Tierno Monénembo

Last updated

Thierno Saïdou Diallo, usually known as Tierno Monénembo (born 1947 in Porédaka [1] ), is a Francophone Guinean novelist and biochemist. Born in Guinea, he later lived in Senegal, Algeria, Morocco, and finally France since 1973. He has written eight books in all and was awarded the 2008 prix Renaudot for The King of Kahel (le Roi de Kahel). [2]

Contents

Education

In 1969, this son of a government official left Guinea, fleeing the Ahmed Sékou Touré dictatorship on foot to neighboring Senegal. He then went to the Ivory Coast to pursue his studies. He went to France in 1973, again for his studies, and he obtained a doctorate in biochemistry from the University of Lyon. Afterwards, he taught in Morocco and Algeria. Since 2007, he has been a visiting professor at Middlebury College in Vermont, USA.

Writing career

Tierno Monénembo published his first novel in 1979. His novels often deal with the powerlessness of intellectuals in Africa, and the difficulties of the lives of Africans in exile in France. He is particularly interested in the history and connections of blacks with the forced immigrant diaspora in Brazil (Pelourihno). He recently devoted a novel to the Fula people and a fictionalized biography of Aimé Olivier de Sanderval, a French adventurer and explorer, originally from Lyon and Marseille (Pastré country), who admired their civilization and became a Fulani king. He uses the opportunity to revisit colonial history in order to bring this controversial period into the fictional imagination. He is currently working on the life of a Guinean Fula, a hero of the Resistance in France, executed by the Germans, as well as on the links connecting the black diaspora of the Americas with Africa.

Tierno Monénembo was a writer in residence in Cuba when he learned that he was the 2008 winner of the Renaudot Prize. His award, however, put a spotlight on the growing place that French writers of African origin occupy in Francophone literature. It also emphasized, even if Tierno Monénembo lives in Normandy as if in the footprints of the Senegalese poet-president Leopold Sedar Senghor, that part of contemporary French literature is found in the South.

For the English-speaking world his significance was more for being one of the African authors invited to Rwanda after the 1994 Tutsi-Hutu massacre to "write genocide into memory." From this came the novel The Oldest Orphan; the 2004 translation by the University of Nebraska may be his most successful book in the English language. In November 2010 the English translation of Le Roi de Kahel ( The King of Kahel ) was published by AmazonCrossing, Amazon.com's translated fiction publishing arm; it was the new publishing company's first translated and published book. [3]

Politics

He was strongly critical of the military coup d'état of 23 December 2008, in Guinea having brought to power the junta led by captain Moussa Dadis Camara, just after the death of president Lansana Conté, who led the country with an iron fist since 1984.[ citation needed ] Remaining relatively quiet in 2009, on both a political and literary level, until the massacre of more than 150 civilians by the army on September 28 in Conakry, he then wrote a column published in Le Monde entitled "Guinea, Fifty Years of Independence and Hell" to condemn these killings and call the international community to action. [4]

Works

Awards

Related Research Articles

Prix Goncourt literary award

The Prix Goncourt is a prize in French literature, given by the académie Goncourt to the author of "the best and most imaginative prose work of the year". Four other prizes are also awarded: prix Goncourt du Premier Roman, prix Goncourt de la Nouvelle, prix Goncourt de la Poésie (poetry) and prix Goncourt de la Biographie (biography). Of the "big six" French literary awards, the Prix Goncourt is the best known and most prestigious. The other major literary prizes are the Grand Prix du roman de l'Académie française, the Prix Femina, the Prix Renaudot, the Prix Interallié and the Prix Médicis.

Ahmadou Kourouma Ivorian writer

Ahmadou Kourouma was an Ivorian novelist.

The Prix Théophraste-Renaudot or Prix Renaudot is a French literary award which was created in 1926 by 10 art critics awaiting the results of deliberation of the jury of the Prix Goncourt.

This article is about French literature from the year 2000 to the present day.

Camara Laye was an African writer from Guinea. He was the author of The African Child, a novel based loosely on his own childhood, and The Radiance of the King. Both novels are among the earliest major works in Francophone African literature. Camara Laye later worked for the government of newly independent Guinea, but went into voluntary exile over political issues.

Alain Mabanckou Congolese writer

Alain Mabanckou is a novelist, journalist, poet, and academic, a French citizen born in the Republic of the Congo, he is currently a Professor of Literature at UCLA. He is best known for his novels and non-fiction writing depicting the experience of contemporary Africa and the African diaspora in France. He is among the best known and most successful writers in the French language and one of the best known African writers in France. In some circles in Paris he is known as the Samuel Beckett of Africa. He is also controversial, and criticized by some African and diaspora writers for stating Africans bear responsibility for their own misfortune.

