Tignous in 2008
21 August 1957
|Died||7 January 2015 57) (aged|
Bernard Verlhac (21 August 1957 – 7 January 2015), known by the pseudonym Tignous (French: [tiɲus] ), was a French cartoonist. He was a long-time staff cartoonist for the French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo .
A cartoonist is a visual artist who specializes in drawing cartoons. This work is often created for entertainment, political commentary, or advertising. Cartoonists may work in many formats, such as booklets, comic strips, comic books, editorial cartoons, graphic novels, manuals, gag cartoons, graphic design, illustrations, storyboards, posters, shirts, books, advertisements, greeting cards, magazines, newspapers, and video game packaging.
Charlie Hebdo is a French satirical weekly magazine, featuring cartoons, reports, polemics, and jokes. Irreverent and stridently non-conformist in tone, the publication describes itself as above all secular, skeptic, and atheist, far-left-wing, and anti-racist publishing articles about the extreme right, religion, politics and culture.
On 7 January 2015, Tignous was killed in the Charlie Hebdo shooting.
On 7 January 2015 at about 11:30 local time, two brothers, Saïd and Chérif Kouachi, forced their way into the offices of the French satirical weekly newspaper Charlie Hebdo in Paris. Armed with rifles and other weapons, they killed 12 people and injured 11 others. The gunmen identified themselves as belonging to the Islamist terrorist group Al-Qaeda's branch in Yemen, which took responsibility for the attack. Several related attacks followed in the Île-de-France region on 7–9 January 2015, including the Hypercacher kosher supermarket siege where a terrorist held 19 hostages, of whom he murdered 4 Jews.
Tignous was born in Paris on 21 August 1957.He studied drawing at the École Boulle. After working in the comic book field, Tignous began doing cartoons for L'Idiot International, La Grosse Bertha , and L'Événement du jeudi.
The École Boulle is a college of fine arts and crafts and applied arts in Paris, France.
A comic book or comicbook, also called comic magazine or simply comic, is a publication that consists of comic art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes. Panels are often accompanied by brief descriptive prose and written narrative, usually, dialog contained in word balloons emblematic of the comics art form. Although comics has some origins in 18th century Japan, comic books were first popularized in the United States and the United Kingdom during the 1930s. The first modern comic book, Famous Funnies, was released in the U.S. in 1933 and was a reprinting of earlier newspaper humor comic strips, which had established many of the story-telling devices used in comics. The term comic book derives from American comic books once being a compilation of comic strips of a humorous tone; however, this practice was replaced by featuring stories of all genres, usually not humorous in tone.
La Grosse Bertha was a French weekly satirical magazine created in 1991 in opposition to the Gulf War. Its editor and publisher was Jean-Cyrille Godefroy and its first editor-in-chief was François Forcadell. The title of the magazine was an anti-militarist jibe; "Big Bertha" is the name of a massive piece of heavy artillery.
Tignous first began working at Charlie Hebdo in 1980,and then rejoined the weekly when it was reborn in 1992. He was also a contributor to the weekly news magazine Marianne and the monthly publication Fluide Glacial . In addition, he drew for Télérama and L'Echo des Savanes .
Marianne is a weekly Paris-based French news magazine.
Fluide Glacial is a monthly Franco-Belgian comics magazine and a publishing house founded on 1 April 1975 by Marcel Gotlib, Alexis and Jacques Diament. It is currently the last remaining monthly adult comics magazine in France, with an editorial line based on humour.
Télérama is a weekly French cultural and TV magazine published in Paris, France. The name is a contraction of its earlier title: Télévision-Radio-Cinéma.
Tignous was also active in the French role-playing world, with his illustrations featured in games like Rêve de Dragon and MEGA, and many illustrations for the magazine Casus Belli. His work features in a 2015 cooperative card game, Les Poilus (The Grizzled), about the tragic and solitary experience of French soldiers in the trenches of the Great War.
Casus Belli is a French magazine about roleplaying games founded in 1980. François Marcela-Froideval became first editor in chief.
Tignous was a member of Cartoonists for Peace as well as the Press Judiciare, an association of French journalists covering the legal system.He was one of the founding sponsors of Clowns sans Frontieres, the French affiliate of Clowns without Borders International, and participated in CSF projects in the Philippines, Burma, and Nord Pas de Calais. In 2010, he published a book featuring cartoons of his signature pandas to benefit the French chapter of the World Wildlife Foundation, which called him "a friend of the pandas and the earth."
