Tibor Várady

Last updated

Tibor Várady (born May 25, 1939, Zrenjanin Yugoslavia) is a legal scholar. He has also earned recognition as a writer. He was one of the founders of the Hungarian language avant-garde literary magazine "Új Symposion" published in Novi Sad (Yugoslavia) that was challenging political confines. Between 1969 and 1971 he was managing editor, [1] and in November 1971 he defended the magazine in court proceedings aiming to ban the Új Symposion.


He received his law degree at the University of Belgrade Faculty of Law, and he received an S.J.D. at Harvard Law School.

Between July 1992 and December 1992 he was Minister of Justice of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the government of Milan Panić. After Mr. Panić lost the elections against Milošević in December 1992, Tibor Várady left Yugoslavia and continued teaching in the U.S. and in Hungary.

Academic career

Várady was teaching at the University of Novi Sad Faculty of Law since 1963 until December 1992. Since 1993 he has been teaching at the Central European University in Budapest. [2] Also, for more than 20 years he was teaching one semester almost each year at U.S. law schools, alternating between the University of Florida, Berkeley, Cornell and Emory. In 1998 he became a tenured professor of law at Emory University, and was teaching at Emory one semester each year until 2012. He became Professor Emeritus of Law at Emory University in 2012.

He gave more than 200 individual lectures or short courses in different countries including the United States, France, United Kingdom, Germany, The Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, Italy, Spain, Hungary, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Poland, Singapore, China. [3]

Awards and honors

Tibor Várady is a regular member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. He also a member of a number of professional associations, including the International Law Association, Société de la Legislation comparée, Society of European Contract Law (Secola)

His professional awards include:

From 2001 until 2008, he acted as agent counsel and advocate in 10 cases before the International Court of Justice. He has been active in international commercial arbitration since 1973. Acted as arbitrator or chairman of panels of arbitrators in more than 200 (mostly international) cases administered by arbitral institutions in Austria, Croatia, England, Egypt, France, Hungary, The Netherlands, Serbia, Switzerland. He has also been active in ad hoc arbitrations. [5]

In 2021 Várady stated that Kosovo's declaration of independence was illegal. [6]

Professional publications

Várady is the author or co-author of 20 books. He also published 75 articles in English, French, or German, 100 articles in Serbian (or Serbo-Croatian) and 30 articles in Hungarian.

In 1983 he published a treatise on Private International Law (Međunarodno privatno pravo), which became the best known treatise in this field in the former Yugoslavia. It has 14 editions (since 2001 with co-authors).

During the past decade, the most substantial part of his publications has been devoted to international commercial arbitration, including the casebook "International Commercial Arbitration – A Transnational Perspective" (West Publ. co-authors J. Barcelo from Cornell and A. Von Mehren from Harvard)) This casebook has been used on all five continents. The 5th edition was published in 2012.

His important professional publications also include the monograph "Language and Translation in International Commercial Arbitration" (T.M.C. Asser Press 2006), and the monograph "The Elusive Pro-Arbitration Priority in Contemporary Court Scrutiny of Arbitral Awards", in Collected Courses of the Xiamen Academy of International Law, Vol. 2, pp. 341–474, (M. Nijhoff Publ. 2009).

Literary publications

Tibor Várady published literary essays and prose. His publications include the book of essays "Vagy nem maga az élet a legjobb időtöltés?" (Isn't life the perfect thing to pass time away? - 1971), the book "Mit i moda" (Myth and Fashion – this book published in Serbian received the "Stražilovo" literary price in 1979). His book "Az egérszürke szoba titka" (The Secret of the Mouse-Grey Room) written originally in Hungarian, was published in English translation as well, in 18 New Writing and Writers, 1980. In the introduction by the editor it is stated: "The Secret of the Mouse-Grey Room already has an important reputation in Eastern Europe as a satire that amusingly and accurately catches the tone of modern ideological semantics in East European bureaucracies."

Related Research Articles

Arbitration, in the context of the law of the United States, is a form of alternative dispute resolution. Specifically, arbitration is an alternative to litigation through which the parties to a dispute agree to submit their respective positions to a neutral third party for resolution. In practice arbitration is generally used as a substitute for litigation, particularly when the judicial process is perceived as too slow, expensive or biased. In some context, an arbitrator may be described as an umpire.

