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Tichkematse, also called "Squint Eyes" or Quchkeimus (1857–1932) (Cheyenne), was an artist and collector who worked for the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC between 1879 and 1881. [1]


He is known for his ledger art, begun in the period from 1875 to 1878 while he was held as a prisoner of war at Fort Marion in Florida. He continued to make ledger art after his release. His work is part of the Smithsonian Institution collection and it published a book of his drawings.

He also was known for his expertise as a collector of bird and mammal specimens, and Cheyenne crafts. During this period, he also worked with anthropologist Frank Hamilton Cushing in documenting Plains Indian Sign Language. [2]


"Meeting between Comanche and Cheyenne Warriors." Drawing by Tichkematse (1879). Comanche-Cheyenne Ledger Drawing.jpg
"Meeting between Comanche and Cheyenne Warriors." Drawing by Tichkematse (1879).

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  1. Tichkematse (1887). Tichkematse book of drawings, 1887 April . Retrieved 2014-01-26.
  2. Greene, Candace S. "Tichkematse: A Cheyenne at the Smithsonian". Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Archived from the original on 2013-10-02. Retrieved 2014-01-26.

Further reading