Tiemoko Garan Kouyaté was a West African labour organiser and propagandist.
West Africa is the westernmost region of Africa. The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 16 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, the Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo, as well as the United Kingdom Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. The population of West Africa is estimated at about 362 million people as of 2016, and at 381,981,000 as of 2017, of which 189,672,000 are female and 192,309,000 male.
Born April 27, 1902 in Ségou in the French Sudan, Kouyaté studied at École William Ponty on the Île de Gorée in Senegal. He worked as a school teacher in the Ivory Coast from 1921 to 1923. He then travelled to Aix-en-Provence for further education, but was expelled in 1926 for spreading communist propaganda. In 1927, he helped found the communist Ligue de défense de la race nègre , editing their paper La Race nègre .When that group split, he helped create the Union des travailleurs nègres and ran a new paper Le Cri des Nègres . When Kouyaté was thrown out by the group's hardline communists, and purged from the French Communist Party, he began to work with Messali Hadj's Algerian independence group, Etoile Nord-Africaine. Even during his Communist period, Kouyaté communicated with non-communist black activists such as Marcus Garvey and W. E. B. Du Bois, and collaborated regularly with George Padmore.
Ségou is a town and an urban commune in south-central Mali that lies 235 kilometres (146 mi) northeast of Bamako on the right bank of the River Niger. The town is the capital of the Ségou Cercle and the Ségou Region. With 130,690 inhabitants in 2009, it is the fifth-largest town in Mali.
French Sudan was a French colonial territory in the Federation of French West Africa from around 1880 until 1960, when it became the independent state of Mali. The colony was formally called French Sudan from 1890 until 1899 and then again from 1921 until 1958, and had a variety of different names over the course of its existence. The colony was initially established largely as a military project led by French troops, but in the mid-1890s it came under civilian administration.
École William Ponty was a government teachers' college in what is now Senegal. The school is now in Kolda, Senegal, where it is currently known as École de formation d’instituteurs William Ponty. It is associated with the French university IUFM at Livry-Gargan (France).
He was executed by Nazis at Fort Montluçon in 1942. Historian Philippe Dewitte has argued that Kouyaté may have tried to collaborate with the Nazis before his execution.
Montluçon (French: [mɔ̃.ly.sɔ̃] is a commune in central France on the Cher river. It is the largest commune in the Allier department, although the department's préfecture is located in the smaller town of Moulins. Its inhabitants are known as Montluçonnais. The town is in the traditional province of Bourbonnais and was part of the mediaeval duchy of Bourbon.
The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.
Djibril Tamsir Niane is a historian, playwright, and short story writer, born in Conakry, Guinea.
Théophile Obenga is professor emeritus in the Africana Studies Center at San Francisco State University. He is a politically active proponent of Pan-Africanism and an Afrocentrist.
Jean Maitron was a French historian specialist of the labour movement. A pioneer of such historical studies in France, he introduced it to University and gave it its archives base, by creating in 1949 the Centre d'histoire du syndicalisme in the Sorbonne, which received important archives from activists such as Paul Delesalle, Émile Armand, Pierre Monatte, and others. He was the Center's secretary until 1969.
Maurice Delafosse was a French ethnographer and colonial official who also worked in the field of the languages of Africa. In a review of his daughter's biography of him he was described as "one of the most outstanding French colonial administrators and ethnologists of his time."
Georges Balandier was a French sociologist, anthropologist and ethnologist noted for his research in Sub-Saharan Africa. Balandier was born in Aillevillers-et-Lyaumont. He was a professor at the Sorbonne, and is a member of the Center for African Studies, a research center of the École pratique des hautes études. He held for many years the Editorship of Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie and edited the series Sociologie d'Aujourd'hui at Presses Universitaires de France. He died on 5 October 2016 at the age of 95.
Tidiane N'Diaye is a Franco-Senegalese anthropologist, economist, and writer.
Yacouba Konaté is a curator, writer, art critic and professor of Philosophy at the Université de Cocody in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
Patrice Yengo is a francophone Congolese political anthropologist living and teaching in Paris, France. He is a specialist of the Congolese Civil War (1993–2002), otherwise known as the Republic of the Congo Civil War. He is originally from Pointe-Noire, Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville).
Joseph Tonda is a sociologist and anthropologist of Congolese and Gabonese background. He is a specialist of Congolese and Gabonese culture, society, and politics, and is currently professor of sociology at the University of Omar Bongo in Libreville. He is also a regular visiting instructor at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) in Paris, France.
Bernard Blandre is a French secondary history teacher (retired). He is the President and one of the founders of the Association of Study and Information on Religious Movements, a nonprofit organization established in Sarreguemines whose purpose is to gather documentation on small religious movements, to provide researchers with material on the subject of "cults". Blandre published two books and other studies on the Jehovah's Witnesses and wrote articles on other religious groups including Adventism and the Latter-day Saint movement. Journal La Vie considered him "one of the best specialists" of Jehovah's Witnesses. On the other hand, Jean-Pierre Chantin deplores the lack of analysis, and states that a synthesis is still expected.
The Tém an ethnic group of Togo, but also found in Benin and Ghana. There is reported to be about 417,000 of the Tém, with 339,000 in Togo, 60,000 in Ghana and 18,000 in Benin. They speak the Tem language.
Habib Benglia (1895–1960) was an Algerian-born film actor who settled in France. He was the first French-African actor to land major roles in both cinema and theater.
Jean Louis Schefer, is a French writer, philosopher, art critic, and theoretician of cinema and image.
Jacques Julliard is a French historian, columnist and essayist, and a former union leader. He is the author of numerous books.
Sofiane Bouhdiba is a Tunisian demographer, born on 12 April 1968. He is Professor of Demography in the department of Sociology in the University of Tunis. He has taught in many universities in Europe, Africa and the United States, and has participated in a great number of international conferences, with a focus on mortality and morbidity. As an international consultant to the United Nations, he had the opportunity to observe closely the history of the fight against major diseases in the world. He has also participated in numerous scientific and humanitarian missions in sub-Saharan Africa. Professor Sofiane Bouhdiba is well-known for the realism of his recommendations, and has been appointed as an expert in Demography before the Tunisian Parliament.
Jeanne Gaillard was a French historian and a member of the French Resistance during the Second World War.
Denis-Constant Martin is a French scholar.
Jeanne Marie Labourbe was a French Bolshevik and activist who participated in the October Revolution. She died in 1919 in Odessa, executed by the police as ordered by the White Russians.
The Fusillade de Fourmies is an event which happened on the 1st May 1891 in Fourmies, in the French Nord department. This day, the troop fired on a peaceful demonstration of workers claiming "C'est les huit heures qu'il nous faut !", killing nine people and injuring 35 others.
Paul Sebag, born September 26, 1919 in Tunis and died September 5, 2004 in Paris) was a French-Tunisian sociologist and historian.
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