Tignes Dam

Last updated
Tignes Dam
Barrage de Tignes France.jpg
The dam with faded Hercules fresco on face
France relief location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Location of Tignes Dam in France
Country France
Location Tignes
Coordinates 45°29′40.82″N6°55′54.47″E / 45.4946722°N 6.9317972°E / 45.4946722; 6.9317972 Coordinates: 45°29′40.82″N6°55′54.47″E / 45.4946722°N 6.9317972°E / 45.4946722; 6.9317972
PurposePower
StatusOperational
Construction began1948
Opening date1952
Owner(s) Électricité de France
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Arch
Impounds Isère
Height180 m (590 ft)
Length296 m (971 ft)
Elevation at crest1,790 m (5,870 ft)
Width (crest)10 m (33 ft)
Width (base)43.57 m (142.9 ft)
Dam volume632,000 m3 (827,000 cu yd)
Reservoir
Creates Lac du Chevril
Total capacity230,000,000 m3 (186,464 acre⋅ft)
Catchment area 171 km2 (66 sq mi)
Surface area2.74 km2 (1 sq mi)
Power Station
Operator(s)Électricité de France
Hydraulic head Brevieres: 233 m (764 ft)
Malgovert: 750 m (2,461 ft)
Turbines Brevieres: 3 x 32 MW Francis-type
Malgovert: 4 x 83 MW Pelton-type
Installed capacity Brevieres: 96 MW
Malgovert: 332 MW [1]

The Tignes Dam, also known as the Chevril Dam, is an arch dam on the Isère in the municipality of Tignes in the Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France. In planning since the 1920s and under the protest of locals, the dam was constructed between 1948 and 1952 with the purpose of hydroelectric power. At the time of its completion, it was the tallest dam in Europe. Water from the dam's reservoir, Lac du Chevril, feeds two power stations, the 96 MW Brevieres Power Station and the 332 MW Malgovert Power Station, for a total installed capacity of 428 MW. The yearly average combined output of the two power stations is 94 MW. [2] Brevieres is located about 1 km (0.62 mi) downstream of the dam and Malgovert is also located downstream, 17 km (11 mi) to the northwest at 45°37′04.28″N6°47′25.31″E / 45.6178556°N 6.7903639°E / 45.6178556; 6.7903639 (Malgovert Power Station) . The dam was designed by Coyne & Bellier and is currently owned and operated by Électricité de France. [3] Lac du Chevril flooded the town of Tignes which was relocated nearby.

Contents

View of the dam taken from the Lac Du Chevril side View from Lac Du Chevril.jpg
View of the dam taken from the Lac Du Chevril side

In 1989, in preparation for the 1992 Winter Olympics, Jean-Marie Pierret painted a fresco of the Olympian figure Hercules on the dam's face. The feat, by Pierret and eight other painters, took 60 days. [4]

The dam plays an important part in the French supernatural drama television series The Returned .

See also

Related Research Articles

Grande Dixence Dam Dam in Hérémence, Switzerland

The Grande Dixence Dam is a concrete gravity dam on the Dixence at the head of the Val d'Hérémence in the canton of Valais in Switzerland. At 285 m (935 ft) high, it is the tallest gravity dam in the world, fifth tallest dam overall, and the tallest dam in Europe. It is part of the Cleuson-Dixence Complex. With the primary purpose of hydroelectric power generation, the dam fuels four power stations, totaling the installed capacity to 2,069 MW, generating approximately 2,000 GWh annually, enough to power 400,000 Swiss households.

Tignes Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Tignes is a commune in the Tarentaise Valley, in the Savoie department in the Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France, known for the highest skiable area in Europe and the longest ski season in Europe. It is located in the Savoie region with good transport links in and out of Lyon, Geneva and Chambery.

Gökçekaya Dam Dam in Eskişehir, Turkey

Gökçekaya Dam is 43 km (27 mi) north of Alpu town 45 km (28 mi) east of province of Eskişehir in central Turkey and located 60 km (37 mi) downstream of Sarıyar Dam on the Sakarya River which runs into the Black Sea. The Yenice Dam is located downstream.

