allied himself with the Byzantine emperor and ruled the first Serbian Principality when the Christianization of the Serbs took place and the Eparchy of Ras was established.
Pomorje, also known as the Lands of Pomorje, is a medieval term, used to designate several maritime regions of Upper Dalmatia and its hinterland, that at the end of the 12th century, during the reign of Stefan Nemanja (1166-1196), became part of the Grand Principality of Serbia, and remained part of the medieval Kingdom of Serbia, whose rulers were styled with the title: "crowned king and autocrat of all Serbian and coastal lands".
Pribislav was Prince of the Serbs for a year, in 891–892, before being deposed by his cousin Petar. He was the eldest son of Mutimir of the Vlastimirović dynasty, who ruled during the expanding and Christianization of Serbia.
Radoslav was a Serbian Prince who ruled over the early medieval Principality of Serbia at the beginning of the 9th century. He succeeded his father, prince Višeslav, who ruled at the end of the 8th century. Radoslav was succeeded by his son, prince Prosigoj.
Pavle Branovic was the Prince of the Serbs from 917 to 921. He was put on the throne by the Bulgarian Tsar Symeon I of Bulgaria, who had imprisoned the previous prince, Petar, after he had become a Byzantine ally. Pavle ruled for four years, before being defeated by Zaharija, his cousin. Pavle was the son of Bran, the middle son of Mutimir of the Vlastimirović dynasty.
Zaharija Pribislavljević or Zaharija of Serbia was Prince of the Serbs from 922 to 924. He defeated his cousin Pavle in 922. Zaharija was the son of Pribislav, the eldest son of Mutimir of the first Serbian dynasty.
Eparchy of Raška and Prizren or Eparchy of Raška-Prizren and Kosovo-Metohija, is one of the oldest eparchies of the Serbian Orthodox Church, featuring the seat of the Serbian Orthodox Church, the Serbian Patriarchal Monastery of Peć, as well as Serbian Orthodox Monastery of Visoki Dečani, which together are part of the UNESCO World Heritage sites of Serbia.
The Catepanate of Ras was a province (catepanate) of the Byzantine Empire, established around 971 in central regions of early medieval Serbia, during the rule of Byzantine Emperor John Tzimiskes (969–976). The catepanate was named after the fortified town of Ras, eponymous for the historical region of Raška. The province was short lived, and collapsed soon after 976, following the Byzantine retreat from the region after the restoration of the Bulgarian Empire.
Tihomir of Raška was a Serbian nobleman, mentioned (only) in the Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja, who served as the Grand Prince of Raška, from around 960 to 969.
Eparchy of Lipljan, later known as the Eparchy of Gračanica or the Eparchy of Novo Brdo is one of the former historical Eastern Orthodox eparchies of Serbian Orthodox located in the central parts of Kosovo region.. It is now part of Eparchy of Raška and Prizren. In older research, it was mistakengly identified as the bishopric of Ulpiana.