Tibor Paul

Last updated

Tibor Paul (29 March 1909 11 November 1973) was a Hungarian-Australian conductor. [1]


He was born in Budapest, Hungary to Antal János Paul, vintner, and his wife Gizella, née Verényi. [1] He studied piano and woodwind under Zoltán Kodály, Hermann Scherchen and Felix Weingartner. [1] In 1930 he founded the Budapest Concert Orchestra. In 1939 he began conducting his own orchestra. He also conducted at the Budapest National Theatre and by 1945 he was principal conductor for the Hungarian Broadcasting Corporation.

In 1948, Paul left for Switzerland. He conducted for the Swiss Broadcasting Corporation and at the opera house in Bern. He migrated to Australia in 1950. He soon became a conductor with the New South Wales National Opera and a guest conductor with the Australian Broadcasting Commission (ABC). He taught orchestral and choral conducting at the New South Wales State Conservatorium of Music from 1954. He was also principal conductor for the Elizabethan Theatre Trust Opera Company in 1954-55. He became an Australian citizen in 1955.

Tibor Paul travelled widely throughout Australia and conducted in every capital city. He was the conductor of the Tasmanian concert attended by the very young Stuart Challender which caused Challender to set his sights on becoming a conductor himself. [2] However, because the ABC was unable to offer Paul sufficient engagements, he made regular trips to Britain, Italy, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Denmark, France, Portugal and Austria. He was a vigorous promoter of Australian composers, and he toured Europe and North America in 1958 and included the work of Australians in his concerts.

In 1959 Paul left for Europe with his wife and younger son. He eventually settled in the Republic of Ireland, where he was principal conductor (1961–67) with the Radio Éireann Symphony Orchestra and director of music (1962–67) for Raidió Teilifís Éireann, Dublin. There he conducted such world premieres as Brian Boydell’s cantata "A Terrible Beauty is Born" in 1966. [3] He was a co-founder of the Limerick Choral Union, and conducted its first performance on 4 May 1964, Mozart’s Requiem , with soloists including Bernadette Greevy. With this choir he also led the first performances in Ireland of Beethoven’s Missa Solemnis and Mass in D (1967) and Janáček’s Glagolitic Mass (1968). [4]

He returned to Sydney in October 1968 to conduct the Elizabethan Theatre Trust Orchestra. Over the next six years he divided his time between Australia and Europe. He was chief conductor of the West Australian Symphony Orchestra from 1971, his term, which was to have continued through 1974, being cut short by his death. In January 1973 he conducted the combined West Australian and South Australian symphony orchestras in a performance to inaugurate the Perth Concert Hall.[ citation needed ]

He died of a coronary occlusion on 11 November 1973 in his home at Wahroonga, Sydney, survived by his wife and sons.[ citation needed ]

He had a fiery temperament, a prodigious memory, and seldom conducted from a score. His controversial manner was a matter of discussion in the Irish Parliament in 1966. [5]

Personal life

On 9 November 1935 he married Maria Penninger in Budapest; they had two sons.[ citation needed ]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Otto Klemperer</span> Conductor and composer (1885–1973)

Otto Nossan Klemperer was a conductor and composer, originally based in Germany, and then the US, Hungary and finally Britain. His early career was in opera houses, but he became better known as a concert-hall conductor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Antal Doráti</span> Hungarian-born conductor and composer

Antal Doráti was a Hungarian-born conductor and composer who became a naturalized American citizen in 1943.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sydney Symphony Orchestra</span> Australian symphony orchestra

The Sydney Symphony Orchestra (SSO) is an Australian symphony orchestra that was initially formed in 1908. Since its opening in 1973, the Sydney Opera House has been its home concert hall. Simone Young is the orchestra's chief conductor and first woman in the role.