Permanent Court of Arbitration Intergovernmental organization

The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) is an intergovernmental organization located in The Hague, Netherlands. It is not a court in the traditional sense, but provides services of arbitral tribunal to resolve disputes that arise out of international agreements between member states, international organizations or private parties. The cases span a range of legal issues involving territorial and maritime boundaries, sovereignty, human rights, international investment, and international and regional trade. The PCA is constituted through two separate multilateral conventions with a combined membership of 122 states. The organization is not a United Nations agency, but the PCA is an official United Nations Observer.

Central European University Private Research University

Central European University (CEU) is a private research university accredited in Austria, Hungary, and the United States, with campuses in Vienna and Budapest. The university is known for its focus on the social sciences and humanities, low student-faculty ratio, and international student body. A central tenet of the university's mission is the promotion of open societies, as a result of its close association with the Open Society Foundations. CEU is one of eight members comprising the CIVICA Alliance, a group of European higher education institutions in the social sciences, humanities, business management and public policy, such as Sciences Po (France), The London School of Economics and Political Science (UK), and the Stockholm School of Economics (Sweden).

International arbitration is arbitration between companies or individuals in different states, usually by including a provision for future disputes in a contract.

Willem C. Vis Moot

The Willem C. Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot or Vis Moot is an international moot court competition. Since 1994, it has been held annually in Vienna, Austria attracting more than 300 law schools from all around the world and spurring the creation of more than 20 pre-moots each year before the actual rounds are held in Vienna. It is the largest moot in the world for its field and is considered a grand slam or major moot. A sister moot, known as the Willem C. Vis (East) Moot, is held in Hong Kong just before the rounds in Vienna. It was established in 2003 and attracts around 150 teams every year, making it the second largest commercial arbitration moot and also a grand slam moot. It uses the same moot problem as the Vis Moot.

Emory University School of Law American law school

Emory University School of Law is the law school of Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia. It is currently ranked #24 among ABA-approved law schools by the 2021 U.S. News & World Report.

The Arbitration Commission of the Conference on Yugoslavia was an arbitration body set up by the Council of Ministers of the European Economic Community (EEC) on 27 August 1991 to provide the Conference on Yugoslavia with legal advice. Robert Badinter was appointed to President of the five-member Commission consisting of presidents of Constitutional Courts in the EEC. The Arbitration Commission has handed down fifteen opinions on "major legal questions" raised by the conflict between several republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY).

Arbitration Mediated dispute resolution method

Arbitration, a form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), is a way to resolve disputes outside the courts. The dispute will be decided by one or more persons, which renders the 'arbitration award'. An arbitration award is legally binding on both sides and enforceable in the courts.

Arbitral tribunal

An arbitral tribunal is a panel of one or more adjudicators which is convened and sits to resolve a dispute by way of arbitration. The tribunal may consist of a sole arbitrator, or there may be two or more arbitrators, which might include either a chairman or an umpire. Members selected to serve on the tribunal are typically professionals with expertise in law and mediation, although some scholars have suggested that the ideal composition of an arbitral tribunal should include at least one economist, particularly in cases that involve questions of asset or damages valuation.

Emmanuel Gaillard is a prominent practicing attorney, a leading authority on international commercial arbitration, and a law professor. He founded and heads the international arbitration practice of the international law firm Shearman & Sterling and frequently acts as an arbitrator in international commercial or investment disputes.

The Israeli Institute of Commercial Arbitration was founded in 1991 by the Federation of Israeli Chambers of Commerce. The IICA is generally considered the leading arbitration institution in Israel.

William W. Park

William W. Park is Professor of Law at Boston University School of Law. His practice and teaching focus on international financial and commercial transactions. He has served as Arbitrator on the Claims Resolution Tribunal for Dormant Accounts in Switzerland and the Appeals Tribunal of the International Commission on Holocaust Era Insurance Claims, and currently sits on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Chapter 14 Financial Services Roster.