The Grand prix littéraire d'Afrique noire is a literary prize presented every year by the ADELF, the Association of French Language Writers for a French original text from Sub-Saharan Africa. It was originally endowed with 2,000 french francs.

Porédaka Sub-prefecture and town in Mamou Region, Guinea

Porédaka is a town and sub-prefecture in the Mamou Prefecture in the Mamou Region of Guinea. It is located roughly 55 kilometres (34 mi) northeast of Mamou. The Battle of Porédaka took place here on 13 November 1896, during which French colonial troops decisively defeated the last forces of the Imamate of Futa Jallon, after which Futa Jallon was annexed into Senegambia.

Louis Gardel French writer

Louis Gardel is a notable French novelist, screenwriter, and publisher, born in Algiers in 1939. He is also publishing director of Éditions du Seuil and a permanent member of the Prix Renaudot jury.

<i>The King of Kahel</i> book by Tierno Monénembo

The King of Kahel is a 2008 French-language novel by Guinean author Tierno Monénembo. It won the 2008 prix Renaudot. It was translated in 2010 to English by Nicholas Elliott and published by AmazonCrossing, Amazon.com's translated fiction publishing imprint. The King of Kahel was AmazonCrossing's premier book.

Véronique Ovaldé French writer

Véronique Ovaldé is a French novelist. Her fifth novel Et mon cœur transparent won the Prix France Culture/Télérama in 2008. Her seventh novel Ce que je sais de Vera Candida won the Prix Renaudot des lycéens (2009), the Prix France Télévisions (2009) and the Grand prix des lectrices de Elle (2010). She has had two books translated in English by Adriana Hunter, but Ovaldé's other titles are still available for interested publishers and translators.

The Grand prix Jean Giono is a French literary prize. It was established in 1990 at the initiative of Michel Albert, to honour the writer Jean Giono. Since 1992 it consists of two categories: the Jean Giono Grand Prize and the Jury Prize.

Addi Bâ French resistance member in World War 2

Addi Bâ Mamadou was part of the French Resistance as a member of the first Maquis des Vosges during World War II, known to the Germans as "the Black Terrorist".

Scholastique Mukasonga Rwandan writer living in Normandie

Scholastique Mukasonga is a French Rwandan author born in 1956 in the former Gikongoro province of Rwanda. In 2012, She won the prix Renaudot and the prix Ahmadou-Kourouma for her book Our Lady of the Nile. In addition to being a finalist for the International Dublin Literary Award and the Los Angeles Times Book Prize, Mukasonga was rewarded in 2014 with the Seligman Prize against racism and intolerance and in 2015 with the prize Société des gens de lettres. She currently resides in Lower Normandy.

Aimé Olivier de Sanderval French explorer

Aimé Olivier de Sanderval, comte de Sanderval, was a French adventurer, explorer of West Africa, entrepreneur and author.

The prix Erckmann-Chatrian is a literary award from Lorraine, awarded every year since 1925 in memory of the literary duo Erckmann-Chatrian. It rewards a written prose work by someone form Lorraine or about Lorraine. It is often nicknamed the "Goncourt lorrain". The jury consists of literary figures of the four Lorraine departments.

The prix Amerigo-Vespucci is a French literary award established in 1990, during the first International Festival of Geography (IFG) at Saint-Dié-des-Vosges. It rewards works on the theme of adventure and travel and refers to the Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci.

Gilles Carpentier was a French writer and editor

Charif Majdalani is a French-Lebanese writer. Born in Beirut in 1960, he is a novelist and professor at Saint Joseph University, where he was head of the Department of French Literature from 1999 to 2008. A member of the editorial board of L'Orient littéraire, he is also President of the International Writers’ House in Beirut.

References

  1. O'Toole, Thomas; Baker, Janice E. (16 March 2005). Historical Dictionary of Guinea. Scarecrow Press. p. 69. ISBN   978-0-8108-6545-7 . Retrieved 17 February 2013.
  2. "Amazon Launches Translation Imprint, AmazonCrossing", Publishers Weekly, 19 May 2010.
  3. « La Guinée, cinquante ans d'indépendance et d'enfer » par Tierno Monénembo dans Le Monde , 4 Octobre 2009.