Tigran Melikov's House

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Tigran Melikov's House
Azerbaijani: Tiqran Məlikovun evi
Armenian: Տիգրան Մելիքովի տուն
Polish: Dom Tigrana Melikova
Yasayis evi, I.S@f@rli kuc@si, 19.jpg
Azerbaijan adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location within Azerbaijan
Alternative namesHouse of Tigran Melikov
General information
TypeMansion
Architectural style Venetian Gothic
AddressIslam Safarli Street, 19
Town or city WP baku siegel.png Baku
Country Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan
Coordinates 40°22′23″N49°50′06″E / 40.372922°N 49.834916°E / 40.372922; 49.834916
Construction started1895
Completed1897
ClientTigran Melikov
Technical details
Floor count3
Design and construction
Architect(s) Józef Gosławski

Tigran Melikov's House (Azerbaijani : Tiqran Məlikovun evi, Armenian : Տիգրան Մելիքովի տուն, Polish : Dom Tigrana Melikova) is an historic mansion located at the intersection of Islam Safarli and Hazi Aslanov streets in Baku, Azerbaijan. The mansion was built between 1895 and 1897 on the order of Tigran Melikov, a son of the Armenian industrialist Ambarsum Melikov. It is the first building built in the Gothic style in Baku, [1] [2] as well as Józef Gosławski's first project on personal order. [3]

Contents

History

In 1813, while establishing the outer-city, the area was given the architectural look of a square, which is still preserved. The mansion was built at crossing of Islam Safarli and Hazi Aslanov streets. Melikov's mansion was the first building to be built in the gothic style in Baku. While building the mansion, Adolf Eichler was preparing a plan of a gothic styled church in 28 May Street.

Architectural features

In terms of the difficulty of the residential building, the individual form of the project is formed in the context of the classical style of Baku. [4] The facades are covered with stones. The mansion is full of windows which helps to enlighten it. The rooms in the south and east and the staircase are brightly lit by a roof lantern. [5]

Lancet windows are used on the two upper floors of the building. On the third floor a balcony opens onto the roof of a second-floor bay window. The bay window contains two main and two additional windows. The narrowest part of the residential property is located in the east. Şamil Fətullayev-Fiqarov notes that Gosławski's facades were influenced by Florentine palaces. [6]

House of Hussein Melikov
Yasayis binasi, Islam S@f@rli kuc. 19 fasad detali.jpg
Pediment, on which the Melikovs family emblem is engraved on the eastern facade of the building
Floor plan of the building on Islam Safarli Street 19.jpg
Floor plan of the building
Different views of the mansion
Building on I. Safarli Street in Baku.jpg
Building on Islam Safarli Street 19 (2).JPG
Building on Islam Safarli Street 19 (facade detail) 2.JPG
Building on Islam Safarli Street 19 (facade detail) 3.JPG
Building on Islam Safarli Street 19 (facade detail).JPG
Building on Islam Safarli Street 19 2.jpg
Building on Islam Safarli Street 19 3.jpg

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References

  1. Fətullayev-Fiqarov 2013 , p. 15
  2. Bakının memarlıq ensiklopediyası 2013 , p. 201
  3. Фатуллаев-Фигаров, Шамиль. "Юзеф Гославский (1865 -1904)". polonia-baku.org. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
  4. "Melikov's House in Baku - video" (in Polish, English, Azerbaijani, and Russian). Polish Embassy in Baku.
  5. Bakının memarlıq ensiklopediyası 2013 , p. 200
  6. Fətullayev-Fiqarov 2013, p. 16.

Sources