Tignous was the father of four children. He was buried in Père Lachaise Cemetery on 15 January 2015. The Franco-Lebanese jazz trumpeter Ibrahim Maalouf played during a ceremony in Tignous's honour held in the great hall of the municipality of Montreuil, Seine-Saint-Denis.
Jean Maurice Jules Cabut, known by the pen-name Cabu, was a French comic strip artist and caricaturist. He died in the January 2015 shooting attack on the Charlie Hebdo newspaper offices. Cabu was a staff cartoonist and shareholder at Charlie Hebdo.
Maurice Sinet, known professionally as Siné, was a French political cartoonist. His work is noted for its anti-capitalism, anti-clericalism, anti-colonialism, anti-semitism, and anarchism.
Philippe Val is a French journalist, singer, and comedian. He was a co-founder of the second iteration of Charlie Hebdo, serving as the satirical political weekly's editor and director. After leaving Charlie Hebdo in 2009, Val was director of the public radio channel France Inter until 2014.
Georges Wolinski was a French cartoonist and comics writer. He was killed on 7 January 2015 in a terrorist attack on Charlie Hebdo along with other staff.
Lefred Thouron is a cartoonist and writer born in Nancy, France in 1961.
The following lists events that happened in 2015 in France.
Stéphane Charbonnier, better known as Charb, was a French satirical caricaturist and journalist. He was assassinated by Islamic terrorists during the Charlie Hebdo shooting on 7 January 2015.
Bernard Maris was a French economist, writer and journalist who was also a shareholder in Charlie Hebdo magazine. He was murdered on 7 January 2015, during the shooting at the headquarters of the magazine in Paris.
Philippe Honoré, known by the pen-name Honoré, was a French cartoonist and a long-time staff member of Charlie Hebdo.
"Je suis Charlie" is a slogan and logo created by French art director Joachim Roncin and adopted by supporters of freedom of speech and freedom of the press after the 7 January 2015 shooting in which twelve people were killed at the offices of the French satirical weekly newspaper Charlie Hebdo. It identifies a speaker or supporter with those who were killed at the Charlie Hebdo shooting, and by extension, a supporter of freedom of speech and resistance to armed threats. Some journalists embraced the expression as a rallying cry for the freedom of self-expression.
Elsa Cayat was a French psychiatrist and psychoanalyst and a columnist for the satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo in Paris, France. She was one of 12 victims of the Charlie Hebdo attack and was killed along with the seven journalists, maintenance worker, one visitor and two police officers. She was the only woman working for Charlie Hebdo to die in the attack. She was one of two Jews killed in the attack, along with Georges Wolinski.
Laurent "Riss" Sourisseau is a French cartoonist and author. Since 1992, he has been working for the French satirical weekly newspaper Charlie Hebdo.
Corinne Rey is a French cartoonist who publishes under the pen name Coco.
Charlie Hebdo issue No. 1178 was published on 14 January 2015. It was the first issue after the Charlie Hebdo shooting on 7 January 2015, in which terrorists killed twelve people. The edition was put together by surviving Charlie Hebdo cartoonists, journalists, and former contributors and was prepared in a room in the offices of Libération. The issue's print run of 7.95 million copies became the record for the French press. The publication sparked protests by Muslim demonstrators in Yemen, Pakistan, Mauritania, Algeria, Mali, Senegal, Niger, Chechnya, and other countries. In Niger, violent protests led to 10 deaths.
Richard Malka is a French lawyer and comics writer, comics writer and novelist. As lawyer Malka in 2007 successfully defended Charlie Hebdo editor Philippe Val against charges of racism following the magazine's publication of Mohammad caricatures. Other clients include Clearstream, Dominique Strauss-Kahn and Caroline Fourest.
Charlie Hebdo issue No. 1011 is an issue of the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo published on 2 November 2011. Several attacks against Charlie Hebdo followed, including an arson attack at its headquarters, motivated by the issue's cover caricature of Muhammad, whose depiction is prohibited in some of interpretations of Islam. The issue's subtitle Charia Hebdo references Islamic sharia law.
Mohamed Kacimi is an Algerian novelist and playwright.
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