Tigrana, Bhiwani

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Location in Haryana, India
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Tigrana (India)
Coordinates: 28°51′43″N76°08′13″E / 28.862°N 76.137°E / 28.862; 76.137
Country India
State Haryana
District Bhiwani
Mandal Bhiwani
 (2011) [1]
  Official Hindi
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)

Tigrana is a village and Indus Valley civilisation (IVC) archaeological sites in the Bhiwani district of Haryana state of India. It lies on the NH-709A (Loharu-Bhiwani-Mundhal-Jind route) approximately 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) north of the district headquarters town of Bhiwani.




As of the 2011 Census of India , the village had 2,053 households with a population of 10,712 of which 5,703 were male and 5,009 female. All inhabitants are Hindus and the dominant castes are Rajputs,Brahmins, OBC and SC. [1]

Culture and festivals

Tigrana is famous for the temple Baba Paramhans Tigrania (BabaChorewala) Coordinates(28.858697,76.139496). Each year the temple celebrates a Hindu festival (melā) in the month of Shraavana (5th tithi of the month of Shraavana and 700 years old lord shiva temple Coordinates(28.862761,76.141006)

Indus-Saraswati Valley Civilisation

Mounds and history of excavation

In 2021, Central University of Haryana under the leadership of the Excavation Director Professor Dr. Narendra Parmar. It is carried out in association with the Deccan College Post-Graduate and Research Institute in which students from Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Maharashtra, and Kerala also participated. Excavation is also aimed at finding out the source and trade network of bronze, copper, precious stones, jewellery, agriculture, economics, food habits and consumables, domestic and wildlife species, etc. [2]


Dating and scientific tests were done at the laboratory of Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences (BSIP) at Lucknow. Artifacts were dated to be 5000 years old belonging to the "Early Harappan Phase". [2]


Seal, script and language

A 5000 year old seal was found with 4 alphabets of the IVC script and language painted in black. This seal has 4 alphabets or characters, from right to left, a vertical fish shaped character, followed by two upward arrow shaped characters and finally a U-shaped character. Elsewhere, overall nearly 500 characters or alphabets of IVC script have been found which are yet to be deciphered. [2]

Houses and pottery

A house made of 10 x 20 x 34 cm mud bricks was found which had one large room, courtyard, gallery or veranda, two small rooms and a kitchen. Pottery of baked clay found here includes kitchen utensils, such as thali (platter), matka (pot), bowl, "bela" (flat-bottomed wide and shallow bowl with rim), and other kitchen artifacts with attractive paintings. [2]

Jewelry, precious stones, and metals

Bronze metal was found. Other finds include semi-precious stones such as agate, carnelian, sodalite, steatite (soapstone), faience, etc. which were used for making jewelry and lockets. Bangles and beads made from conch shell, baked clay beads and bangles, etc. were also found. [2]

Agriculture and crop

BSIP tests concluded that 5000 years ago five crops, namely "bajara" (pearl millet), barley, "jawar" (sorghum), and pulses were cultivated at Tigrana. Some of the pottery is painted with the pictures of paddy (rice) crop. Finds include terracotta figurines of animals of which the bull figurines are most numerous indicating the abundance and importance of domesticated bull in the local agriculture and economy. Figurine of bullock cart was also found. [2]


Carnelian found here, which is not found locally and is found around Gulf of Khambhat, indicates trade with Gujarat via shipping channels of paleo-Sarasvati River. [2]

There are several Indus Valley civilisation sites and cultures nearby.

See also

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  1. 1 2 "Tigrana village". Census of India . Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 भिवानी में मिले हड़प्पा काल के साक्ष्य, तिगड़ाना में होती थी खेती, शोध में हुए कई खुलासे, देखें तस्वीरें, Dainik Jargan, 29 Sept 2021.