|Died||15 April 2009 75) (aged|
|Alma mater||Technical University of Budapest|
|Known for||Chemoton model|
|Institutions|| University of Gödöllő |
József Attila University
Eötvös Loránd University
Tibor Gánti (10 September 1933 – 15 April 2009) was a Hungarian theoretical biologist and biochemist, who is best known for his theory of the chemoton, a model for defining the minimal nature of life. He taught industrial biochemistry at Faculty of Science of the Eötvös University, and theoretical biology at University of Gödöllő, József Attila University, and Eötvös University.
Tibor Gánti worked as laboratory assistant at the Bacteriological Laboratory, Factory of Canned Food at Dunakeszi from 1951-1952. He then moved to Photochemical Research Institute of Vác in 1953-1954. From 1958 to 1965 he was the head of Yeast Laboratory, Yeast Factory, Budapest. In the meantime he completed a diploma in chemical engineering from the Technical University of Budapest in 1958, and a Dr. techn. (PhD) in 1962. Between 1965 and 1974 he was the head of biochemical department at the Reanal Factory of Laboratory Chemicals in Budapest. He was awarded a doctorate in biological science by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in 1980.
Gánti joined Eötvös Loránd University as a guest lecturer of industrial biochemistry in 1968 and taught there until 1972. In 1974, he became a guest lecturer in theoretical biology at the University of Gödöllő. Between 1975 and 1979 he taught theoretical biology at József Attila University, Szeged. He became guest professor of the theoretical biology at Eötvös University in 1978 up to 1999.
Gánti formulated a theory about the fundamental nature of living organisms, presented as a model called the chemoton in 1971. According to the chemoton model, of necessity, living organisms should have a basic autocatalytic subsystem consisting of metabolism and a replication process, and a membrane enclosing these functions.
His theory may be the most significant contribution to theoretical biology for understanding the chemical basis and origin of life,as it provides a philosophy of evolutionary units.
Gánti founded the Alliance for the Protection of Nature and Society (TTVSZ) that received 0.03 percent of the votes and won no seats in the 1990 parliamentary election. He ran as a candidate on the national list of the National Democratic Alliance in the 1994 parliamentary election, but did not obtain a mandate.
The term autopoiesis refers to a system capable of producing and maintaining itself by creating its own parts. The term was introduced in the 1972 publication Autopoiesis and Cognition: The Realization of the Living by Chilean biologists Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela to define the self-maintaining chemistry of living cells.
Dénes Kőnig was a Hungarian mathematician of Hungarian Jewish heritage who worked in and wrote the first textbook on the field of graph theory.
László Lovász is a Hungarian mathematician and professor emeritus at Eötvös Loránd University, best known for his work in combinatorics, for which he was awarded the 2021 Abel Prize jointly with Avi Wigderson. He was the president of the International Mathematical Union from 2007 to 2010 and the president of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences from 2014 to 2020.
Zoltán Lajos Bay was a Hungarian physicist, professor, and engineer who developed technologies, including tungsten lamps and microwave devices. He was the leader of the second group to observe radar echoes from the Moon (Moonbounce). From 1930, he worked at the University of Szeged as a professor of theoretical physics.
Miklós Vámos originally Tibor Vámos, is a Hungarian writer, novelist, screenwriter, translator and talkshow host, who has published 33 books.
András Gerevich is a Hungarian poet, screenwriter, literary translator and Professor of Screenwriting at Budapest Metropolitan University.
The term chemoton refers to an abstract model for the fundamental unit of life introduced by Hungarian theoretical biologist Tibor Gánti. Popular articles express surprise that Gánti's work is so little known. Gánti conceived the basic idea in 1952 and formulated the concept in 1971 in his book The Principles of Life. He suggested that the chemoton was the original ancestor of all organisms.
Hildebrand Dezső Várkonyi was a monk and a teacher of Bencés order. Várkonyi was a respected and well-known Hungarian philosopher, pedagogue and psychologist.
István Stumpf is a Hungarian lawyer, political scientist, sociologist, university professor, political science PhD, former constitutional justice at the Constitutional Court of Hungary. From 1991 to 1994 he was the youth policy adviser to the president of the Republic Árpád Göncz. He also served as minister of the Prime Minister's Office from 1998 - 2002 in the first cabinet of Viktor Orbán. In the beginning of 2021 February he was appointed for a term of 2 years as government commissioner responsible for model change of universities. He was appointed president of the board of the foundation maintaining the newly founded University of Tokaj. This year he was appointed to be a member of Government Committee for Rural Development.
Lajos Bíró was a zoologist from Hungary. He explored Papua New Guinea between 1896 and 1902 and collected nearly 200000 specimens of which 2400 species were new to science. Many species, such as the beetle Catascopus biroi, were named after him.
Gyula Kornis was a Hungarian Piarist, philosopher, educator, professor and politician, who served as Speaker of the House of Representatives for a short time in 1938.
Tibor Frank was a Hungarian historian who was professor of history at the School of English and American Studies of the Faculty of Humanities of the Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE). He was director of its School of English and American Studies. From 2013 he was corresponding member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA), as of 2019 he was a full member.
Enikő A. Sajti is a Hungarian historian and professor emerita of Faculty of Arts, University of Szeged. She has been active in research of the relationship between Serbia & Croatia (Yugoslavia) and Hungary for decades. She is a notable and respected scientist both in Hungary and around the world.
Katalin M. Hangos is a Hungarian chemical engineer whose research concerns control theory and chemical process modeling. She is a research professor in the Systems and Control Laboratory of the Institute for Computer Science and Control of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and a professor of electrical engineering and information systems at the University of Pannonia.
Attila Bartis is a Romanian-born Hungarian writer, photographer, dramatist and journalist. He received the Attila József Prize in 2005. His books have been translated into over 20 different languages. In 2001, he published his second novel, Tranquility, which was adapted into film in 2008. In 2017, he became a member of the Széchenyi Academy of Literature and Arts.
The Faculty of Law of Eötvös Loránd University was founded in 1667 and it is located in Egyetem tér in Belváros-Lipótváros, Budapest, Hungary.
Arthur John Patterson was a British academic and member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. He was an academic at the Faculty of Humanities of the Eötvös Loránd University.
Miklós Szenczi was a Hungarian academic and literary scholar.
Tibor Lutter was a Hungarian academic and literary scholar.