Tidal (king)

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King of Goiim
House Goiim [1]

Tidal (Hebrew : תִּדְעָל, Modern: Tīdʿal, Tiberian: Tīḏʿāl), king of Goyim, possibly a Hittite king, was a monarch mentioned in Genesis 14:1. Genesis describes Tidal as one of the four kings who fought Abraham in the Battle of Siddim.


The word goyim in biblical Hebrew can be translated as "nations" or "peoples" or "ethnic groups" (in modern Hebrew it means "Gentiles"), although biblical scholars suggest that in this verse it may instead be a reference to the region of Gutium. [2] According to Genesis Apocryphon(col. 21), Goyim was located in the land between the two rivers (i.e., Mesopotamia).

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  1. "Genesis 14 NIV - Abram Rescues Lot - At the time when". Bible Gateway. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
  2. Frank Moore Colby; Talcott Williams (1917). The New International Encyclopædia. Dodd, Mead and Company. p. 264.
  3. Adam Simon van der Woude; Adrianus van Selms (1968). Adhuc Loquitur. E. J. Brill. p. 36.