Last updated
Map of Banc d'Arguin including Tidra Island and Arguin Arguin map.jpg
Map of Banc d'Arguin including Tidra Island and Arguin
Banc d'Arguin from orbit, 2019 Bancdarguin oli 2019362.jpg
Banc d'Arguin from orbit, 2019

Tidra (Arabic : تيدرة) is an offshore island 29 kilometres (18 miles) long and 8 km (5 mi) wide. It is the largest island off the shore of Banc d' Arguin, Mauritania (also being the largest in the nation) and is home to a community of Imraguen fishing tribe. The island is part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.

Nearby islands and islets include Nair to the north, Cheddid to the southwest and Kijji to the west, the peninsula (then island) of Serenni lies to the east together with mainland Mauritania roughly 2 to 3 km, nearby towns across in the mainland includes Iwik to the northeast and Tessot to the east.

During the prehistoric era, Tidra was once connected to the mainland until some 6,000 to 5,000 years ago when the rise of the sea level split it from the mainland.

Abdallah ibn Yasin founded a ribat (military refuge) in 1035 which was the origin of the Almoravid Dynasty. [1]

Related Research Articles

Eurasian spoonbill Species of bird

The Eurasian spoonbill, or common spoonbill, is a wading bird of the ibis and spoonbill family Threskiornithidae. The genus name Platalea is from Latin and means "broad", referring to the distinctive shape of the bill, and leucorodia is from Ancient Greek leukerodios "spoonbill", itself derived from leukos, "white" and erodios "heron". In England it was traditionally known as the "shovelard", a name later used for the Northern Shoveller.

Dakhlet Nouadhibou Region region of Mauritania

Dakhlet Nouadhibou Region is an administrative division of Mauritania. Its regional capital is Nouadhibou, which is located at its northwestern end and is home to nearly 95% of the region's population. The rest of the shoreline is sparsely populated with villages, but the east of the region is mostly uninhabited.

Imeraguen is a spurious, unclassified language spoken by the Imraguen people who inhabit coastal Mauritania. Ethnologue reports that the language is possibly a variety of Hassaniya Arabic structured on an Azer (Soninke) base. Fortier, Corinne 2004 instead reported that the language was Hassaniya Arabic with some special vocabulary related to fishing, which were seen to derive from Berber and not Azer. They cited the specific vocabulary and stated that there was no historical evidence that Imraguen had an origin in Azer.

Bay of Arguin

The Bay of Arguin is a bay on the Atlantic shore of Mauritania.


Arguin is an island off the western coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin. It is approximately 6x2 km in size, with extensive and dangerous reefs around it. The island is now part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park.

Banc dArguin National Park

The Banc d'Arguin National Park of Bay of Arguin lies in Western Africa on the west coast of Mauritania between Nouakchott and Nouadhibou. The World Heritage Site is a major breeding site for migratory birds, including flamingos, broad-billed sandpipers, pelicans and terns. Much of the breeding is on sand banks including the islands of Tidra, Niroumi, Nair, Kijji and Arguim. The surrounding waters are some of the richest fishing waters in western Africa and serve as nesting grounds for the entire western region.

The Imraguen, or Imeraguen, are an ethnic group or tribe of Mauritania and Western Sahara. They were estimated at around 5,000 individuals in the 1970s. Most members of the group live in fishing villages in the Banc d'Arguin National Park, located on the Atlantic coast of Mauritania.

Nair is a small offshore island off the Banc d'Arguin National Park, Mauritania.

Kiji is a small offshore island off the coast of The Banc d'Arguin National Park, Mauritania. The island is uninhabited. The area is 13,5 km² and its length is 7.8 km and its width is 2.2 km.

Mauretania's wildlife has two main influences as the country lies in two Biogeographic realms, the north sits in the Palearctic which extends south from the Sahara to roughly 19° North and the south in the Afrotropic realms. Additionally Mauritania is important for numerous birds which migrate from the Palearctic to winter there.

Iouik Place in Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Mauritania

Iouik, also spelled Iwik, is a coastal town in western Mauritania. Located in the Banc d'Arguin National Park within the Dakhlet Nouadhibou region, it sits on a small peninsula.

Tanoudert Place in Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Mauritania

Tanoudert is a coastal town in Mauritania. It is located in the Dakhlet Nouadhibou region and forms a part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park. It is situated to a homonymous bay lying to the west and further west is Cape Tagarit (Cap-Tagair).

The East Atlantic Flyway is a migration route used by about 90 million birds annually, passing from their breeding areas in United States Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Siberia and northern Europe to wintering areas in western Europe and on to southern Africa. It is one of the eight major flyways used by waders and shorebirds. The migrants follow a great circle route, which is shorter although more challenging. When avoiding the barriers created by the Sahara Desert and Atlas Mountains, European honey buzzards were found to overcompensate for the winds they expected to encounter, and take a longer route than was necessary.

Geography of Greece

Greece is a country of the Balkans, in Southeastern Europe, bordered to the north by Albania, North Macedonia and Bulgaria; to the east by Turkey, and is surrounded to the east by the Aegean Sea, to the south by the Cretan and the Libyan Seas, and to the west by the Ionian Sea which separates Greece from Italy.

Gibberula miliaria is a species of very small sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk or micromollusk in the family Cystiscidae.

Lançarote de Freitas, better known as Lançarote de Lagos or Lançarote da Ilha, was a 15th-century Portuguese explorer and slave trader from Lagos, Portugal. He was the leader of two large Portuguese slaving raids on the West African coast in 1444–46.

Diogo Afonso was a Portuguese explorer

Diogo Afonso was a Portuguese explorer.

Kiaone are two offshore sandy islets in the Bay of Arguin, Mauritania, the islet is very small. The large islet is 1.2 km to 300 meters long and 12 to 15 meters wide, the smaller one named Petite Kiaone is 450 meters long and 50 meters wide. The island is part of the Banc d'Arguin National Park. During low tilde the islets form a large single island. The islet is not populated.

Khatt Atui Wadi in Western Sahara and Mauritania

Khatt Atui is a wadi in North Africa. This dry riverbed begins near Aousserd in the disputed territory of Western Sahara and runs southwest through the Dakhlet Nouadhibou and Inchiri Regions of Mauritania, ending at the Baie d'Aouati on the Atlantic coast east of Iouik, Mauritania in Banc d'Arguin National Park.