Lac dÉmosson

Lac d'Émosson is a reservoir in the canton of Valais, Switzerland. It is located in the municipalities of Salvan and Finhaut. The closest small city in Switzerland is Martigny. The lake has a surface area of 3.27 km² and an elevation of 1,930 m. The maximum depth is 161 m. The purpose of the Émosson Dam is hydroelectric power generation. Water from the reservoir first powers the 189 MW Vallorcine Power Station downstream and just over the border in Vallorcine, France. Water is then sent through a headrace tunnel to the 162 MW La Bâtiaz Power Station, 12 km (7 mi) to the east in Martigny, Switzerland. The drop between the dam and La Bâtiaz Power Station is 1,400 m (4,593 ft).

Turkwel Hydroelectric Power Station Dam in Kapenguria, West Pokot County

The Turkwel Hydroelectric Power Station, also Turkwel Dam, is an arch dam on the Turkwel River about 76 km (47 mi) north of Kapenguria in West Pokot County, Kenya. The dam serves several purposes to include hydroelectric power production, irrigation tourism and fisheries. It was constructed between 1986 and 1991. It supports the third largest hydroelectric power plant in the country, having an installed electric capacity of 106 megawatts (142,000 hp).

Sefidrud Dam Dam in Manjil, Iran

Sefidrud Dam is a buttress dam on the Sefīd-Rūd in the Alborz mountain range, located near Manjil in Gilan Province, northern Iran.

GrandMaison Dam Dam in Vaujany, Isère

The Grand'Maison Dam is an embankment dam on L'Eau d'Olle, a tributary of the Romanche River. It is located in Vaujany of Isère within the French Alps. The primary purpose of the dam is to serve as the upper reservoir for a pumped-storage hydroelectric scheme where Lac du Verney located lower in the valley is the lower reservoir. The dam was constructed between 1978 and 1985 with its power station being commissioned in 1987. With an installed capacity of 1,800 MW, it is the largest hydroelectric power station in France.

Roselend Dam Dam in Beaufort

The Roselend Dam is an arch-buttress dam located 5 km (3 mi) east of Beaufort in the Savoie department of the Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France. It is located just west and below the Cormet de Roselend mountain pass. The dam was designed by Coyne et Bellier and construction began in 1955. The reservoir began to fill in 1960, the power station was operational in 1961 and the dam complete in 1962. It was constructed for the primary purpose of hydroelectric power generation and supports the 546 MW La Bâthie Power Station.

Marèges Dam Dam in Liginiac

The Marèges Dam is a concrete arch dam on the Dordogne River. It is located 4 km (2 mi) southeast of Liginiac in Corrèze department, France. It was constructed between 1932 and 1935 by the Railway Company du Midi. Its primary purpose is the generation of hydroelectricity and the original power station contained four Francis turbine-generators.

Le Pouget (power station) Dam in Le Truel

Le Pouget is a hydroelectric power station located at Le Truel, on the River Tarn, in the department of Aveyron in France. It uses the difference in height between the artificial lakes of Villefranche-de-Panat and Pareloup on the Lévézou plateau and the river 500 m below. It ranks as the 16th largest station in France. It is part of the complex system that connects the rivers Alrance, Ceor, Viaur, Bage and Violou with the Tarn.

Pinet (power station) Dam in St Victor et Melvieu, Aveyron

Pinet is a dam and hydroelectric power station on the River Tarn in Saint-Victor-et-Melvieu in Aveyron, southern France.

Çetin Dam Dam in Pervari and Şirvan discticts, Siirt Province

The Çetin Dam hydropower dam, currently being constructed on the Botan River in Siirt Province, Turkey, with an installed capacity of 420 MW. It is expected to complete by 2020.

