Tidenham

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Tidenham
Tidenhan Church. - geograph.org.uk - 243378.jpg
Tidenham Church
Gloucestershire UK location map.svg
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Tidenham
Location within Gloucestershire
Population5,486 
OS grid reference ST5558695942
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CHEPSTOW
Postcode district NP16
Dialling code 01291
Police Gloucestershire
Fire Gloucestershire
Ambulance South Western
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Gloucestershire
51°39′38″N2°38′37″W / 51.6605°N 2.6435°W / 51.6605; -2.6435 Coordinates: 51°39′38″N2°38′37″W / 51.6605°N 2.6435°W / 51.6605; -2.6435

Tidenham ( /ˈtɪdənəm/ ) [1] is a village and civil parish in the Forest of Dean of west Gloucestershire, England, adjoining the Welsh border. Tidenham is bounded by the River Wye (which forms the Welsh border) to the west and the River Severn to the south. Offa's Dyke runs through the western part of the parish, terminating at Sedbury cliff above the River Severn.

Contents

History

The village, once known as Dyddanhamme, is one of the most heavily documented Saxon villages in Britain and has been home to a grand manor of some kind since at least the 6th century AD. The Saxon structure was owned by the Abbot of Bath, who retained some of the documents on what was then an important location until the Dissolution of the Monasteries. The current Tidenham Manor, built in 2005 in the Palladian style, [2] overlooks the river and is adjacent to the Norman parish church of St Mary’s and St Peter’s. [3]

Geography

The parish includes the villages of Tidenham, Beachley, Sedbury, Tutshill and Woodcroft, the hamlets of Boughspring, Stroat and Wibdon, and the deserted village of Lancaut. According to the United Kingdom Census 2001 the parish had a population of 5,316, increasing to 5,486 at the 2011 census. [4] Tidenham, Beachley and Woolaston were added to Gloucestershire by the first Act of Union of England and Wales in 1536; previously they had been part of the Marcher lordship of Striguil.

The stretch of the Wye Valley lying within the parish includes several popular rock climbing cliffs at Wintour's Leap near Woodcroft and the Devil's Pulpit, a famous rock formation and viewpoint overlooking Tintern Abbey. The parish also contains Tidenham Chase - the largest remaining fragment of lowland heathland in Gloucestershire. Also notable is the former Dayhouse Quarry which, after providing traffic for the remaining fragment of the former railway to Monmouth, is now home to the National Diving and Activity Centre. [5]

Miss Grace's Lane is a natural cave system approximately 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) long and is the second-longest cave in the Forest of Dean area. [6]

Located as it is between the Wye and Severn the area has always been important as a site for crossing these rivers. Historically ferries crossed the River Severn from Beachley to Aust and now this route is followed by the Severn Bridge one of whose piers stands on the Beachley peninsula although the bridge itself begins in Wales. From Roman times the River Wye has been bridged between Tutshill and Chepstow.

The area was previously served by Tidenham railway station on the Wye Valley Railway. The railway, which once ran from Chepstow through Tintern up the Wye Valley, and joined the mainline near Tidenham, was closed in 1959 and was later the centre of several failed attempts to re-open it. In 2021 the route, known as the Wye Valley Greenway and including a 1 kilometre (0.6 mi) tunnel, was opened for walkers and cyclists. [7] [8]

Governance

An electoral ward in the same name exists. The population and area of the ward is identical to the parish quoted above.

Railways

The area is served by Chepstow railway station on the Gloucester to Newport Line.

Related Research Articles

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chepstow</span> Human settlement in Wales

Chepstow is a town and community in Monmouthshire, Wales, adjoining the border with Gloucestershire, England. It is located on the tidal River Wye, about 2 miles (3.2 km) above its confluence with the River Severn, and adjoining the western end of the Severn Bridge. It is the easternmost settlement in Wales, situated 16 miles (26 km) east of Newport, 28 miles (45 km) east-northeast of Cardiff, 18 miles (29 km) northwest of Bristol and 110 miles (180 km) west of London.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Beachley</span> Human settlement in England

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">St Briavels</span> Village and civil parish in Gloucestershire, England

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sedbury</span> Human settlement in England

Sedbury is a village in the Forest of Dean district of west Gloucestershire, England. It is located on the eastern bank of the River Wye, facing the town of Chepstow in Monmouthshire. The village is in the parish of Tidenham. It had a population of 3,535. Nearby are the villages of Tutshill, Woodcroft and Beachley.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aust Ferry</span> River crossing

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">A466 road</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Woolaston</span> Human settlement in England

Woolaston is a village and civil parish in the Forest of Dean district of Gloucestershire in South West England. It lies on the north side of the Severn Estuary approximately 5 miles from the Welsh border at Chepstow and is surrounded by woodland and agricultural land.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tutshill</span> Human settlement in England

Tutshill is a village within the parish of Tidenham in the Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire, England. It is located on the eastern bank of the River Wye, which forms the boundary with Monmouthshire at this point and which separates the village from the town of Chepstow. The village of Woodcroft adjoins Tutshill to the north, and across the A48 road to the south is the village of Sedbury. A short walk over the river is Chepstow railway station on the Gloucester–Newport line.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brockweir</span> Human settlement in England

Brockweir is a village in Hewelsfield and Brockweir civil parish, in the Forest of Dean District of Gloucestershire, England. The civil parish also includes the separate village of Hewelsfield.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wye Valley Railway</span> Disused railway in England and Wales

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hewelsfield</span> Human settlement in England

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Woodcroft, Gloucestershire</span> Human settlement in England

Woodcroft is a small village in the Forest of Dean district of Gloucestershire, England. It is located on the eastern bank of the River Wye, opposite Piercefield House, two miles north of the Welsh town of Chepstow. The village is immediately north of Tutshill, within the parish of Tidenham. The population in 2011 was 284.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lancaut</span> Human settlement in England

Lancaut is a deserted village and former civil parish, now in the parish of Tidenham, in the Forest of Dean district, in Gloucestershire, England, located alongside the River Wye, around two miles north of Chepstow. It occupies a narrow-necked promontory formed by a curve of the river, which acts as the border between England and Wales. Little remains of the village today, except for the roofless church of St. James.

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References

  1. G.M. Miller, BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names (Oxford UP, 1971), p. 148.
  2. Millie Reeves, "A look inside the regal country manor that's actually a new build", Bristol Post, 25 March 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2021
  3. Historic England. "Church of St Mary and St Peter (Grade II*) (1366270)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  4. "Parish population 2011" . Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  5. National Diving & Activity Centre. Retrieved 23 August 2021
  6. "Royal Forest of Dean Caving Club" . Retrieved 5 January 2014.
  7. Dan Barnes, "Tidenham Tunnel to open as Wye greenway work concludes", South Wales Argus, 31 march 2021. Retrieved 23 August 2021
  8. Wye Valley Greenway. Retrieved 23 August 2021