|Tiempos que cambian|
|Studio album by|
|Genre|| Folk music |
|Label|| Odeon |
|Víctor Jara chronology|
Tiempos que cambian(Times That Change) was scheduled to be the ninth studio album by Chilean songwriter Víctor Jara as a soloist, but was left incomplete due to the murder of the songwriter by the Chilean military in the 1973 military coup d'état. Originally, the album was planned to be named Tiempos Nuevos (New Times), but later on the title was modified to the present version.
Víctor Lidio Jara Martínez was a Chilean teacher, theater director, poet, singer-songwriter and communist political activist tortured and killed during the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet. He developed Chilean theater by directing a broad array of works, ranging from locally produced plays to world classics, as well as the experimental work of playwrights such as Ann Jellicoe. He also played a pivotal role among neo-folkloric musicians who established the Nueva Canción Chilena movement. This led to an uprising of new sounds in popular music during the administration of President Salvador Allende.
The 1973 Chilean coup d'état was a watershed moment in both the history of Chile and the Cold War. Following an extended period of social unrest and political tension between the opposition-controlled Congress of Chile and the socialist President Salvador Allende, as well as economic warfare ordered by US President Richard Nixon, Allende was overthrown by the armed forces and national police.
Although intended for release in 1974, it was released posthumously in Europe with numerous earlier songs added to complete the album. It was released in the UK as Manifiesto (Manifest), in France as Presente (Present) and in Spain as Canciones póstumas (Posthumous songs).
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Manifiesto is the ninth solo studio album from Chilean songwriter Víctor Jara. It was edited after his death, using as a base the songs written for the album Tiempos que cambian , that was left unfinished.
France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
The Chilean music group Inti Illimani and the Chilean musician Patricio Castillo, of Quilapayún until 1971, also collaborated on the recording of this album. Several years later, Castillo returned to Quilapayún in a more definitive way. The vast majority of the songs were written by Víctor Jara, with the exception of "Aquí me quedo" (Here I stay), composed with Patricio Castillo.
Patricio Castillo is a Spanish-Chilean vocal actor, performer, singer and songwriter. He became well known for his roles in the Spanish language performing songs for HBO's Flight of the Conchords, Happy Feet, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and Corpse Bride.
Quilapayún are a folk music group from Chile and among the longest lasting and most influential ambassadors of the Nueva Canción Chilena movement and genre. Formed during the mid-1960s, the group became inseparable with the revolution that occurred in the popular music of the country under the Popular Unity Government of Salvador Allende. Since its formation and during its forty-year history - both in Chile and during its lengthy period of exile in France - the group has seen modifications to its personnel lineup and the subject and content of its work. Controversy regarding irreconcilable differences with the current and former group directors led to the division into two distinctive Quilapayún ensembles; one in Chile (Quilapayún-Histórico) and one in France (Quilapayún-France).
The description below only shows the original songs Victor Jara left for this album.
All music composed by Víctor Jara, unless otherwise stated.
|1.||"Aquí me quedo"||Pablo Neruda, Patricio Castillo, Víctor Jara||3:01|
|2.||"Caicaivilú (o La serpiente luminosa)" (single A, 1972)||3:10|
|3.||"Cuando voy al trabajo"||3:53|
|4.||"Doncella encantada (o Huillimalón)" (single B, 1972)||4:19|
|6.||"Pimiento (o El Pimiento)"||3:55|
|7.||"Vientos del Pueblo"||2:37|
Nueva canción is a social movement and musical genre in Iberian America and the Iberian peninsula, characterized by folk-inspired styles and socially committed lyrics. Nueva canción is widely recognized to have played a profound role in the pro-democracy social upheavals in Portugal, Spain and Latin America during the 1970s and 1980s.
