Ticao Island

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Ticao
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Ticao
Location within the Philippines
Geography
Coordinates 12°31′45″N123°41′53″E / 12.52917°N 123.69806°E / 12.52917; 123.69806 Coordinates: 12°31′45″N123°41′53″E / 12.52917°N 123.69806°E / 12.52917; 123.69806
Adjacent bodies of water
Area334 km2 (129 sq mi)
Highest elevation490 m (1,610 ft)
Administration
Region Bicol Region
Province Masbate
Municipalities
Demographics
Population95,129 (as of 2015)
Ethnic groups

Ticao Island, is an island with a total land area of (334 km2 or 129 sq mi) is one of the three major islands of Masbate province in the Philippines. It is separated from the Bicol Peninsula by the Ticao Pass. The other two major islands are Masbate Island (3,290 km2 or 1,270 sq mi) and Burias Island (424 km2 or 164 sq mi). [1]

The island is divided into the municipalities of Batuan, Monreal, San Fernando and its mother-town, San Jacinto.

San Miguel Island is located "just off the northern tip" of Ticao Island. [2]

Archaeological and Ecological Landscape and Seascape of Ticao

Isla Ticao iti Masbate (Image by Denica Daniel Catapat licensed under CC-BY-SA 4.0) Beauty of Ticao Island.jpg
Isla Ticao iti Masbate (Image by Denica Daniel Catapat licensed under CC-BY-SA 4.0)

Ticao island is known as an archaeological landscape, possessing thousands of pre-colonial artifacts such as the Baybayin-inscribed Rizal Stone, Ticao gold spike teeth, Burial jars of varying designs and sizes, jade beads, human face rock statues, and the Ticao petrographs. Much of the homes in Ticao island use these archaeological finds to design their interiors. The island is also an ecological frontier for the conservation of manta rays. The island also possesses a 'rare subspecies' of Visayan warty pig, that is almost near extinction. Penelopidespanini ssp. ticaensis or the Ticao Hornbill was a subspecies of the Visayan Hornbill (Penelopides panini) known to occur only in Ticao Island. It is likely extinct in the island due to deforestation and habitat conversion.

Related Research Articles

Hornbill family of birds

The hornbills (Bucerotidae) are a family of bird found in tropical and subtropical Africa, Asia and Melanesia. They are characterized by a long, down-curved bill which is frequently brightly colored and sometimes has a casque on the upper mandible. Both the common English and the scientific name of the family refer to the shape of the bill, "buceros" being "cow horn" in Greek. Hornbills have a two-lobed kidney. They are the only birds in which the first and second neck vertebrae are fused together; this probably provides a more stable platform for carrying the bill. The family is omnivorous, feeding on fruit and small animals. They are monogamous breeders nesting in natural cavities in trees and sometimes cliffs. A number of mainly insular species of hornbill with small ranges are threatened with extinction, namely in Southeast Asia. In the Neotropical realm, toucans occupy the hornbills' ecological niche, an example of convergent evolution.

Masbate Province in Bicol Region, Philippines

Masbate, officially the Province of Masbate, is an island province in the Philippines located near the midsection of the nation's archipelago. Its provincial capital is Masbate City. The province consists of three major islands: Masbate, Ticao and Burias.

<i>Penelopides</i> genus of hornbills

Penelopides is the genus of relatively small, primarily frugivorous hornbills restricted to forested areas of the Philippines. Their common name, tarictic hornbills, is an onomatopoetic reference to the main call of several of them. They have a ridged plate-like structure on the base of their mandible. All are sexually dimorphic: males of all species are whitish-buff and black, while females of all except the Mindoro hornbill are primarily black.

Visayan hornbill species of bird

The Visayan hornbill is a hornbill found in rainforests on the islands of Panay, Negros, Masbate, and Guimaras, and formerly Ticao, in the Philippines. It formerly included all other Philippine tarictic hornbills as subspecies, in which case the common name of the 'combined species' was shortened to tarictic hornbill.

Mindanao hornbill species of bird

The Mindanao hornbill, sometimes called the Mindanao tarictic hornbill, is a medium-small species of hornbill found in the canopy of rainforests on Mindanao, Dinagat, Siargao and Basilan in the southern Philippines. As is the case with all Philippine tarictic hornbills, it has been considered a subspecies of P. panini. The Samar hornbill is often included as a subspecies of the Mindanao hornbill.

