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Tibor Várady (born May 25, 1939, Zrenjanin Yugoslavia) is a legal scholar. He has also earned recognition as a writer. He was one of the founders of the Hungarian language avant-garde literary magazine "Új Symposion" published in Novi Sad (Yugoslavia) that was challenging political confines. Between 1969 and 1971 he was managing editor,and in November 1971 he defended the magazine in court proceedings aiming to ban the Új Symposion.
Zrenjanin is a city and the administrative center of the Central Banat District in the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. The city urban area has a population of 76,511 inhabitants, while the city administrative area has 123,362 inhabitants.
Yugoslavia was a country in Southeastern and Central Europe for most of the 20th century. It came into existence after World War I in 1918 under the name of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by the merger of the provisional State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs with the Kingdom of Serbia, and constituted the first union of the South Slavic people as a sovereign state, following centuries in which the region had been part of the Ottoman Empire and Austria-Hungary. Peter I of Serbia was its first sovereign. The kingdom gained international recognition on 13 July 1922 at the Conference of Ambassadors in Paris. The official name of the state was changed to Kingdom of Yugoslavia on 3 October 1929.
Novi Sad is the second largest city in Serbia, the capital of the autonomous province of Vojvodina and the administrative centre of the South Bačka District. It is located in the southern portion of the Pannonian Plain on the border of the Bačka and Srem geographical regions. Lying on the banks of the Danube river, the city faces the northern slopes of Fruška Gora.
He received his law degree at the University of Belgrade Faculty of Law, and he received an S.J.D. at Harvard Law School.
The Faculty of Law of the University in Belgrade, also known as the Belgrade Law School, is one of the first-tier educational institutions of the University of Belgrade, Serbia. The building is located in the heart of the old part of Belgrade, in the urban neighborhood of Palilula, contiguously to the city park Tasmajdan, on Bulevar kralja Aleksandra.
Harvard Law School is one of the professional graduate schools of Harvard University located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded in 1817, it is the oldest continuously operating law school in the United States and one of the most prestigious in the world. It is ranked first in the world by the QS World University Rankings and the ARWU Shanghai Ranking.
Between July 1992 and December 1992 he was Minister of Justice of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the government of Milan Panić. After Mr. Panić lost the elections against Milošević in December 1992, Tibor Várady left Yugoslavia and continued teaching in the U.S. and in Hungary.
The Ministry of Justice of Yugoslavia refers to the justice ministry which was responsible for judicial system of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from 1918 to 1945 and the communist SFR Yugoslavia from 1945 to 1992. It may also refer to the justice ministry of Serbia and Montenegro from 1992 to 2003.
Milan Panić ; born 20 December 1929) is a Serbian American former Prime Minister of Yugoslavia, humanitarian, and multimillionaire businessman based in Newport Beach and Pasadena, California. He served as Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1992 to 1993. During and after his time as Prime Minister, he campaigned for peace and democracy in the Balkan region. He ran for President of Serbia in 1992, ultimately coming in second to Slobodan Milošević in an election marked by allegations of media and vote tampering by the ruling party. Panić became Prime Minister of Yugoslavia while an American citizen. The legality of retaining US citizenship while accepting this office has been questioned based on a Constitutional prohibition of a US citizen accepting office on behalf of a foreign nation. Panić is the first US citizen to occupy a high-level political position in a foreign country since Golda Meir.
Várady was teaching at the University of Novi Sad Faculty of Law since 1963 until December 1992. Since 1993 he has been teaching at the Central European University in Budapest.Also, for more than 20 years he was teaching one semester almost each year at U.S. law schools, alternating between the University of Florida, Berkeley, Cornell and Emory. In 1998 he became a tenured professor of law at Emory University, and was teaching at Emory one semester each year until 2012. He became Professor Emeritus of Law at Emory University in 2012.
The University of Novi Sad Faculty of Law, also known as the Novi Sad Law School, is a constituent body of the University of Novi Sad, Serbia. The school is located on the university campus on the bank of the Danube river in the downtown district, on the opposite side of the Petrovaradin Fortress.
Central European University (CEU) is a graduate-level private university accredited in Austria, Hungary, and the U.S., with campuses located in Budapest and Vienna. CEU is ranked as one of the world's top universities in social sciences and humanities, with top-ranked programs in philosophy, cognitive science, political science, mathematics, international studies, public policy and administration, and history.
