Tiburcio de León

Last updated

General Aquilino Tiburcio de León y Gregorio Tolomeo was a Filipino freedom fighter who was a general during the 1896 Philippine Revolution and the Philippine–American War. [1] He first served under Andrés Bonifacio in the Katipunan, and then, reluctantly, under the revolutionary government formed by Emilio Aguinaldo. [1] [2]

Contents

Biography

Tiburcio was born in 1862 to Pedro de León and Florencia Gregorio in Polo (now Valenzuela), Bulacan. [3]

Gen. T. de Leon, Valenzuela City Gen. T. de Leon, Valenzuela 06.jpg
Gen. T. de Leon, Valenzuela City

"Heneral Tibo", as he was often referred to, is credited for having established units of the Katipunan in the towns of Polo, Obando, Marilao, Meycauayan, Bocaue, Santa Maria, and San Jose del Monte in Bulacan, and of Caloocan, Malabon, Navotas in Bataan.

In August 1896, when Spanish authorities discovered the existence of the Katipunan and moved against it, Bonifacio was away, conferring with de León at Pasong Balite on the outskirts of Bulacan. On learning that the Spanish had uncovered their organization, Bonifacio ordered all Katipuneros to gather at Balintawak, where they announced their rebellion by tearing up their cedulas (residency documents) in what would later be known as the "Cry of Balintawak". [4]

Later, de León's forces were the only unit of the Magdiwang faction of the Katipunan to survive the death of Bonifacio. [2] When Aguinaldo later asked him to commit his forces to the First Philippine Republic, de León was reluctant to do so, being loyal to Bonifacio. He eventually agreed, saying he was doing so only for the sake of the country. He is also known for his role in the Battle of Tullahan River during the Philippine–American War - a battle which enabled the forces of the Aguinaldo government to flee to Northern Luzon. [1]

Memorials

On February 18, 1968, the Sangguniang Nayon (Village Council) of Torres Bugallon signed into law the renaming of their community after Hen. Tiburcio de Leon "bilang karangalan nito sa pagiging bayani ng himagsikan sa panahon ng pamahalaang Kastila" (in recognition of his role as a hero of the revolution during the time of the Spanish Government). After the change in terminologies during the reign of President Marcos, this community is now known as Barangay Hen. Tiburcio de Leon, Valenzuela, Bulacan. The Hen. Tiburcio de Leon Elementary School is also named after him. A stone monument was raised by his comrades (Veteranos de la Revolución) in memory of Heneral Tibo in the town of Timog, Bulacan. [5]


Sources

  1. 1 2 3 Dr. Simplicio de los Santos (January 1999). "Maikling Talambuhay ni Heneral Tiburcio de Leon ng Himagsikan ng 1896 (A Short Biography of General Tiburcio de Leon of the Philippine Revolution of 1896)". Barangay Government, Barangay Hen. Tiburcio de Leon, Valenzuela, Bulacan.{{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. 1 2 Kalaw, Teodoro M. (2003), An Acceptable Holocaust: Life and Death of a Boy - General (Third Printing ed.), Manila: National Historical Institute, ISBN   971-538-021-2
  3. Fr. Mar DJ Arenas (1997). "Valenzuela: Ang Bayani at ang Bayan".{{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. Agapito M. Joaquin (1971). "Chapter Three Section 4. Betrayal". The Role of Kalookan in the Nation's Quest for Freedom. sangandaan.net. Retrieved 2009-07-17.
  5. Edmundo V. Nicolas (8 October 1984). "Ang Kasaysayan ng Mabagang Paaralan ng Hen. Tiburcio de Leon". Barangay Government, Barangay Hen. Tiburcio de Leon, Valenzuela, Bulacan.{{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)


Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Emilio Aguinaldo</span> President of the Philippines from 1899 to 1901

Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy was a Filipino revolutionary, statesman, and military leader who is the youngest president of the Philippines (1899–1901) and became the first president of the Philippines and of an Asian constitutional republic. He led the Philippine forces first against Spain in the Philippine Revolution (1896–1898), then in the Spanish–American War (1898), and finally against the United States during the Philippine–American War (1899–1901).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Katipunan</span> 1892–1897 Philippine revolutionary society against Spanish rule

The Katipunan, officially known as the Kataastaasang, Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan or Kataastaasan Kagalang-galang na Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan, was a Philippine revolutionary society founded by anti-Spanish colonialist Filipinos in Manila in 1892; its primary goal was to gain independence from Spain through a revolution.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Andrés Bonifacio</span> Filipino revolutionaries of the unity of the Philippines (1863–1897)

Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro was a Filipino Freemason and revolutionary leader. He is often called "The Father of the Philippine Revolution", and considered one of the national heroes of the Philippines. He was one of the founders and later the Kataastaasang Pangulo of the Kataastaasan, Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan or more commonly known as the "Katipunan", a movement which sought the independence of the Philippines from Spanish colonial rule and started the Tagalog Revolution. With the onset of the Revolution, Bonifacio reorganized the Katipunan into a revolutionary government, with himself as President (Pangulo) of a nation-state called "Haring Bayang Katagalugan", also "Republika ng Katagaluguan", where in "Tagalog" referred to all those born in the Philippine islands and not merely the Tagalog ethnic group. Hence, some historians have argued that he should be considered the First President of the Tagalogs instead of the Philippines; that is why he is not included in the current official line of succession.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Valenzuela, Metro Manila</span> Highly urbanized city in Metro Manila, Philippines

Valenzuela, officially the City of Valenzuela, is a 1st class highly urbanized city in the National Capital Region of the Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 714,978 people.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Philippine Revolution</span> 1896–98 Failed conflict against Spanish colonial authorities

The Philippine Revolution was a conflict waged by the Filipino revolutionaries against the Spanish colonial authorities in an attempt to win the archipelago's independence.

