Tientos (Flamenco)

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Tientos is a flamenco Andalusian palo which has a rhythm consisting of 4 beats. It is in the same family as the Tangos, but slower and with different topics, lyrics and mood. Every Tientos becomes a Tangos at the end of the song/dance. [1] Traditionally, cantaor El Marrurro (1848 -1906) has been considered one of the creators of this style. Enrique el Mellizo gave it the modern form by which we know it today. Other famous cantaores who interpreted this style were Antonio Chacón and Pastora Pavón.

Flamenco genre of Spanish music; UNESCO intangible cultural heritage

Flamenco, in its strictest sense, is a professionalized art-form based on the various folkloric music traditions of southern Spain in the autonomous communities of Andalusia, Extremadura and Murcia. In a wider sense, it refers to these musical traditions and more modern musical styles which have themselves been deeply influenced by and become blurred with the development of flamenco over the past two centuries. It includes cante (singing), toque, baile (dance), jaleo, palmas (handclapping) and pitos.

Palo (flamenco) flamenco term used to group different traditional musical forms

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In flamenco a tango is one of the flamenco palos closely related in form and feeling to the rumba flamenca. It is often performed as a finale to a flamenco tiento. Its compás and llamada are the same as that of the farruca and share the farruca's lively nature. However, the tango is normally performed in the A Phrygian mode. In some English sources the flamenco tango is written with an -s; "the tangos is..."

Contents

Like many Cante Jondo, traditional Tientos lyrics (letras) tend to be pathetic, sentimental, and speak about the lack of love, disillusionment and revenge. Dancers strive to capture this mood in their solos. It can be danced by a man or a woman.

Cante jondo is a vocal style in flamenco, an unspoiled form of Andalusian folk music. The name means "deep song" in Spanish, with hondo ("deep") spelled with J as a form of eye dialect, because traditional Andalusian pronunciation has retained an aspirated H lost in other forms of Spanish.

Structure

The structure is similar to most Flamenco dances and can be broken down as follows: [2]

Compás

The compás of Tientos has a 4/4 time signature like the Tangos, but with the above 2 ways of accents. A simple one and more complicated one.

Tientos in its simple point of view:

Four-count rhythm with an added beat on the 'and' count of the second beat.

1+[2]+[3]+[4]+ 1+[2]+[3]+[4]

Tientos in its less simple point of view:

Each beat is broken into triplets, and that added beat after beat two is on the "a" of the triplet.

1+a[2]+[a][3]+a[4]+a

Palmas

The standard palmas for both Tientos and Tangos are: [3]

1+2+3+4+ or 12+34

For Guitarists

The basic compás for Tientos on the guitar can be performed with the same basic chords associated with the Tangos:

|Bb |A |Bb |A | |Dm |C |Bb |A |

Passing chords are added to this basic pattern to create the harmony for the Letra:

Bb |A |Bb |A |

double time |Bb |Bb |A |A |

a tempo |Dm |Dm |Dm |G7 |C | |F |Bb |Bb |A | |C |F |Bb |A |Bb |A |

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References

  1. "Aprendamos Flamenco: Tientos". Sara Martin Flamenco (in Spanish). 2015-01-15. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  2. "Learn About Tientos | Ambiente Flamenco". www.ambienteflamenco.com. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
  3. "Solo Compás | Flamenco Compás Builder". www.flamenco-compas-builder.com. Retrieved 2018-01-30.