Emory University is a private research university in Atlanta, in the U.S. state of Georgia. The university was founded as Emory College in 1836 in Oxford, Georgia, by the Methodist Episcopal Church and was named in honor of Methodist bishop John Emory. In 1915, Emory College moved to its present location in Druid Hills and was rechartered as Emory University. Emory maintained a presence in Oxford that eventually became Oxford College, a residential liberal arts college for the first two years of the Emory baccalaureate degree. The university is the second-oldest private institution of higher education in Georgia and among the fifty oldest private universities in the United States.
He gave more than 200 individual lectures or short courses in different countries including the United States, France, United Kingdom, Germany, The Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, Italy, Spain, Hungary, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Poland, Singapore, China.
Tibor Várady is a regular member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. He also a member of a number of professional associations, including the International Law Association, Société de la Legislation comparée, Society of European Contract Law (Secola)
The Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts is a national academy and the most prominent academic institution in Serbia, founded in 1841 as Society Of Serbian Letters.
The International Law Association (ILA) is a non-profit organisation based in Great Britain that — according to its constitution — promotes "the study, clarification and development of international law" and "the furtherance of international understanding and respect for international law".
His professional awards include:
From 2001 until 2008, he acted as agent counsel and advocate in 10 cases before the International Court of Justice. He has been active in international commercial arbitration since 1973. Acted as arbitrator or chairman of panels of arbitrators in more than 200 (mostly international) cases administered by arbitral institutions in Austria, Croatia, England, Egypt, France, Hungary, The Netherlands, Serbia, Switzerland. He has also been active in ad hoc arbitrations.
Várady is the author or co-author of 20 books. He also published 75 articles in English, French, or German, 100 articles in Serbian (or Serbo-Croatian) and 30 articles in Hungarian.
In 1983 he published a treatise on Private International Law (Međunarodno privatno pravo), which became the best known treatise in this field in the former Yugoslavia. It has 14 editions (since 2001 with co-authors).
During the past decade, the most substantial part of his publications has been devoted to international commercial arbitration, including the casebook "International Commercial Arbitration – A Transnational Perspective" (West Publ. co-authors J. Barcelo from Cornell and A. Von Mehren from Harvard)) This casebook has been used on all five continents. The 5th edition was published in 2012.
His important professional publications also include the monograph "Language and Translation in International Commercial Arbitration" (T.M.C. Asser Press 2006), and the monograph "The Elusive Pro-Arbitration Priority in Contemporary Court Scrutiny of Arbitral Awards", in Collected Courses of the Xiamen Academy of International Law, Vol. 2, pp. 341–474, (M. Nijhoff Publ. 2009).
Tibor Várady published literary essays and prose. His publications include the book of essays "Vagy nem maga az élet a legjobb időtöltés?" (Isn't life the perfect thing to pass time away? - 1971), the book "Mit i moda" (Myth and Fashion – this book published in Serbian received the "Stražilovo" literary price in 1979). His book "Az egérszürke szoba titka" (The Secret of the Mouse-Grey Room) written originally in Hungarian, was published in English translation as well, in 18 New Writing and Writers, 1980. In the introduction by the editor it is stated: "The Secret of the Mouse-Grey Room already has an important reputation in Eastern Europe as a satire that amusingly and accurately catches the tone of modern ideological semantics in East European bureaucracies."
The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) is an intergovernmental organization located at The Hague in the Netherlands. The PCA is not a court in the traditional sense but provides services of arbitral tribunal to resolve disputes that arise out of international agreements between member states, international organizations or private parties. The cases span a range of legal issues involving territorial and maritime boundaries, sovereignty, human rights, international investment, and international and regional trade. The PCA is constituted through two separate multilateral conventions with a combined membership of 122 states. The organization is not a United Nations agency, but the PCA is an official United Nations Observer.
International arbitration is arbitration between companies or individuals in different states, usually by including a provision for future disputes in a contract.
The Willem C. Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot or Vis Moot is an international moot court competition. Since 1994, it has been held annually in Vienna, Austria attracting more than 300 law schools from all around the world and spurring the creation of more than 20 pre-moots each year before the actual rounds are held in Vienna. It is the largest moot in the world for its field and is considered a grand slam or major moot. A sister moot, known as the Willem C. Vis (East) Moot, is held in Hong Kong just before the rounds in Vienna. It was established in 2003 and attracts around 150 teams every year, making it the second largest commercial arbitration moot and also a grand slam moot. It uses the same moot problem as the Vis Moot.
Emory University School of Law is a graduate school of Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia. It is currently ranked #26 among ABA-approved law schools by the 2019 U.S. News & World Report.
Arbitration, a form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), is a way to resolve disputes outside the courts. The dispute will be decided by one or more persons, which renders the "arbitration award". An arbitration award is legally binding on both sides and enforceable in the courts.
