Tien Chung-chin

Last updated
Tien Chung-chin
田炯錦
President of the Judicial Yuan
In office
1 December 1971 30 March 1977
Vice President Xie Yingzhou
Tai Yen-hui
Preceded by Xie Guansheng
Succeeded by Tai Yen-hui  [ zh ]
Minister of the Interior
In office
27 March 1958 31 May 1960
Preceded by Wang Depu  [ zh ]
Succeeded by Lien Chen-tung  [ zh ]
Minister of the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission
In office
30 May 1960 14 December 1963
Preceded byLee Yung-hsin
Succeeded byKuo Chi-chiao
In office
22 February 1951 25 May 1954
Preceded by Yu Ching-tang
Succeeded byLiu Lianke
Minister of Examination
In office
13 July 1948 May 1950
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byMa Kuo-lin (acting)
Shih Shang-kuan  [ zh ]
Personal details
Born1899 (1899)
Qingcheng County, China
Died(1977-03-30)30 March 1977 (aged 77–78)
Taipei, Taiwan
NationalityRepublic of China
Political party Kuomintang
Alma mater Peking University
University of Illinois

Tien Chung-chin (Chinese :田炯錦; 1899–1977) was a Chinese-born politician based in Taiwan.

Career

Tien Chung-chin was born in 1899 and known by the courtesy name Yunching (Chinese :雲青). [1] A native of Qingcheng County, he attended Peking University, where he participated in the May Fourth Movement. Soon after graduation in 1923, Tien began advanced study in the United States. Starting in 1925, Tien enrolled in the University of Washington, then transferred to the University of Missouri before earning a master's and doctoral degree from the University of Illinois. Tien returned to China in 1930, joining the faculty of Northeastern University. In February 1931, Tien was appointed to the Control Yuan. In January 1936, he was named the leader of the Gansu Provincial Department of Education. After the Xi'an Incident, Tien was named chairman of the Shaanxi Provincial Government. He began a second term on the Control Yuan in 1938. [1] [2] Concurrently, Tien also served as president of Lanzhou University. [2] In November 1946, he was elected to the National Constituent Assembly  [ zh ]. [1] Tien also retained his Control Yuan position, which included oversight of Gansu and Shaanxi. [2] On 13 July 1948, Tien took office as the inaugural Minister of Examination. [3]

Tien left for Taiwan in 1949. [1] From 1951 to 1954, he led the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission. In 1958, Tien succeeded Wang Depu as interior minister. Upon stepping down from the ministry of the interior in 1960, Tien served on the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission for a second time, until 1963. In 1971, he was nominated to succeed Xie Guansheng as President of the Judicial Yuan. Tien held the office until his death in Taipei on 30 March 1977. [2]

Related Research Articles

Inner Mongolia Autonomous region of China

Inner Mongolia or Nei Mongol, officially the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, is a landlocked and Mongolic autonomous region of the People's Republic of China. Its border includes most of the length of China's border with the country of Mongolia. The rest of the Sino–Mongolian border coincides with part of the international border of the Xinjiang autonomous region and the entirety of the international border of Gansu province. Inner Mongolia also accounts for a small section of China's border with Russia. Its capital is Hohhot; other major cities include Baotou, Chifeng, Tongliao and Ordos.

Sichuan Province of China

Sichuan is a landlocked province in Southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north, and the Yungui Plateau to the south. Sichuan's capital city is Chengdu. The population of Sichuan stands at 81 million.

Hebei Province of China

Hebei is a coastal province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the North China region. The modern province was established in 1911 as Chihli Province. Its capital and largest city is Shijiazhuang. Its one-character abbreviation is "冀" (), named after Ji Province, a Han dynasty province (zhou) that included what is now southern Hebei. The name Hebei literally means "north of the river", referring to its location entirely to the north of the Yellow River.

Gansu Province of China

Gansu is a landlocked province in Northwest China. Its capital and largest city is Lanzhou, in the southeast part of the province.

Shaanxi Province in Northwest China

Shaanxi is a landlocked province of the People's Republic of China. Officially part of Northwest China, it borders the province-level divisions of Shanxi, Henan (E), Hubei (SE), Chongqing (S), Sichuan (SW), Gansu (W), Ningxia (NW) and Inner Mongolia (N).

