Tiemoko Garan Kouyaté

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Tiemoko Garan Kouyaté was a West African labour organiser and propagandist. [1]

West Africa Westernmost region of the African continent

West Africa is the westernmost region of Africa. The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 16 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, the Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo, as well as the United Kingdom Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. The population of West Africa is estimated at about 362 million people as of 2016, and at 381,981,000 as of 2017, of which 189,672,000 are female and 192,309,000 male.

Born April 27, 1902 in Ségou in the French Sudan, Kouyaté studied at École William Ponty on the Île de Gorée in Senegal. He worked as a school teacher in the Ivory Coast from 1921 to 1923. He then travelled to Aix-en-Provence for further education, but was expelled in 1926 for spreading communist propaganda. In 1927, he helped found the communist Ligue de défense de la race nègre , editing their paper La Race nègre . [1] When that group split, he helped create the Union des travailleurs nègres and ran a new paper Le Cri des Nègres . When Kouyaté was thrown out by the group's hardline communists, and purged from the French Communist Party, he began to work with Messali Hadj's Algerian independence group, Etoile Nord-Africaine. [1] Even during his Communist period, Kouyaté communicated with non-communist black activists such as Marcus Garvey and W. E. B. Du Bois, and collaborated regularly with George Padmore.

Ségou Commune and town in Mali

Ségou is a town and an urban commune in south-central Mali that lies 235 kilometres (146 mi) northeast of Bamako on the right bank of the River Niger. The town is the capital of the Ségou Cercle and the Ségou Region. With 130,690 inhabitants in 2009, it is the fifth-largest town in Mali.

French Sudan former French colonial territory

French Sudan was a French colonial territory in the Federation of French West Africa from around 1880 until 1960, when it became the independent state of Mali. The colony was formally called French Sudan from 1890 until 1899 and then again from 1921 until 1958, and had a variety of different names over the course of its existence. The colony was initially established largely as a military project led by French troops, but in the mid-1890s it came under civilian administration.

École normale supérieure William Ponty normal school

École William Ponty was a government teachers' college in what is now Senegal. The school is now in Kolda, Senegal, where it is currently known as École de formation d’instituteurs William Ponty. It is associated with the French university IUFM at Livry-Gargan (France).

He was executed by Nazis at Fort Montluçon in 1942. Historian Philippe Dewitte has argued that Kouyaté may have tried to collaborate with the Nazis before his execution. [2]

Montluçon Subprefecture and commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Montluçon (French: [mɔ̃.ly.sɔ̃] is a commune in central France on the Cher river. It is the largest commune in the Allier department, although the department's préfecture is located in the smaller town of Moulins. Its inhabitants are known as Montluçonnais. The town is in the traditional province of Bourbonnais and was part of the mediaeval duchy of Bourbon.

Bibliography

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Délégation aux Droits de l’Homme et à la Démocratie (7–9 October 2004). "Le mouvement panafricaniste au vingtième siècle" (PDF) (in French). Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 22, 2007. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
  2. Gregory Mann (2006). "Genova, James E. — Colonial Ambivalence, Cultural Authenticity, and the Limitations of Mimicry in French-Ruled West Africa, 1914-1956". Cahiers d'Études Africaines. Cahiers d'Etudes Africaines. 46 (183): 668–671. Retrieved 23 January 2012.