An arbitral tribunal is a panel of one or more adjudicators which is convened and sits to resolve a dispute by way of arbitration. The tribunal may consist of a sole arbitrator, or there may be two or more arbitrators, which might include either a chairman or an umpire. Members selected to serve on the tribunal are typically professionals with expertise in law and mediation, although some scholars have suggested that the ideal composition of an arbitral tribunal should include at least one economist, particularly in cases that involve questions of asset or damages valuation.
Emmanuel Gaillard is a prominent practicing attorney, a leading authority on international commercial arbitration, and a law professor. He founded and heads the international arbitration practice of the international law firm Shearman & Sterling and frequently acts as an arbitrator in international commercial or investment disputes.
The Israeli Institute of Commercial Arbitration was founded in 1991 by the Federation of Israeli Chambers of Commerce. The IICA is generally considered the leading arbitration institution in Israel.
Muthucumaraswamy Sornarajah is a legal academic. He is the C. J. Koh Professor of Law at the National University of Singapore, the Tunku Abdul Rahman Professor of Law at the University of Malaya, and the former head of the school of law at the University of Tasmania.
William W. Park is Professor of Law at Boston University School of Law. His practice and teaching focus on international financial and commercial transactions. He has served as Arbitrator on the Claims Resolution Tribunal for Dormant Accounts in Switzerland and the Appeals Tribunal of the International Commission on Holocaust Era Insurance Claims, and currently sits on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Chapter 14 Financial Services Roster.
The Beijing Arbitration Commission (BAC) is an independent non-profit organization based in Beijing offering services in arbitration, mediation, and other dispute resolution mechanisms. The BAC was established in 1995 following the passage of the Arbitration Law of the People's Republic of China. In accordance with the theories of other ADR channels, the BAC encourages arbitration and mediation forums as "win-win" alternatives to litigation. The BAC serves both domestic and international clients. An article in Business China declared the Beijing Arbitration Commission (BAC) as "the only local arbitration commission which meets or surpasses global standards.”
Albert Jan van den Berg is a founding partner of Hanotiau & van den Berg in Brussels, a Emeritus Professor of Law at the Erasmus University, Rotterdam, a visiting Professor at Georgetown University Law Center, Washington DC and at the University of Tsinghua School of Law, Beijing and a member of the Advisory Board and Faculty of the Geneva Master of Laws in International Dispute Settlement (MIDS), Geneva.
Katalin Ladik is a Hungarian poet, performance artist and actress. She was born in Novi Sad, Yugoslavia and in the last 20 years she has lived and worked alternately in Novi Sad, Serbia, in Budapest, Hungary and on the island of Hvar, Croatia. Parallel to her written poems she also creates sound poems and visual poems, performance art, writes and performs experimental music and audio plays. She is also a performer and an experimental artist. She explores language through visual and vocal expressions, as well as movement and gestures. Her work includes collages, photography, records, performances and happenings in both urban and natural environments.
The Scottish Arbitration Centre is the home of domestic and international arbitration in Scotland. The Centre exists to promote arbitration in Scotland, and Scotland to the world as a place to conduct international arbitration.
Prof. dr. Aleksandar Goldštajn was a prominent Croatian university professor, law scholar, writer and constitutional court judge.
Csongor István Nagy Ph.D., LL.M., S.J.D, dr. juris is a professor of law in Hungary, the head of the Department of Private International Law at the University of Szeged, Faculty of Law, in Szeged, Hungary, research chair and head of the Federal Markets “Momentum” Research Group at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and an attorney-at-law admitted to the Budapest Bar. Furthermore, he is visiting professor at the Central European University, the Sapientia University of Transylvania and the Riga Graduate School of Law.
Sean D. Murphy is the Manatt/Ahn Professor of International Law at the George Washington University Law School in Washington, D.C., where he has been teaching since 1998. His primary areas of scholarly research are public international law, foreign affairs and the U.S. Constitution, international organizations, international dispute settlement, and law of the sea. Murphy served for ten years on the Board of Editors of the American Journal of International Law and is the President-Elect of the American Society of International Law. In 2016, the United Nations General Assembly re-elected Murphy to serve as a Member of the U.N. International Law Commission (ILC). He has been named by the ILC as Special Rapporteur for Crimes Against Humanity, a topic on which he has lectured widely.
Robert Brandt von Mehren was a young lawyer in the Hiss-Chambers Case in 1949 who rose to become a leading expert in international arbitration in a career spent at the law firm of Debevoise & Plimpton.