John Raymond Hopkins AM OBE was a British-born Australian conductor and administrator.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ferenc Fricsay</span> Hungarian conductor

Ferenc Fricsay was a Hungarian conductor. From 1960 until his death, he was an Austrian citizen.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Australian Symphony Orchestra</span> Symphony orchestra from Perth, Western Australia

The West Australian Symphony Orchestra (WASO) is an Australian symphony orchestra based in Perth, Western Australia. Its principal concert venue is the Perth Concert Hall. WASO also gives concerts at the Mandurah Performing Arts Centre. As of March 2012, WASO has a roster of 79 full-time musicians and presents over 170 performances per annum throughout the state. The orchestra has an affiliated WASO Chorus.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">János Fürst</span> Musical artist

János Fürst was a Hungarian-born conductor and violinist.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Iván Fischer</span> Hungarian conductor and composer

Iván Fischer is a Hungarian conductor and composer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stuart Challender</span> Musical artist

Stuart David Challender was an Australian conductor, known particularly for his work with The Australian Opera, Elizabethan Sydney Orchestra and the Sydney Symphony Orchestra.

Árpád Joó was a Hungarian American conductor and concert pianist.

Gregory Vajda is a Hungarian clarinetist, composer and conductor.

Joseph Mozart Post was an Australian conductor and music administrator. He made an unrivalled contribution to the development of opera-conducting in Australia and was, in Roger Covell's words, the 'first Australian-born musician to excel in this genre'. As an orchestral conductor, he was judged a 'good all-round man': he was well regarded for his enthusiasm, clarity and economy of gesture, but he was not associated with inspiring or challenging musicianship. Nonetheless, his ability to take over conducting assignments at very short notice became legendary and he was often greeted with 'rave' reviews.

Gerald English was an English tenor. He performed operatic and concert repertoire, was a recording artist, and was a sometime academic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Budapest Philharmonic Orchestra</span>

The Budapest Philharmonic Orchestra is Hungary's oldest extant orchestra. It was founded in 1853 by Ferenc Erkel under the auspices of the Budapest Philharmonic Society. For many years it was Hungary's only professional orchestra. The ensemble is an independent body, now organised by musicians of the Opera House, directed by the chairman-conductor and the board of directors. Its main concert venue is the Hungarian State Opera House, where they give around ten concerts per year.

Gilbert Varga is a British- Hungarian conductor and the Principal Conductor of the Taipei Symphony Orchestra.

Imre Palló is a Hungarian-born conductor. His father, Imre Palló, was the leading baritone of the Budapest State Opera for 50 years, and also director of the company from 1956–1960. The composer Zoltán Kodály was an intimate friend of the Palló family, and was his godfather, playing a very influential role in his early musical training and education. He studied with Hans Swarowsky at the Vienna Academy of Music, and privately with Ferenc Fricsay. He served as Fricsay's personal assistant at the Salzburg Summer Festival, and also as the assistant to Herbert von Karajan and Karl Böhm at the Salzburg and Vienna Festivals from 1961–1964. He was also the assistant to Antal Dorati for the Haydn recordings with the Philharmonica Hungarica for the Decca label.

Paul Terracini is an Australian composer, conductor, and educator.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Szabolcs Sándor</span> Musical artist

Szabolcs Sándor conductor, accompanist, pianist

Tibor Ney was a Hungarian violinist and music teacher.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">National Symphony Orchestra (Ireland)</span>

The National Symphony Orchestra is the largest professional orchestra in Ireland. Housed at the National Concert Hall, Dublin, since January 2022, it used to be the concert and radio orchestra of Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ), Ireland's public radio station. It plays an important role in Irish cultural life, also undertaking occasional tours of Ireland.


  1. 1 2 3 Bosworth, Michal (2000). "Paul, Tibor (1909–1973)". Australian Dictionary of Biography . Vol. 15. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. ISBN   978-0-522-84459-7 . Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  2. ABC: Four Corners, 23 August 2001
  3. RTE Libraries and Archives
  4. Limerick Choral Union Archived 2009-01-06 at the Wayback Machine
  5. Dáil Éireann - Volume 224 - 26 October 1966; Committee on Finance. - Vote 42—Posts and Telegraphs (Resumed). Archived 2011-06-07 at the Wayback Machine