|Born||April 6, 1924|
|Notable awards|| Attila József Prize (1951, 1952)|
Kossuth Prize (1953)
Legion of Honour (1997)
Tibor Méray (born 6 April 1924) is a Hungarian journalist and writer, worked for various newspapers (Szabad Nép, Csillag) during the Communist regime. He was a war correspondent for Szabad Nép (official daily of the ruling communist Hungarian Working People's Party and predecessor of the Népszabadság ) during the Korean War.
As a supporter of the politics of Imre Nagy, he fled the country after the abortive uprising of 1956 and became a staunch anti-Communist, living in Paris, France. After working for several journals, he was editor-in-chief of the Irodalmi Újság, an important emigrant Hungarian-language weekly in Paris, from 1971 to 1989.
He co-wrote the 1969 comedy spy novel Catch Me a Spy , which was later adapted into a 1971 film To Catch a Spy starring Kirk Douglas.
Wilfred Graham Burchett was an Australian journalist known for his reporting of conflicts in Asia and his communist sympathies. He was the first foreign correspondent to enter Hiroshima after the atomic bomb was dropped, and he attracted controversy for his reporting during the Korean and Vietnam Wars.
László Rajk was a Hungarian Communist politician, who served as Minister of Interior and Minister of Foreign Affairs. He was an important organizer of the Hungarian Communists' power, but he eventually fell victim to Mátyás Rákosi's show trials.
János Kornai, until 1945 János Kornhauser, is a Hungarian economist noted for his analysis and criticism of the command economies of Eastern European communist states.
Yuri Vasilevich Krotkov was a Russian dramatist. Working as a KGB agent, he defected to the West in 1963.
Miklós Jancsó was a Hungarian film director and screenwriter.
Népszabadság was a major left-leaning Hungarian newspaper.
The Hungarian People's Republic was a one-party socialist republic from 20 August 1949 to 23 October 1989. It was governed by the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party, which was under the influence of the Soviet Union. Pursuant to the 1944 Moscow Conference, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin had agreed that after the war Hungary was to be included in the Soviet sphere of influence. The HPR remained in existence until 1989, when opposition forces brought the end of communism in Hungary.
Tibor Déry was a Hungarian writer and poet. He also wrote under the names Tibor Dániel and Pál Verdes.
József Révai, Hungarian communist politician.
The Red and the White is a 1967 film directed by Miklós Jancsó and dealing with the Russian Civil War. The original Hungarian title, Csillagosok, katonák, can be translated as "Stars on their Caps", which, as with a number of Jancsó film titles, is a quote from a song. The film was listed to compete at the 1968 Cannes Film Festival, but the festival was canceled due to the events of May 1968 in France. It was voted as "Best Foreign Film of 1969" by the French Syndicate of Cinema Critics.
Paul Lendvai is a Hungarian-born journalist who became an Austrian citizen. He moved to Austria in 1957, and is working as an author and journalist.
To Catch a Spy is a 1971 comedy spy film directed by Dick Clement and starring Kirk Douglas, Marlène Jobert, Trevor Howard, Richard Pearson, Garfield Morgan, Angharad Rees and Robert Raglan. It was written by Clement and Ian La Frenais. The story is based on the 1969 novel Catch Me a Spy by George Marton and Tibor Méray.
Catch Me a Spy is a 1969 comedy spy thriller novel by George Marton and Tibor Meray.
The Minister of Defence of Hungary is a member of the Hungarian cabinet and the head of the Ministry of Defence. The defence minister appoints the Chief of General Staff to the head of the Hungarian Defence Force. The current minister is Tibor Benkő.
Erik Molnár was a Hungarian politician, who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs twice: from 1947 to 1948 and from 1952 to 1953.
Péter Vályi was a Hungarian politician, who served as Minister of Finance between 1967 and 1971.
The Hungarian Soviet Republic, literally the Republic of Councils in Hungary was a short-lived small communist rump state. When the Republic of Councils in Hungary was established in 1919, it controlled only approximately 23% of the territory of Hungary's classic pre-World War I territories.
The New Economic Policy (NEP) was an economic policy of the Soviet Union proposed by Vladimir Lenin in 1921 as a temporary expedient. Lenin characterized the NEP in 1922 as an economic system that would include "a free market and capitalism, both subject to state control," while socialized state enterprises would operate on "a profit basis."
Iván Boldizsár was a Hungarian journalist, writer and editor of several Hungarian publications, periodicals and newspapers.
The Red Terror in Hungary was a period of heightened political tension and suppression in 1919 during the four-month period of the Hungarian Soviet Republic, primarily towards anti-communist forces. The communist party and communist policies had considerable popular support among the proletarian masses of large industrial centers - especially in Budapest - where the working class represented a higher ratio of the inhabitants. In the Hungarian countryside, the authority of the government was often nonexistent, serving as a launch-point for anti-communist insurgency. The new government followed the Soviet solution: the party established its revolutionary terror groups to "overcome the obstacles" of the worker's revolution. It received its name in reference to the Red Terror of Soviet Russia. It was soon followed by the White Terror against communists, industrial workers and Jews.