Tagalog Republic is a term used to refer to two revolutionary governments involved in the Philippine Revolution against the Spanish Empire and the Philippine–American War. Both were connected to the Katipunan revolutionary movement.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mariano Álvarez</span>

Mariano M. Álvarez was a Filipino revolutionary and statesman.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite</span>

The Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite were Filipino patriots in Cavite, Philippines who were executed by musketry on September 12, 1896, for cooperating with the Katipunan during the Philippine Revolution against Spain. The de facto capital city of Trece Martires in Cavite is named after them.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Deodato Arellano</span> Filipino propagandist

Deodato Arellano y de la Cruz was a Filipino propagandist and the first president of the Katipunan, which was founded at his home in Azcarraga Street, Manila. He was first to be given the title Supremo by the Katipunan. After studying bookkeeping in Ateneo de Municipal de Manila, he became an assistant clerk for the Spanish military. He was a member of the Freemasonry in the Philippines and became involved in the Propaganda Movement.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pío Valenzuela</span>

Pío Valenzuela y Alejandrino was a Filipino physician and revolutionary leader. At the age of 23, he joined the society of Katipunan, a movement which sought the independence of the Philippines from Spanish colonial rule and started the Philippine Revolution. Together with Andrés Bonifacio and Emilio Jacinto, they formed the secret chamber of the society called Camara Reina. He took charge of the publication of Ang Kalayaan, Katipunan's first and only official publication. He was the one who tried to convince the exiled José Rizal to join the revolutionary movement.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cry of Pugad Lawin</span> First act in the Philippine Revolution

The Cry of Pugad Lawin was the beginning of the Philippine Revolution against the Spanish Empire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Emilio Jacinto</span> Filipino revolutionary

Emilio Jacinto y Dizon was a Filipino general during the Philippine Revolution. He was one of the highest-ranking officers in the Philippine Revolution and was one of the highest-ranking officers of the revolutionary society Kataas-taasang, Kagalang-galang na Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan, or simply and more popularly called Katipunan, being a member of its Supreme Council. He was elected Secretary of State for the Haring Bayang Katagalugan, a revolutionary government established during the outbreak of hostilities. He is popularly known in Philippine history textbooks as the Brains of the Katipunan while some contend he should be rightfully recognized as the "Brains of the Revolution". Jacinto was present in the so-called Cry of Pugad Lawin with Andrés Bonifacio, the Supremo of the Katipunan, and others of its members which signaled the start of the Revolution against the Spanish colonial government in the islands.

Procopio Bonifacio y de Castro was a Filipino independence activist and revolutionary during the Philippine Revolution of 1896 against Spain. He was a member of the secret revolutionary society turned revolutionary government Katipunan with his other siblings Ciriaco and Espiridiona. His eldest brother Andrés Bonifacio was one of the founders and, eventually, president of the Katipunan.

<i>El Presidente</i> (film) 2012 Filipino film

El Presidente: General Emilio Aguinaldo Story and the First Philippine Republic, or simply El Presidente, is a 2012 biographical film written and directed by Mark Meily about the life of General Emilio Aguinaldo, the first president of the Philippine Republic. The film stars Jeorge "E.R." Ejercito Estregan in the title role, along with Nora Aunor, Christopher de Leon, Cristine Reyes, and Cesar Montano.

<i>Bonifacio: Ang Unang Pangulo</i> 2014 Filipino film

Bonifacio: Ang Unang Pangulo is a 2014 Philippine historical action drama film centering on the life of Katipunan revolutionary Andres Bonifacio. It was an official entry to the 40th Metro Manila Film Festival.

This is the timeline of the El Filibusterismo . It contains details before and after public of El Filibusterismo.

<i>Goyo: The Boy General</i> 2018 Filipino film

Goyo: The Boy General, or simply Goyo, is a 2018 Filipino epic war film starring Paulo Avelino as the titular "Boy General", Gregorio del Pilar, who fought and died at the Battle of Tirad Pass during the Philippine–American War. It was written, directed, edited, and scored by Jerrold Tarog, and is a sequel to the 2015 film Heneral Luna, which chronicled Antonio Luna's life. Additional members of the ensemble cast include Carlo Aquino, Mon Confiado, Epy Quizon, Gwen Zamora, Empress Schuck, Alvin Anson, and Rafa Siguion-Reyna. It was released on September 5, 2018.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Napindan Lighthouse</span> Lighthouse

The Napindan Lighthouse was a lighthouse in Taguig, Rizal. It served as a meeting point for the Katipunan, a revolutionary group that led the Philippine Independence movement. It was destroyed during the Philippine–American War.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Monument to the Heroes of 1896</span> Monument in Quezon City dedicated to the Philippine Revolution

The Monument to the Heroes of 1896 is a sculpture created in 1911 dedicated to the Philippine Revolution.