Tigernach Ua Braín

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Tigernach Ua Braín (died 1088) was abbot of Clonmacnoise and abbot of Roscommon. He was once held to be the author of the Annals of Tigernach , hence its name, but though this view is no longer sustainable, the nature and extent of his involvement remain unclear.

The Abbot of Clonmacnoise was the monastic head of Clonmacnoise. They also bore the title "Comarba of Saint Ciarán", "successor of Saint Ciarán". The following is a list of abbots:

The Annals of Tigernach is a chronicle probably originating in Clonmacnoise, Ireland. The language is a mixture of Latin and Old and Middle Irish.

Contents

The Uí Braín and Clonmacnoise

The annalistic compilation known as the Chronicon Scotorum mentions that he was 'heir of Ciarán and of Commán', that is abbot of Clonmacnoise and Roscommon, and came from the Síl Muiredaig, [1] descendants of Muiredach Muillethan (d. 702), a ruling sept of the Connachta. [2] The Uí Braín were a branch of the Síl Muiredaig, but being no player in the race for kingship, focused on Clonmacnoise to pursue a career in the church instead. [2] The first known Uí Braín member to become abbot of Clonmacnoise was Dúnchad Ua Braín (d. 989) and others are attested after Tigernach's life-time who also headed the abbey of Roscommon. [2] The monastery of Clonmacnoise stood in Mide, but it had held land in Connacht since the 7th century and by the 11th century it ranked as the most important church in Connacht. [2] Since the rulers of Mide were usually in alliance with those of Connacht, Clonmacnoise appears to have remained on good terms with the rulers of both provinces. [2]

Chronicon Scotorum, also known as Chronicum Scotorum, is a medieval Irish chronicle.

Ciarán of Clonmacnoise Irish bishop

Saint Ciarán of Clonmacnoise, supposedly born Ciarán mac an tSaeir ), was one of the Twelve Apostles of Ireland and the first abbot of Clonmacnoise. He is sometimes called Ciarán the Younger to distinguish him from the 5th-century Saint Ciarán the Elder who was bishop of Osraige. His name produced many variant spellings, including Ceran, Kieran and Queran.

Muiredach Muillethan mac Fergusso was a King of Connacht from the Uí Briúin branch of the Connachta. He was the grandson of Rogallach mac Uatach, a previous king. He belonged to the Uí Briúin Ai sept. His sobriquet Muillethan means "broad-crowned".

The Annals of Ulster and the Chronicon Scotorum record Tigernach's death under the entry for 1088. [1] [2] [3]

Annals of Tigernach

The copy of the Annals of Tigernach which is preserved in the 14th-century manuscript Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Rawlinson B. 488, has a note attached to the entry for 1088, apparently the year of his death. It reports that Tigernach had written the text up to that point, but does not specify whether he had merely written down the text or was (also) the annalist responsible for the entries. [2] T.M. Charles-Edwards considers it a good possibility that Tigernach was one of a succession of annalists. [2]

Notes

  1. 1 2 Chronicon Scotorum s.a. 1088.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Charles-Edwards, "Ua Braín, Tigernach (d. 1088)".
  3. Annals of Ulster, s.a. 1088.

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References

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