Los Miserables is a Chilean punk rock band formed in the early 1990s shortly after the demise of the military regime of Augusto Pinochet. The band is known for its songs charged with strong left-wing political ideas and anti-establishment commentary. The band has clearly presented itself as activist in its work with major participation in political events, international charity concerts, human rights events, and volunteer work in impoverished Chilean communities. The band has modeled itself in some ways after the famed Chilean band Los Prisioneros, who left a void after their initial break-up in 1990.
Quilapayún is the self-titled debut album released by the Chilean musical group Quilapayún in 1966.
X Vietnam or Por Vietnam is an album by Quilapayún released in 1968. This was among the first albums to be released under the DICAP label and was a success upon its release in Chile. The music and subject matter of the recording is very internationalist and was the first recording success of the Nueva Canción Chilena.
Santa María de Iquique, cantata popular is a cantata composed in 1969 by the Chilean composer Luis Advis Vitaglich, combining elements of both classical and folkloric/indigenous musical traditions to produce what became known as a popular cantata and one of Quilapayún’s most acclaimed and popular music interpretation. The theme of the cantata is a historical industrial dispute that ended with the massacre of miners in the northern Chilean city of Iquique in 1907. The reading is impeccably executed by the Chilean actor Hector Duvauchelle, who captures the increasingly tense struggle between the miners and their exploiters in the narrative. Instrumental interludes and songs empower the progression of the story leading to a final song which voices the miners demand for an end to exploitation with visions of an egalitarian and free world.
Pongo en tus manos abiertas is an album recorded by Víctor Jara with the musicians from Quilapayún in June, 1969. It was the third album released by the DICAP record label.
Rodolfo Parada Lillo is a Chilean musician, composer, engineer and anthropologist. Parada joined Quilapayún in 1968, which made the group into a sextet - the formation which recorded the “Cantata Santa María de Iquique. Upon joining the group he became the major solo voice of the ensemble (e.g. in “Dicen que la patria es…”, “Por que los pobres no tienen”, “Plegaria a un labrador”, “Vamos mujer”. A fan of the “chanson française” he decided to reduce his activity as a student leader while the group was at its popularity peak during the Salvador Allende Government. He first composed “Ausencia” for the group in their “Quilapayún 5” album with assistance from Eduardo Carrasco.
La Población is a music album by Chilean folk singer and songwriter Víctor Jara, recorded and released in 1972 and reissued in 2001. It was recorded in homage of the struggle of people living in the poorest working class districts of Santiago de Chile, sometimes referred to as “shanty towns”. The album included the collaborative work between Jara and the Chilean writer Alejandro Sieveking. The other artists included on the album were, Isabel Parra, Bélgica Castro, Huamarí, and Cantamaranto.
¡El Pueblo Unido Jamás Será Vencido! is a music album released by the Chilean folk group Quilapayún in 1975.
Canciones folklóricas de América is a music album released by Quilapayún and Víctor Jara in 1967.
Canto por travesura is an album recorded by Víctor Jara in 1973. It consists of a collection of southern Chilean folk songs with a consistent thematic style popular in Chilean folklore—the mocking of social norms with mischievous jokes, riddles and dark humor.
Víctor Jara (Geografía) is the name of the first studio album recorded by the Chilean folk-singer/songwriter, Víctor Jara in 1966 which was released by RCA (Demon) early in 1967.
Patricio Castillo is a Chilean musician and former member of the Chilean folk music group Quilapayún.
Rafael Manríquez was a Chilean journalist, singer, guitarist, composer and producer born in Santiago.
The Nueva Canción Chilena or "New Chilean Song” was a movement and genre of Chilean traditional and folk music incorporating strong political and social themes. The movement was to spread throughout Latin America during the 1960s and 1970s, in what is called "Nueva canción" sparking a renewal in traditional folk music and playing a key role in political movements in the region.
María Francesca Ancarola Saavedra is a Chilean singer and songwriter. Ancarola's musical style is a mix of folk and jazz, with social justice themes, and she is considered a part of the Chilean New Song movement.
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