Tifosi

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Tifosi of the Italy national football team during the UEFA Euro 2000 Euro 2000 supporters.jpg
Tifosi of the Italy national football team during the UEFA Euro 2000

Tifosi (pronounced [tiˈfoːzi;-oːsi] ) is a group of supporters of a sports team, especially those that make up a tifo .

Contents

Etymology

The word Tifosi comes from Ancient Greek "typhos" (τῦφος), meaning smoke, as it was customary for spectators of the Ancient Olympic Games to celebrate the victories of their favourite athletes by reuniting around a bonfire. [1] [2] [3] The plural Tifosi is used for a mixed gender or an all-male group; masculine singular is tifoso, feminine singular tifosa, feminine plural tifose.

Football

The word is mainly used to describe fans of clubs in football. Apart from the many local fan clubs in Italy, whose main role is, for example, to provide a meeting place for fans and friends and organize away trips, since the late 1960s, many Italian fans rely on organized stadium groups known as ultras. The main goal is to choreograph fan support with flags, banners, coloured smoke screens, flares, drums, and chanting in unison. For most teams city rivalries, colours, coat of arms, symbols, and the overall iconography have roots in the Middle Ages and early Renaissance.

A fictional depiction of a tifoso in football is shown in Tifosi , an Italian film released in 1999. [4]

Formula One

The tifosi at the 2003 Italian Grand Prix, Monza Tifosi Monza 2003.JPG
The tifosi at the 2003 Italian Grand Prix, Monza

It has become common to use the word "tifosi" to refer to the supporters of Scuderia Ferrari in Formula One. [5] Italian motor racing fans are well known for their love of Ferrari, though they have also been staunch supporters of other Italian cars such as Maserati, Lancia, and Alfa Romeo.

The tifosi provide Formula One with a sea of red filling the grandstands at the Italian Grand Prix. One of the most common tifosi sights is the display of an enormous Ferrari flag in the grandstands during Formula One weekends at every race circuit, with especially large contingents showing up in Ferrari livery at home and nearby European tracks. A similar sight could be observed in former years during the San Marino race, which was held at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari near the town of Imola, 80 km (49.7 mi) east of the Ferrari factory in Maranello.

The tifosi in Italy have been known to actually cheer for a non-Italian driver in a Ferrari passing an Italian driver in another make of car. [6] At the 1983 San Marino Grand Prix, the crowd at Imola cheered long and loud when Italian Riccardo Patrese crashed his Brabham out of the lead of the race only 6 laps from home, handing Frenchman Patrick Tambay the win in his Ferrari. Patrese himself had only passed Tambay for the lead half a lap earlier.

One driver who never actually drove for Ferrari but is supported by the tifosi is Frenchman Jean-Louis Schlesser. He drove for the Williams team at the 1988 Italian Grand Prix at Monza substituting for an ill Nigel Mansell. On lap 49 of the 51 lap race, Schlesser was unwittingly involved in the incident at the Variante del Rettifilo chicane that took out the leading McLaren-Honda of Ayrton Senna, fittingly handing Ferrari's Gerhard Berger and Michele Alboreto an emotional 1–2 Italian Grand Prix result only a month after the death of Enzo Ferrari. Berger's win handed McLaren their only loss of the 16-race 1988 season. [7]

The tifosi stuck by Ferrari during the struggles in the early 1990s, where Gerhard Berger and Jean Alesi each won one race, as the front-running teams were McLaren, Williams, and Benetton. [8] The mid-1990s increase in the ranks of the tifosi can be directly traced to the arrival of Michael Schumacher who joined Ferrari in 1996, after winning two drivers' titles with Benetton, bringing over key personnel like Ross Brawn and Rory Byrne. Schumacher drove for Ferrari until his first retirement at the conclusion of the 2006 season, leading the team to six Constructors' Championship from 1999–2004 and personally winning five drivers' championships.

When Ferrari's Charles Leclerc won at Monza 2019, which was the first time for the team since 2010, a massive crowd of tifosi went to the podium to celebrate the victory. As revealed by David Croft during the podium celebration, there is a strained relationship between the tifosi and Mercedes, who have won in Monza from the start of the turbo hybrid era in 2014 to 2018. Whenever a Mercedes won the Italian GP, or made the podium, the tifosi would boo at the driver.

Cycling

The word is commonly used to describe fans along the roadside at professional road cycling races in Italy such as Tirreno–Adriatico, Milan–San Remo, the Giro d'Italia, and the Giro di Lombardia.

Passionate supporters of Italian cycling teams and cyclists are called "the tifosi".

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Riccardo Patrese</span> Italian racing driver (born 1954)

Riccardo Gabriele Patrese is an Italian former racing driver, who raced in Formula One from 1977 to 1993.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jean Alesi</span> French racing driver (born 1964)

Jean Robert Alesi is a French professional racing driver. He competed in Formula One between 1989 and 2001, including spells at Tyrrell, Benetton, Sauber, Prost, Jordan and Ferrari, where he proved very popular among the Tifosi. He won the 1995 Canadian Grand Prix, but this proved to be the only win of his Formula One career. During his time in Formula One, Alesi was particularly good in the wet and was a mercurial and passionate racer, whose emotions sometimes got the better of him.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gerhard Berger</span> Austrian racing driver (born 1959)

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">San Marino Grand Prix</span> Formula One championship race in Imola, Italy from 1981 to 2006

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1983 San Marino Grand Prix</span> Motor car race

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1987 San Marino Grand Prix</span> Motor car race

The 1987 San Marino Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on 3 May 1987 at the Autodromo Dino Ferrari, Imola. It was the second race of the 1987 Formula One season. It was the seventh San Marino Grand Prix and it was held over 59 laps of the five kilometre circuit for a race distance of 297 kilometres.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1989 Italian Grand Prix</span> Motor car race

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1992 San Marino Grand Prix</span> Motor car race

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1992 Italian Grand Prix</span> Motor car race

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1992 Australian Grand Prix</span> Motor car race

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1993 Australian Grand Prix</span> Motor car race

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1994 Italian Grand Prix</span> Motor car race

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1993 Formula One World Championship</span> 47th season of FIA Formula One motor racing

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1992 Formula One World Championship</span> 46th season of FIA Formula One motor racing

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1988 Formula One World Championship</span> 42nd season of FIA Formula One motor racing

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References

  1. "TIFO".
  2. "Tifo in Vocabolario - Treccani".
  3. "Etimologia : Tifo".
  4. Milano-Firenze, Mo-Net s r l. "Tifosi (1999)". mymovies.it.
  5. "Leclerc calls on Tifosi to help Ferrari gatecrash title scrap - France 24". 9 September 2021.
  6. "Ferrari's passionate tifosi facing a miserable afternoon at Monza". 3 September 2020.
  7. Andrew Benson (8 September 2009). "Your classic Italian Grand Prix - Andrew Benson's blog". BBC. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
  8. Moxon, Daniel (11 June 2022). "Beloved Ferrari icon won just one race before being ousted by Michael Schumacher". Daily Mirror . Retrieved 27 April 2023.