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Tiffin is an Indian English word for a type of meal. It refers to a light tea-time meal at about 3pm, or to a light breakfast consisting of typical tea-time foods. [1] In certain parts of India, it can also refer to the midday luncheon or, in some regions of the Indian subcontinent, a between-meal snack. [2] When used in place of the word "lunch", however, it does not necessarily mean a light meal. [3]



In the British Raj, tiffin was used to denote the British custom of afternoon tea that had been supplanted by the Indian practice of having a light meal at that hour. [4] It is derived from "tiffing", an English colloquial term meaning to take a little drink. By 1867 it had become naturalised among Anglo-Indians in northern British India to mean luncheon. [5]

Current usage

Two dabbawalas in Mumbai delivering meals packed in tiffin carriers Mumbai Dabbawala or Tiffin Wallahs- 200,000 Tiffin Boxes Delivered Per Day.jpg
Two dabbawalas in Mumbai delivering meals packed in tiffin carriers

In South India and in Nepal, tiffin is generally a snack between meals: dosas, idlis, vadas etc. [6] In other parts of India, such as Mumbai, the word mostly refers to a packed lunch of some sort. [7] In Mumbai, it is often delivered to them by dabbawalas, sometimes known as tiffin wallahs, who use a complex system to get thousands of tiffin carriers to their destinations. In Mumbai, a school-going child's lunch box is fondly called a tiffin box. [8]

Tiffin When used in place of the word "lunch", often consists of rice, lentils, curry, vegetables, chapatis or "spicy meats". [9] In addition, the lunch boxes are themselves called tiffin carriers, tiffin-boxes or just tiffins.

See also


    1. Purnachand, G V. "History of Traditional Telugu Food Culture: A new interpretation". Dr. G. V. Purnachand, B.A.M.S. Dr. G V Purnachand, B.A.M.S. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
    2. OED staff 2013, "tiffin, n.".
    3. Murray 2008, p. 88.
    4. Quinion 2006, Tiffin.
    5. OED staff 2013 , "tiffin, n."cites H. Wedgwood (1862) "Tiffin, now naturalised among Anglo-Indians in the sense of luncheon, is the North country tiffing (properly sipping)". See also Wedgwood 1872 , p. 682.
    6. Hughes, Mookherjee & Delacy 2001, p. 25.
    7. Harding 2002.
    8. Thakker 2005.
    9. Murray 2008, pp. 85–108.

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