Tiefwarensee Ice Age Trail

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The Tiefwarensee Ice Age Trail (German : Eiszeitlehrpfad Tiefwarensee) runs around the Tiefwarensee lake on the northeastern perimeter of the town of Waren (Müritz) in the district of Mecklenburgische Seenplatte in the German state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. The ten-kilometre-long path may be negotiated on foot or by bicycle. It is element D8 of the Mecklenburg Ice Age Landscape Geopark (Geopark Mecklenburgische Eiszeitlandschaft). [1]

German language West Germanic language

German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol (Italy), the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages which are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch: Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are also strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.

Tiefwarensee lake in Germany

The Tiefwarensee is a lake on the northeastern perimeter of the town of Waren (Müritz) in the district of Mecklenburgische Seenplatte in the German state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. The lake is separated from the Binnenmüritz to the southwest by a 300 metre wide isthmus. The lake is a glacial tunnel valley lake nestling in an ice-age formed meltwater channel, that runs into Lake Müritz from the north. It has one sizeable bay on its southern shore. It is roughly 2,600 metres long and 780 metres wide. Waren's town centre lies on the southern shore of the lake. The lake thus plays a central role as a recreation area for Waren. For example, there is a canoe and boat hire service on the lake and fishing is also allowed. The Tiefwarensee belongs to the Torgelower See nature reserve, and its northeastern shore is part of the Ostufer Tiefwaren – Falkenhäger Bruch Nature Reserve. Power boats and windsurfing are not permitted. The ten-kilometre-long Tiefwarensee Ice Age Trail runs around the lake. It may be negotiated on foot or by bicycle..

Waren (Müritz) Place in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany

Waren (Müritz) is a town and climatic spa in the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. It was the capital of the former district of Müritz until the district reform of 2011. It is situated at the northern end of Lake Müritz, approximately 40 kilometres west of Neubrandenburg. Waren is home to the offices of the sub-district (Amt) of Seenlandschaft Waren, although the town itself is independent of any Amt. Its borough is the second largest in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania by area.

Contents

Overview of the Tiefwarensee Ice Age Trail Mueritzeiszeitpfad01.jpg
Overview of the Tiefwarensee Ice Age Trail

Trail

Lake Müritz and the Tiefwarensee, like the rest of the Mecklenburg Lake District, were shaped by the last ice age. The various stages can be viewed here as if in a model of the region. "With the geopark project we want to make this natural geological heritage much more accessible to the public than hitherto and to make it a useful element of the region's touristic development", according to the Geopark's internet site. [2]

Weichselian glaciation glacial period

Weichselian glaciation was the last glacial period and its associated glaciation in Northern Europe. In the Alpine region it corresponds to the Würm glaciation. It was characterized by a large ice sheet that spread out from the Scandinavian Mountains and extended as far as the east coast of Schleswig-Holstein, the March of Brandenburg and Northwest Russia.

Stations on the trail

According to the overview map there are 17 stations with information boards:

  1. The information boards begin at the cemetery (Friedhof) car park.
  2. Stüde Ice House : In former times, blocks of ice were sawn from the Tiefwarensee in winter, stored in an ice cellar and taken away during the course of the year for use in the fisheries and breweries. Today there is a good view of the lake from the roof of the ice cellar.
  3. Hohlweg - Werderweg crosstracks: at this spot there was a pre-Roman Iron Age settlement. There are also traces of a sacrificial altar on which cattle were sacrificed. The bridge here runs over the meltwater tributary from the Melzer See to the Tiefwarensee.
Information board about shore terraces Mueritzeiszeitpfad02.jpg
Information board about shore terraces
  1. Schwalbenberg Bathing Site
  2. Lakeshore Terrace after the Werder-Siedlung: In this part of the Ostufer Tiefwaren – Falkenhäger Bruch Nature Reserve there are species-rich wet woodlands and a hazel coppice as well as a beech wood.
Information board on sandur formation Mueritzeiszeitlehrpfad03.jpg
Information board on sandur formation
  1. Geological features (sandur): On the site of the Tiefwarensee dead ice was once covered by sandur that was pushed over it. The present lake hollow subsided with the melting away of the ice. The meltwaters escaped from the inland ice under high pressure. As the streams broadened they lost speed. Because their transport capacity was no longer sufficient, the material they carried with them was deposited as sediment. This included glacial erratics as well as fine-grained material.
Information board on the formation of moraines in the Tiefwarensee region Mueritzeiszeitlehrpfad04.jpg
Information board on the formation of moraines in the Tiefwarensee region
  1. Geological features (terminal moraines): At this station glacial till (Geschiebemergel) and fine-grained silt (Schluff) may be seen. The terms ground moraine (Grundmoräne), ablation moraine (Ablationsmoräne) and push moraine (Stauchendmoräne) are explained. A distinction is made between recessional or deposited end moraines (Satzendmoräne, material left behind by the inland ice when the ice melts) and push moraines (Stauchendmoräne, till heaped up ahead of the glacier during its advance).
  2. Wolfsschlucht ("Wolf Gorge"): part of the ice age terminal moraine ridge with an imposing and species-rich beech wood. This is a Ratskamp (a plot of land whose income went to the Waren town council). The name Wolfsschlucht was probably coined during the Romantic period (19th century).
View from the observation tower over the moraine landscape to the Tiefwarensee Mueritzeiszeitlehrpfad05.jpg
View from the observation tower over the moraine landscape to the Tiefwarensee
  1. Observation tower: from the observation tower at this station there is a view over the Tiefwarensee and the terminal moraine landscape, which lies in front of the glacial lake.
View of the lake from the Amsee Clinic looking towards Waren Mueritzeiszeitlehrpfad06.jpg
View of the lake from the Amsee Clinic looking towards Waren
  1. Klinik Amsee: Von der Klinik [3] there is a view of the Tiefwarensee from the northwest.
  2. Warener Buchen ("Waren Beeches"): The beech trees here are on a terminal moraine ridge on the edge of the Tiefwarensee.
  3. Pommersche Wiese ("Pomeranian Meadow"): Here there are rare plants including orchids.
  4. Bungenberg ("Bungen Hill"): fisherman used to dry their Bungen (= weirs made of wattle) on this hill .
  5. Mühlenberg ("Mill Hill"): several windmills used to stand here, hence the name. Today it is the site of folk festivals and the open-air stage.
  6. Kegelbahn car park: this is also a good place to leave the car and start the circular walk.
  7. Boat hire: boats may be hired here for those who want to see the ice age landscape from the waters of the Tiefwarensee.
  8. Promenade – southern shore of the Tiefwarensee: From the heights of the promenade there is a panoramic view from the south over the Tiefwarensee.

Maps

Literature

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References

  1. Internet site of the Geopark Mecklenburgische Eiszeitlandschaft
  2. Aims of the Ice Age Trail on the website of the Geopark Mecklenburgische Eiszeitlandschaft
  3. Internet site of the chest clinic by the Tiefwarensee