The Beijing Arbitration Commission (BAC) is an independent non-profit organization based in Beijing offering services in arbitration, mediation, and other dispute resolution mechanisms. The BAC was established in 1995 following the passage of the Arbitration Law of the People's Republic of China. In accordance with the theories of other ADR channels, the BAC encourages arbitration and mediation forums as "win-win" alternatives to litigation. The BAC serves both domestic and international clients. An article in Business China declared the Beijing Arbitration Commission (BAC) as "the only local arbitration commission which meets or surpasses global standards.”

Albert Jan van den Berg is a founding partner of Hanotiau & van den Berg in Brussels, an Emeritus Professor of Law at the Erasmus University, Rotterdam, a visiting Professor at Georgetown University Law Center, Washington DC and at the University of Tsinghua School of Law, Beijing and a member of the Advisory Board and Faculty of the Geneva Master of Laws in International Dispute Settlement (MIDS), Geneva.

Arbitration Act 1996 United Kingdom legislation

The Arbitration Act 1996 is an Act of Parliament which regulates arbitration proceedings within the jurisdiction of England and Wales and Northern Ireland.

Katalin Ladik

Katalin Ladik is a Hungarian poet, performance artist and actress. She was born in Novi Sad, Yugoslavia and in the last 20 years she has lived and worked alternately in Novi Sad, Serbia, in Budapest, Hungary and on the island of Hvar, Croatia. Parallel to her written poems she also creates sound poems and visual poems, performance art, writes and performs experimental music and audio plays. She is also a performer and an experimental artist. She explores language through visual and vocal expressions, as well as movement and gestures. Her work includes collages, photography, records, performances and happenings in both urban and natural environments.

The Scottish Arbitration Centre is an independent non-profit company in Edinburgh offering arbitration services to domestic and international clients. The Centre exists to promote arbitration in Scotland, and Scotland to the world as a place to conduct international arbitration. It was officially launched by Fergus Ewing MSP, the then Minister for Community Safety on 17 March 2011.

Csongor István Nagy Ph.D., LL.M., S.J.D, dr. juris is a professor of law in Hungary, the head of the Department of Private International Law at the University of Szeged, Faculty of Law, in Szeged, Hungary, research chair and head of the Federal Markets “Momentum” Research Group at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and an attorney-at-law admitted to the Budapest Bar. Furthermore, he is visiting professor at the Central European University, the Sapientia University of Transylvania and the Riga Graduate School of Law. He is associate member at the Centre for Private International Law at the University of Aberdeen. He is admitted to the Budapest Bar and arbitrator at the Court of Arbitration attached to the Hungarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Budapest.

Ilya Nikiforov is a Russian lawyer, founding member and Managing partner at Egorov Puginsky Afanasiev & Partners Law Offices, former lecturer at the Department of Civil Law at Saint Petersburg State University School of Law.

Sean D. Murphy

Sean David Murphy is an American international law scholar currently serving as the Manatt/Ahn Professor of International Law at the George Washington University Law School in Washington, D.C., where he has been teaching since 1998. His primary areas of scholarly research are public international law, foreign affairs and the U.S. Constitution, international organizations, international dispute settlement, and law of the sea. Murphy served for ten years on the Board of Editors of the American Journal of International Law and is a former President of the American Society of International Law. In 2016, the United Nations General Assembly re-elected Murphy to serve as a Member of the U.N. International Law Commission (ILC). He was named by the ILC as Special Rapporteur for Crimes Against Humanity, a topic on which he has lectured widely.


  1. "Tibor Varady - Biography" (PDF). Sanu.ac.rs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2013-09-01.
  2. "Tibor Várady | CEU People". Ceu.hu. Retrieved 2013-09-01.
  3. "Emory Law: More Than Practice: Tibor Varady". Law.emory.edu. Retrieved 2013-09-01.
  4. "Acclaim". Emory.edu. 2008-02-04. Retrieved 2013-09-01.
  5. "Tibor Varady". Caesar.uns.ac.rs. Retrieved 2013-09-01.
  6. "Варади: Косово се бесправно отцепило, али тренутно није део Србије". Politika Online. Retrieved 2021-01-18.