Tievebulliagh

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Tievebulliagh (Taobh Builleach)
Tievebulliagh(AnneBurgess)May2007.jpg
Tievebulliagh, May 2007. Fragments of porcellanite can be seen among the dolerite in the scree.
Highest point
Elevation 402 m (1,319 ft)
Prominence c. 52 m
Listing Marilyn
Geography
Location County Antrim, Northern Ireland
Parent range Antrim Plateau, Glens of Antrim
OSI/OSNI grid D193268
Topo map OSNI Discoverer D5

Tievebulliagh (from Irish : Taobh Builleach) is a 402-metre-high (1,319 ft) mountain in the Glens of Antrim, Northern Ireland. It forms part of the watershed between Glenaan to the north and Glenballyemon to the south. It is situated about 4.4 km from Cushendall. [1]

Contents

Geology

Porcellanite layer is the black rock above the hammer, and below the brown layer higher up the slope at Tievebulliagh Dolerite-porcellanite Contact - geograph.org.uk - 472788.jpg
Porcellanite layer is the black rock above the hammer, and below the brown layer higher up the slope at Tievebulliagh

Tievebulliagh is formed from a volcanic plug, the intense heat generated by molten basalt has given rise to the formation of a durable flint, porcellanite, which is found at the foot of the eastern scree slope of the mountain. [2] Three small outcrops of porcellanite can be seen on the higher south-east slope. [1]

Archaeology

The Malone hoard of polished axes made from material from Tievebulliagh or Rathlin Island MaloneHoard.JPG
The Malone hoard of polished axes made from material from Tievebulliagh or Rathlin Island
view of the hillocks at the base of the mountain Tievebulliagh - geograph.org.uk - 472786.jpg
view of the hillocks at the base of the mountain
View from the peak of the mountain View from Tievebulliagh - geograph.org.uk - 472790.jpg
View from the peak of the mountain
An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. Neolithique 0001.jpg
An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools.

Evidence has been discovered of a Neolithic axe quarry at the foot of Tievebulliagh. [3] Flint axe heads fashioned from porcellanite that originate from this quarry have been found across the British Isles, from the Outer Hebrides to the south coast of England and across the rest of Ireland. [4] The site compares with the Langdale axe industry based in the English Lake District and the quarries at Penmaenmawr in North Wales, where large numbers of stone axes were manufactured.

Flakes, rejects and part-finished axes have been found round the hill and peak. It was here that the axes were roughed out before being finished at the sea shore. They were then exported as far afield as south-west Ireland, south-east England and north-east Scotland. No finished axes have been found at the site itself. [1]

The "Malone Hoard", consisting of 19 polished stone axes from porcellanite Tievebulliagh or similar material from Brockley on Rathlin Island, was found at Danesfort house, on the Malone Road, Belfast. Some of the axes were inserted upright in the ground. The axes may be too big and heavy for practical use, so perhaps were meant to be used for ceremonial purposes. They are currently held in the Ulster Museum in Belfast.

There is a Bronze Age cairn on the mountain top. The round cairn and Neolithic axe factory on Tievebulliagh are Scheduled Historic Monuments sited in the townland of Cloghs, in Moyle District Council area, at grid ref: area of D193 266. [5] There are numerous Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in the vicinity in County Antrim, and include stone circles, long barrows and stone rows.

See also

Related Research Articles

Langdale axe industry

The Langdale axe industry is the name given by archaeologists to specialised stone tool manufacturing centred at Great Langdale in England's Lake District during the Neolithic period. The existence of a production site was originally suggested by chance discoveries in the 1930s, which were followed by more systematic searching in the 1940s and 1950s by Clare Fell and others. The finds were mainly reject axes, rough-outs and blades created by knapping large lumps of the rock found in the scree or perhaps by simple quarrying or opencast mining. Hammerstones have also been found in the scree and other lithic debitage from the industry such as blades and flakes.

Court cairn Type of chamber tomb found in northwestern and northern Ireland, and southwest Scotland

The court cairn or court tomb is a megalithic type of chambered cairn or gallery grave. During the period, 3900–3500 BCE, more than 390 court cairns were constructed in Ireland and over 100 in southwest Scotland. The neolithic monuments are identified by an uncovered courtyard connected to one or more roofed and partitioned burial chambers. Many monuments were built in multiple phases in both Ireland and Scotland and later re-used in the Early Bronze Age.

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Porcellanite

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Barnenez Archaeological site in Plouezoch, France

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Dooeys Cairn

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William James Knowles

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Weir, A (1980). Early Ireland. A Field Guide. Belfast: Blackstaff Press. p. 96.
  2. Habitas Website
  3. The Megalithic Portal
  4. Viney, M. (2003) Ireland. Blackstaff Press. Belfast. ISBN   0-85640-744-5
  5. "Cloghs (Tievebulliagh)" (PDF). Environment and Heritage Service NI - Scheduled Historic Monuments. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 November 2008. Retrieved 3 December 2007.

Coordinates: 55°04′27″N6°07′59″W / 55.07419°N 6.13302°W / 55.07419; -6.13302