Masbate Island island in the Philippines and mainland of the province of Masbate

Masbate Island is the largest of three major islands of Masbate Province in the Philippines. The other two major islands are Ticao Island and Burias Island. It is the 11th largest island in the Philippines and the world's 155th largest island by area and the world's 70th most populous island.

Burias (island) island in the Philippines

Burias Island is one of the three major islands of Masbate province in the Philippines. It is separated from the Bicol Peninsula by the Burias Pass. The other two major islands are Ticao Island and Masbate Island. The Island has two municipalities, Claveria and San Pascual.

Aroroy Municipality in Bicol Region, Philippines

Aroroy, officially the Municipality of Aroroy, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Masbate, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 86,168 people. The town is known for the Kalanay Cave, one of the most important archaeological sites in Masbate province.

Batuan, Masbate Municipality in Bicol Region, Philippines

Batuan, officially the Municipality of Batuan, is a 5th class municipality in the province of Masbate, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 15,086 people.

Monreal, Masbate Municipality in Bicol Region, Philippines

Monreal, officially the Municipality of Monreal, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Masbate, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 26,614 people.

San Fernando, Masbate Municipality in Bicol Region, Philippines

San Fernando, officially the Municipality of San Fernando, is a 5th class municipality in the province of Masbate, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 23,057 people.

San Jacinto, Masbate Municipality in Bicol Region, Philippines

San Jacinto, officially the Municipality of San Jacinto, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Masbate, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 30,372 people.

Samar Sea sea in the Philippines

The Samar Sea is a small sea within the Philippine archipelago, situated between the Bicol Region of Luzon and the Eastern Visayas.

Visayan warty pig species of mammal

The Visayan warty pig is a critically endangered species in the pig genus (Sus). It is endemic to six of the Visayan Islands in the central Philippines. It is known by many names in the region with most translating into 'wild pig': baboy ihalas, baboy talonon, and baboy sulop

Luzon hornbill species of bird

The Luzon hornbill, sometimes called Luzon tarictic hornbill, is a species of hornbill in the family Bucerotidae. It is endemic to forests on Luzon and nearby islands in the northern Philippines. As is the case with all Philippine tarictic hornbills, it has been considered a subspecies of P. panini.

The Mindoro hornbill is a species of hornbill in the family Bucerotidae. It is endemic to forests on Mindoro in the Philippines. As is the case with all Philippine tarictic hornbills, it has been considered a subspecies of P. panini. It is the only tarictic hornbill where both sexes are creamy-white and black. The sexes are very similar, differing primarily in the colour of the ocular ring. It is threatened by habitat loss, and is consequently considered endangered by the IUCN. It is considered a frugivore for its diet mainly consists of fruit.

The Samar hornbill is a species of hornbill in the family Bucerotidae. It is found in forests on the islands of Samar, Calicoan, Leyte and Bohol in the east-central Philippines. As is the case with all Philippine tarictic hornbills, it has been considered a subspecies of P. panini. Alternatively, it is considered a subspecies of P. affinis.

Negros Island island in the Philippines

Negros is the fourth largest island of the Philippines, with a land area of 13,309.60 km2 (5,138.87 sq mi). Negros is one of the many islands that comprise the Visayas, in the central part of the country. The predominant inhabitants of the island region are mainly called Negrenses. As of 2015, the total population of Negros is 4,414,131.

Bikol languages Language family

The Bikol languages or Bicolano languages are a group of Central Philippine languages spoken mostly in the Bicol Peninsula in the island of Luzon, the neighboring island province of Catanduanes and the island of Burias in Masbate. There is a dialect continuum between the Visayan languages and the Bikol languages; the two together are called the Bisakol languages.

San Miguel Island is an island under the jurisdiction of the Philippine province of Masbate. The island has a lighthouse mounted atop a concrete tower. San Miguel Island is located "just off the northern tip" of Ticao Island.

References

  1. Ticao Island - Lonely Planet
  2. Rowthorn, C.; Bloom, G. (2006). Philippines . City guide. Lonely Planet. p.  347. ISBN   978-1-74104-289-4.