Tiefencastel

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Tiefencastel
Tiefencastel Dorf.jpg
Tiefencastel wappen.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Tiefencastel
Tiefencastel
Switzerland adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tiefencastel
Reliefkarte Graubunden blank.png
Red pog.svg
Tiefencastel
Coordinates: 46°39′N9°34′E / 46.650°N 9.567°E / 46.650; 9.567 Coordinates: 46°39′N9°34′E / 46.650°N 9.567°E / 46.650; 9.567
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Albula
Area
  Total14.85 km2 (5.73 sq mi)
Elevation
(Suloms)
884 m (2,900 ft)
Population
 (Dec 2013)
  Total254
  Density17/km2 (44/sq mi)
Postal code
7450
SFOS number 3505
Surrounded by Alvaneu, Alvaschein, Brienz/Brinzauls, Cunter, Filisur, Mon, Riom-Parsonz, Savognin, Stierva, Surava
Website www.albula-alvra.ch
SFSO statistics

Tiefencastel (Romansh : Casti) is a village and a former municipality in the district of Albula in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. On 1 January 2015 the former municipalities of Alvaschein, Mon, Stierva, Tiefencastel, Alvaneu, Brienz/Brinzauls and Surava merged to form the new municipality of Albula/Alvra. [1]

Contents

History

Tiefencastel is first mentioned in 831 as in Castello Impitinis. Starting around in the 14th Century it was known as Tüffenkasten. [2]

Geography

Village of Tiefencastel from the west Tiefencastel west.jpg
Village of Tiefencastel from the west
Aerial view (1947) ETH-BIB-Tiefencastel, Mont Julier, Tiefenkastel-LBS H1-010123.tif
Aerial view (1947)

Before the merger, Tiefencastel had a total area of 14.9 km2 (5.8 sq mi). [3] Of this area, 20.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 49.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 3.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (27%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). [3]

It was the capital of the Albula district. The former municipality is located at the foot of the Albula and Julier passes.

Demographics

Tiefencastel had a population (as of 2013) of 254. [3] As of 2008, 15.7% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -2.2%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (58.3%), with Romansh being second most common language (37.8%) and Italian the third ( 1.3%). [3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 49.6% male and 50.4% female. [4] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Tiefencastel is; 37 people or 16.1% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 16 people or 7.0% are 10 to 14, and 8 people or 3.5% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 23 people or 10.0% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 36 people or 15.7% are 30 to 39, 36 people or 15.7% are 40 to 49, and 27 people or 11.7% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 25 people or 10.9% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 15 people or 6.5% are 70 to 79, there are 6 people or 2.6% who are 80 to 89, and there are 1 people or 0.4% who are 90 to 99. [5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 42.5% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (30.9%), the SPS (13.6%) and the FDP (12.8%). [3]

In Tiefencastel about 69.6% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule ). [3]

Tiefencastel has an unemployment rate of 1.93%. As of 2005, there were 7 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 3 businesses involved in this sector. 73 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 8 businesses in this sector. 133 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 29 businesses in this sector. [3]

The historical population is given in the following table: [2] [4]

yearpopulation
1850135
1880209
1900257
1950327
1960306
1970310
1980277
1990239
2000241
2010269

Climate

Tiefencastel has an average of 98.6 days of rain per year and on average receives 784 mm (30.9 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is August during which time Tiefencastel receives an average of 110 mm (4.3 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 10.8 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is June, with an average of 11.3, but with only 92 mm (3.6 in) of precipitation. The driest month of the year is February with an average of 35 mm (1.4 in) of precipitation over 10.8 days. [6]

Heritage sites of national significance

Parish church of St. Stefan/S. Stefan Pfarrkirche Tiefencastel.jpg
Parish church of St. Stefan/S. Stefan

The Church of St. Stefan/S. Stefan is listed as a Swiss heritage sites of national significance. [7] The church was first mentioned in 1343. In 1650 it was rebuilt and expanded by the Capuchin monks. During this renovation it was given extensive wood carvings and paintings.

Transportation

Rhaetian Railway operates trains to Tiefencastel (Rhaetian Railway station). On 13 August 2014, a passenger train was struck by a landslide and derailed a kilometre west of the station. Eleven people were injured.

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References

  1. Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 2 January 2013
  2. 1 2 Tiefencastel in German , French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland .
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 15 January 2015
  4. 1 2 Graubunden in Numbers Archived 2009-09-24 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 2009-08-27 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Archived from the original on 27 June 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2009., the weather station elevation is 885 meters above sea level.
  7. Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 2009-05-01 at the Wayback Machine 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 25-Sep-2009