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Tielieketi (Chinese :铁列克提) is located in Yumin County in Xinjiang, the People's Republic of China, adjacent to the border with Kazakhstan. The name comes from the Terekty River, an intermittent stream which flows China to Kazakhstan.
The Tielieketi military incident between Soviet and Chinese border troops (known in Soviet sources as "the border conflict near Lake Zhalanashkol" (Russian : пограничный конфликт у озера Жаланашколь) occurred on August 13, 1969 during the Sino-Soviet split. The Soviet force eliminated a unit of about 30 Chinese soldiers, capturing four.
Soviet sources allege the August 13 clash between Soviet border guards and a Chinese force happened after persistent violation of the Chinese-Soviet border by Chinese soldiers starting the previous night. According to these sources, the Chinese military unit which took part in the incident was equipped with cameras and a professional video camera.
After the Soviet Union dissolved in 1990s, Tielieketi was administered by Kazakhstan[ citation needed ]. In 1999, China and Kazakhstan signed a joint declaration[ citation needed ] to resolve their long-term border issues, and Tielieketi was ceded to China.
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The Soviet–Japanese War was a military conflict within the Second World War beginning soon after midnight on August 9, 1945, with the Soviet invasion of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo. The Soviets and Mongolians ended Japanese control of Manchukuo, Mengjiang, northern Korea, Karafuto, and the Chishima Islands. The defeat of Japan's Kwantung Army helped bring about the Japanese surrender and the termination of World War II. The Soviet entry into the war was a significant factor in the Japanese government's decision to surrender unconditionally, as it made apparent that the Soviet Union was not willing to act as a third party in negotiating an end to hostilities on conditional terms.
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Lake Zhalanashkol is a freshwater lake in the eastern part of Kazakhstan, on the border of Almaty Province and East Kazakhstan Province. It is the smallest out of the four major lakes of the Alakol depression. It is also the southernmost of the four, the one closest to the Dzungarian Gate and the Aibi Lake on the other, Chinese, side of the Gate.
The China–Kazakhstan border or the Sino-Kazakhstan border, is the international border between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Kazakhstan. The border line between the two countries has been largely inherited from the border existing between the Soviet Union and the PRC and, earlier, between the Russian Empire and the Qing Empire; however, it has been fully demarcated only in the late 20th and early 21st century. According to the international boundary commissions that have carried out the border demarcation, the border is 1,782.75 km (1,107.75 mi) long.
The Terekty River, also known under the Sinified spelling Tielieketi, is a small river that flows from China to Kazakhstan. In its lower course the river is also known as the Kusak. Along most of its course, the river flows through the very sparsely populated mountainous terrain of the southern part of Xinjiang's Yumin County; by the time it crosses the China–Kazakhstan border and enters a flat desert east of Lake Zhalanashkol, its bed is usually dry, with little water ever reaching Lake Zhalanashkol.
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