Tichilești, Tulcea

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Tichileşti is a leper colony in Isaccea, Tulcea County, Romania, having 10 inhabitants in 2018. [1] Although officially a hospital, Tichileşti appears to be more like a small village, and is formally administered as a village by Isaccea. Tichileşti was founded as a monastery, in 1875 becoming a leper colony.

Contents

Name

Tichilești's name is derived from the Turkish name of the settlement, Tekeli is derived from the Turkish word teke , meaning "he-goat". [2]

History

Tichileşti was founded as a monastery, in 1875 becoming a leper colony. [3] A legend says the monastery was founded by one of the Cantacuzino princesses who was affected by leprosy. Another theory of the history the settlement is that a group of Russian refugees (see Lipovans) settled there and founded the monastery, but soon became outlaws who were eventually caught. [4]

In 1918, for unknown reasons, a part of the lepers moved to Largeanca, near the Bessarabian town of Ismail, while the rest of them being allegedly killed and their bodies being burned or thrown in a lime pit. [4]

Following a 1926 newspaper article by F. Brunea-Fox, a journalist who lived with the lepers for three weeks, a hospital was built in 1928 at the monastery. [4] The houses and the central courtyard were built in the 1930s. [3]

In July 1932, a group of 25 starving lepers from Tichileşti threatened to march to Bucharest and entered the town of Isaccea demanding food. Local grocers and farmers had stopped supplying them food because the government had not been providing funding. The Isacceans barred their houses until the military escorted the lepers back to their colony. [5]

Initially, the lepers were not allowed to leave the colony. This changed in 1991, but many residents, who had lived most of their lives in the colony, continued living there. [6]

European Union funds came to Tichileşti in the decade following the year 2000, and they were able to install bathrooms, refrigerators, and satellite television, and to put air-conditioners in the canteen. [3]

Demographics

The last case of leprosy in Romania was diagnosed in 1981 and the age of the patients in Tichileşti in 2002 ranged between 37 and 90, [7] most of them having an age of more than 60 years. [4] In Tichileşti there are two churches, one Orthodox and one Baptist. [6]

A cure for leprosy has been known for a long time, however the disease was too advanced for these people who live in Tichileşti. As a result they were not cured but it made it no longer contagious. [8]

Population

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References

  1. "Angajații singurului SPITAL DE LEPROȘI din țară: Îi rugăm pe oameni să le dăruiască VARZĂ și CASTRAVEȚI. Statul alocă 11 LEI PE ZI pentru hrana fiecărui bolnav". Gândul (in Romanian). 2018-09-27. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  2. Laura-Diana Cizer, Toponimia județului Tulcea. Considerații sincronice și diacronice, Editura Lumen, 2012, ISBN   9789731663098, p.224
  3. 1 2 3 Roger Boyes, "Europe's last outcasts of a biblical terror", The Times 1 November 2003
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 "Ultimul lazaret", in Ziua March 21, 2006
  5. "Starving Lepers Invade Town and Terror Rules", in The Washington Post , July 4, 1932
  6. 1 2 "Europe's last leper colony lives on", BBC, November 6, 2001
  7. "Romania: Despite Years Of Illness And Neglect, Lepers Still Have A Place To Call Home", RFE/RL, November 2002
  8. Justin Huggler, "In foreign parts: Tichilesti - Last lepers in Europe share out", in The Independent January 6, 2001
  9. "Leprozeria de la Tichilesti iese din izolare" in Averea 7 July 2005
  10. Mihnea Petru Pârvu, "Inside Europe last leper’s colony", in Presseurop September 12, 2011
  11. Nedelcoff, Anamaria (2019-08-09). "Tichilești: Viața ultimilor bolnavi de lepră din România". Ziarul de Investigații (in Romanian). Retrieved 2021-02-05.

Coordinates: 45°15′47″N28°21′28″E / 45.26306°N 28.35778°E / 45.26306; 28.35778