Heilongjiang Province of China

Heilongjiang is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northeast of the country. The province is bordered by Jilin to the south and Inner Mongolia to the west. It also shares a border with Russia to the north and east. The capital and the largest city of the province is Harbin. Among Chinese provincial-level administrative divisions, Heilongjiang is the sixth-largest by total area and the 15th-most populous.

Qinghai Province of China

Qinghai is a landlocked province in the northwest of the People's Republic of China. As one of the largest province-level administrative divisions of China by area, the province is ranked fourth largest in area and has the third smallest population. Its capital and largest city is Xining.

Ningxia Autonomous region of China

Ningxia, officially the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), is a landlocked autonomous region in the northwest of the People's Republic of China. Formerly a province, Ningxia was incorporated into Gansu in 1954 but was separated from Gansu in 1958 and was reconstituted as an autonomous region for the Hui people, one of the 56 officially recognised nationalities of China. Twenty percent of China's Hui population lives in Ningxia.

Provinces of China Peoples Republic of China province-level subdivision

Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions. There are 34 such divisions claimed by the People's Republic of China, classified as 23 provinces, four municipalities, five autonomous regions, and two Special Administrative Regions. The political status of Taiwan Province along with a small fraction of Fujian Province remain in dispute, those are under separate rule by the Republic of China.

Monguor people ethnic group

The Monguor, the Tu people, the White Mongol or the Tsagaan Mongol, are one of the 56 officially recognized ethnic groups in China. The "Tu" ethnic category was created in the 1950s.

Ma Hongbin Chinese politician

Ma Hongbin, was a prominent Chinese Muslim warlord active mainly during the Republican era, and was part of the Ma clique. He was the acting Chairman of Gansu and Ningxia Provinces for a short period.

Ma Qi Ma clique warlord controlling Gansu and Qinghai province at the beginning of the 20th century (1869-1931)

Ma Qi was a Chinese Muslim warlord in early 20th-century China.

Mongolia–Taiwan relations Diplomatic relations between Mongolia and Taiwan

The Republic of China did not recognize Mongolia until 1945; neither country exchanged diplomats between 1946 and 1949. At the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1949, Mongolia recognized the People's Republic of China. In 2002, Taiwan (ROC) recognized Mongolia as an independent country, and informal relations were established between the two sides.

Lian Yu Chinese diplomat and politician

Lian Yu was a diplomat, politician, judicial officer and lawyer in the Republic of China. He was an important politician during the Reformed Government of the Republic of China and Wang Jingwei regime. Another art-name was Liqing (励清). He was born in Wuxi, Jiangsu.

Wu Heling politician the Republic of China of the 20th century

Wu Heling (1896–1980) was a politician in the Republic of China. He was born in Hortin Right Banner, Zhelimu League, Inner Mongolia. His Mongolian name was Ünenbayan. He was ethnic Mongol, and participated in the Mongolian Autonomous Movement. Heling became an important politician in the Mongolian United Autonomous Government and the Mongolian Autonomous Federation (蒙古自治邦).

Administrative divisions of the Yuan dynasty

The Yuan dynasty was a vast empire founded by Mongol leader Kublai Khan in China. During its existence, its territory was divided into the Central Region (腹裏) governed by the Central Secretariat and places under control of various provinces (行省) or Branch Secretariats (行中書省), as well as the region under the Bureau of Buddhist and Tibetan Affairs. In addition, the Yuan emperors held nominal suzerainty over the western Mongol khanates, but in reality none of them were governed by the Yuan dynasty due to the division of the Mongol Empire.

Zhao Boping was a People's Republic of China politician. He was born in Lantian County, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province. He joined the Communist Party of China in February 1927. He was governor of his home province. He was Communist Party Secretary of Xi'an from December 1949 to 1956.

Tien Chiu-chin politician

Tien Chiu-chin is a Taiwanese politician. She served in the Legislative Yuan from 2005 to 2016, and later that year became the deputy minister of the Overseas Community Affairs Council. Tien was nominated a member of the Control Yuan in 2018.

Lin Yungai

Lin Yungai was a Chinese politician also known as Gongjing (公競) or by the courtesy name Yigong (毅公).

References