Güllübağ Dam Dam in Güllübağ, Erzurum Province

The Güllübağ Dam is a gravity dam near the town of Güllübağ on the Çoruh River in Erzurum Province, Turkey. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power production. Construction on the river diversion tunnel began in 2009 and the dam was complete in 2012. That same year the first generator became operational and the final generator was operational in March 2013. Water from the dam is sent down downstream through a 3,200 m (10,500 ft) long penstock where it reaches an 84 MW power station. The dam is part of the Çoruh Development Plan and it is owned by Turkey's State Hydraulic Works.

Génissiat Dam

The Génissiat dam is a hydroelectric dam on the Rhône in France near the village of Injoux-Génissiat. Construction began in 1937, but was delayed by World War II, and the dam did not start generating power until 1948. By 1949 it had the greatest capacity of any dam in Europe.

Ohara Dam Dam in Ohara, Toyama Prefecture

The Ohara Dam is a gravity dam on the Shō River in Ohara village about 17 km (11 mi) south of Nanto in Toyama Prefecture, Japan. It was constructed between 1939 and 1942. The dam has an associated 97.6 MW hydroelectric power station which was built in two parts. The first part of the power station was commissioned in 1942 and the second part of the power station was commissioned in 1980. Of the nine dams on the Shō River it is the fourth furthest downstream.

Akao Dam Dam in Nishiakao, Toyama Prefecture, Japan

The Akao Dam is a gravity dam on the Shō River in Nishiakao village about 18 km (11 mi) south of Nanto in Toyama Prefecture, Japan. It was constructed between 1974 and 1978. The dam has an associated 34 MW hydroelectric power station which was commissioned in 1978. Of the nine dams on the Shō River it is the fifth furthest downstream.

Narude Dam Dam in Toyama/Gifu Prefecture

The Narude Dam is a gravity dam on the Shō River about 22 km (14 mi) south of Nanto on the border of Toyama and Gifu Prefectures, Japan. It was constructed between 1950 and 1952. The dam has an associated 97 MW hydroelectric power station which was built in two parts. The first part of the power station was commissioned in 1951 and the second part of the power station was commissioned in 1975. Of the nine dams on the Shō River it is the sixth furthest downstream.

Tsubawara Dam Dam in Shirakawa, Gifu Prefecture

The Tsubawara Dam, also known as the Tsubakihara Dam, is a gravity dam on the Shō River about 5 km (3.1 mi) north of Shirakawa in Gifu Prefecture, Japan. It was constructed between 1952 and 1953. The dam has an associated 107 MW hydroelectric power station which was built in two parts. The first part of the power station was commissioned in 1954 and the second part of the power station was commissioned in 1975. Of the nine dams on the Shō River it is the seventh furthest downstream.

Hatogaya Dam Dam in Shirakawa, Gifu Prefecture

The Hatogaya Dam is a gravity dam on the Shō River about 2 km (1.2 mi) south of Shirakawa in Gifu Prefecture, Japan. It was constructed between 1954 and 1956. The dam has an associated 43 MW hydroelectric power station which was commissioned in 1956. Of the nine dams on the Shō River it is the eighth furthest downstream.

Bissorte Dam Dam in Valmeinier, Savoie

The Bissorte Dam is a gravity dam in the Maurienne Valley, in Savoie, France, about 7 km (4.3 mi) east of Valmeinier. It was built from 1930 to 1935 to supply a hydroelectric plant capable of generating 75 megawatts (MW) of power.

References

  1. "Rhône-Alpes -Tignes-Malgovert" (in French). Hydrelect. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
  2. "EDF INVESTS IN THE MAINTENANCE AND MODERNISATION OF THE TIGNES-ALGOVERT HYDROELECTRIC COMPLEX" (PDF).
  3. "Tignes Dam". Structurae. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
  4. Weber, Bruce (5 November 1989). "WORKS IN PROGRESS; That Dammed Hercules By Bruce Weber". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap  
Download coordinates as: KML  ·  GPX

Tignes Dam at Structurae . Retrieved 2013-04-24.