Tibor Károlyi (politician)

Last updated
Tibor Károlyi
Karolyi Tibor.PNG
Speaker of the House of Magnates
In office
17 June 1898 2 October 1900
Preceded by Vilmos Tóth
Succeeded by Albin Csáky
Personal details
Born 26 September 1843
Pozsony, Kingdom of Hungary
(today: Bratislava, Slovakia)
Died 5 April 1904 (aged 60)
Abbázia, Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary
(today: Opatija, Croatia)
Profession politician

Count Tibor Károlyi de Nagykároly (26 September 1843 5 April 1904) was a Hungarian politician, who served as Speaker of the House of Magnates between 1898 and 1900.

Hungary Country in Central Europe

Hungary is a country in Central Europe. Spanning 93,030 square kilometres (35,920 sq mi) in the Carpathian Basin, it borders Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west. With about 10 million inhabitants, Hungary is a medium-sized member state of the European Union. The official language is Hungarian, which is the most widely spoken Uralic language in the world. Hungary's capital and its largest city and metropolis is Budapest. Other major urban areas include Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Pécs and Győr.

Biography

He was born in Pozsony into an old noble family on 26 September 1843. His parents were Count György Károlyi, Lord Lieutenant, a key figure of the reform age, Oldest Member of the House of Magnates, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA); and Countess Karolina Zichy, daughter of Count Károly Zichy and sister of Countess Antónia Zichy, who married Prime Minister Lajos Batthyány. Tibor Károlyi had several siblings, István (Member of Parliament), Gábor, Gyula (Imperial and Royal Chamberlain, MP and member of the House of Magnates). His sister, Pálma married to Aurél Dessewffy who later served as Speaker of the House of Magnates. Tibor married Countess Emma Degenfeld-Schonburg, they had five children, including Gyula who later became Prime Minister of Hungary, Antal, Imperial and Royal Chamberlain, and Imre, who functioned as Knight of Malta. Tibor Károlyi was uncle and guardian of Mihály Károlyi, President of the First Hungarian Republic.

Hungarian Academy of Sciences

The Hungarian Academy of Sciences is the most important and prestigious learned society of Hungary. Its seat is at the bank of the Danube in Budapest. Its main responsibilities are the cultivation of science, dissemination of scientific findings, supporting research and development and representing Hungarian science domestically and around the world.

Antónia Zichy Hungarian noblewoman

Countess Antónia Zichy de Zich et Vásonkeő was a Hungarian noblewoman and wife of Lajos Batthyány who served as Prime Minister of Hungary during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848. They married on 4 December 1834.

Prime Minister of Hungary

The Prime Minister of Hungary is the head of government in Hungary. The Prime Minister and the Cabinet are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Parliament, to their political party and ultimately to the electorate. The current holder of the office is Viktor Orbán, leader of the Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance, who has served since 29 May 2010.

At the age of 20, along with his brothers he traveled Spain and Africa. He joined Hungarian Legion in the Austro-Prussian War in 1866, became aide-de-camp of György Klapka. After dissolution of the legion moved to Paris. He returned to home only in 1867.

Spain Kingdom in Southwest Europe

Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a country mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.

Africa The second largest and second most-populous continent, mostly in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres

Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent, being behind Asia in both categories. At about 30.3 million km2 including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. The majority of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere.

Austro-Prussian War conflict

The Austro-Prussian War or Seven Weeks' War was a war fought in 1866 between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, with each also being aided by various allies within the German Confederation. Prussia had also allied with the Kingdom of Italy, linking this conflict to the Third Independence War of Italian unification. The Austro-Prussian War was part of the wider rivalry between Austria and Prussia, and resulted in Prussian dominance over the German states.

He was a member of the House of Representatives from 1875 to 1884 as a representative of the governing Liberal Party. He was a Member of Parliament for Orosháza (1875-1881), then for Pécska (1881-1884). He promoted to a heritage member of the House Of Magnates. He became second Deputy Speaker on 10 October 1888. Then he served as first Deputy Speaker from 16 September 1894. He was awarded Privy Councillor in 1898. He was appointed Speaker of the Upper House on 17 June 1898 when his predecessor Vilmos Tóth died in office. He resigned in 1900.

Orosháza Town in Békés, Hungary

Orosháza is a city situated in the westernmost part of Békés county, Hungary, on the Békés ridge bordered by the rivers Maros and Körös. Orosháza is an important cultural, educational and recreational centre of the region.

Vilmos Tóth Hungarian politician

Vilmos Tóth de Székel was a Hungarian politician, who served as Interior Minister between 1871 and 1873.

Károlyi also dealt with fine arts and economy besides politics. He translated Edgar Quinet's work, named Histoire de la campagne de 1815 about the French Revolution as well as a book about Eighty Years' War by John Lothrop Motley. He also published Archives of Károlyi family in five volumes.

Edgar Quinet French writer

Edgar Quinet was a French historian and intellectual.

French Revolution social and political revolution in France and its colonies occurring from 1789 to 1798

The French Revolution was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies beginning in 1789. The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon who brought many of its principles to areas he conquered in Western Europe and beyond. Inspired by liberal and radical ideas, the Revolution profoundly altered the course of modern history, triggering the global decline of absolute monarchies while replacing them with republics and liberal democracies. Through the Revolutionary Wars, it unleashed a wave of global conflicts that extended from the Caribbean to the Middle East. Historians widely regard the Revolution as one of the most important events in human history.

Eighty Years War 16th and 17th-century Dutch revolt against the Habsburgs

The Eighty Years' War or Dutch War of Independence (1568–1648) was a revolt of the Seventeen Provinces of what are today the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg against Philip II of Spain, the sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands. After the initial stages, Philip II deployed his armies and regained control over most of the rebelling provinces. Under the leadership of the exiled William the Silent, the northern provinces continued their resistance. They eventually were able to oust the Habsburg armies, and in 1581 they established the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. The war continued in other areas, although the heartland of the republic was no longer threatened; this included the beginnings of the Dutch Colonial Empire, which at the time were conceived as carrying overseas the war with Spain. The Dutch Republic was recognized by Spain and the major European powers in 1609 at the start of the Twelve Years' Truce. Hostilities broke out again around 1619, as part of the broader Thirty Years' War. An end was reached in 1648 with the Peace of Münster, when the Dutch Republic was definitively recognised as an independent country no longer part of the Holy Roman Empire. The Peace of Münster is sometimes considered the beginning of the Dutch Golden Age.

He participated in the significant water control operations, whereby he was chairman of the companies which carried out discharge of Tisza, Maros, Körös, Szamos rivers, regulation of Nyírvíz and draining of Ecsed Marsh.

Nagyecsed Place in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg, Hungary

Nagyecsed is a town in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary.

His social work also undertaken; became chairman of the Hungarian Fine Arts Society, following Arnold Ipolyi in that position. He also served as President of the Smallholders' Credit Institution, as well as Chairman of the Board of the Adria Shipping Company. Tibor Károlyi died in 1904.

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References

Political offices
Preceded by
Vilmos Tóth
Speaker of the House of Magnates
1898–1900
Succeeded by
Albin Csáky