Tielieketi

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Tielieketi (Chinese :铁列克提) is located in Yumin County in Xinjiang, the People's Republic of China, adjacent to the border with Kazakhstan. The name comes from the Terekty River, an intermittent stream which flows China to Kazakhstan.

Simplified Chinese characters Standardized Chinese characters developed in mainland China

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China, Malaysia, and Singapore.

Yumin County County in Xinjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Yumin County as the official romanized name, also transliterated from Mongolian as Qagantokay County, is a county situated in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and is under the administration of the Tacheng Prefecture, bordering Kazakhstan's regions of East Kazakhstan and Almaty. It has an area of 6,090 km2 (2,350 sq mi) with a population of 50,000. The Postcode is 834800.

Xinjiang Autonomous region of China

Xinjiang, officially the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR), is a formally autonomous region in Northwestern China. Being the largest province-level division of China and the 8th largest country subdivision in the world, Xinjiang spans over 1.6 million km2. A small part of Xinjiang is claimed by India, referring to it as "Aksai Chin". Xinjiang borders the countries of Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. The rugged Karakoram, Kunlun and Tian Shan mountain ranges occupy much of Xinjiang's borders, as well as its western and southern regions. Xinjiang also borders the Tibet Autonomous Region and the provinces of Gansu and Qinghai. The most well-known route of the historical Silk Road ran through the territory from the east to its northwestern border.

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Tielieketi Incident

The Tielieketi military incident between Soviet and Chinese border troops (known in Soviet sources as "the border conflict near Lake Zhalanashkol" (Russian : пограничный конфликт у озера Жаланашколь) occurred on August 13, 1969 during the Sino-Soviet split. The Soviet force eliminated a squadron of about 30 Chinese soldiers, capturing four. [1]

Lake Zhalanashkol is a freshwater lake in the eastern part of Kazakhstan, on the border of Almaty Province and East Kazakhstan Province. It is the smallest out of the four major lakes of the Alakol depression. It is also the southernmost of the four, the one closest to the Dzungarian Gate and the Aibi Lake on the other, Chinese, side of the Gate.

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is an official language in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

Sino-Soviet split Cold War schism between communist states

The Sino-Soviet split (1956–1966) was the breaking of political relations between the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), caused by doctrinal divergences that arose from their different interpretations and practical applications of Marxism–Leninism, as influenced by their respective geopolitics during the Cold War (1945–1991). In the late 1950s and the early 1960s, Sino-Soviet debates about the interpretation of Orthodox Marxism became specific disputes about the USSR's policies of national de-Stalinization and international peaceful coexistence with the Western world. Against that ideological background, the international relations of the PRC featured official belligerence towards the West, and an initial, public rejection of the Soviet policy of peaceful coexistence between the Eastern bloc and the Western bloc, which Mao Zedong said was Marxist revisionism by the Russian communists.

Soviet sources allege the August 13 clash between Soviet border guards and a Chinese force happened after persistent violation of the Chinese-Soviet border by Chinese soldiers starting the previous night. According to these sources, the Chinese military unit which took part in the incident was equipped with cameras and a professional video camera. [2]

Consequences

After the Soviet Union dissolved in 1990s, Tielieketi was administered by Kazakhstan[ citation needed ]. In 1999, China and Kazakhstan signed a joint declaration[ citation needed ] to resolve their long-term border issues, and Tielieketi was ceded to China.

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The Terekty River, also known under the Sinified spelling Tielieketi, is a small river that flows from China to Kazakhstan. In its lower course the river is also known as the Kusak. Along most of its course, the river flows through the very sparsely populated mountainous terrain of the southern part of Xinjiang's Yumin County; by the time it crosses the China–Kazakhstan border and enters a flat desert east of Lake Zhalanashkol, its bed is usually dry, with little water ever reaching Lake Zhalanashkol.

References

Coordinates: 45°35′00″N82°17′00″E / 45.58333°N 82.28333°E / 45.58333; 82.28333

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.