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Tigridia pavonia flower.jpg
Tigridia pavonia in Mexico
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Tigridieae
Genus: Tigridia
Type species
Tigridia pavonia
Synonyms [1]
  • AineaRavenna
  • BeatoniaHerb.
  • CardiostigmaBaker
  • Colima(Ravenna) Aarón Rodr. & Ortiz-Cat.
  • FosteriaMolseed
  • HydrotaeniaLindl.
  • PardiniaHerb.
  • RigidellaLindl.

Tigridia /tˈɡrɪdiə/ , [2] is a genus of bulbous or cormous flowering plants belonging to the family Iridaceae. With common names including peacock flowers, [3] tiger-flowers or shell flowers, they have large showy flowers; and one species, Tigridia pavonia , is often cultivated for this. The approximately 35 species in this family grow in the Americas, from Mexico to Chile. [1] The tigridia flower is short lived, each often blooming for only one day, but often several flowers will bloom from the same stalk. Usually they are dormant during the winter dry-season. The roots are edible and were eaten by the Aztecs of Mexico who called it cacomitl, and its flower ocēlōxōchitl "jaguar flower". The genus name Tigridia means "tiger-like", and alludes to the coloration and spotting of the flowers of the type species Tigridia pavonia. [4] [5] [6] [7]



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  1. Cunila angustifoliaBenth. - southern Brazil, Misiones Province of Argentina
  2. Cunila crenataGarcía-Peña & Tenorio - State of Durango in Mexico
  3. Cunila fasciculataBenth. - southern Brazil
  4. Cunila galioidesBenth. - Brazil
  5. Cunila incanaBenth. - southern Brazil, Argentina
  6. Cunila incisaBenth. - southern Brazil
  7. Cunila leucanthaKunth ex Schltdl. & Cham. - Mexico, Central America
  8. Cunila lythrifoliaBenth. - central + southern Mexico
  9. Cunila menthiformisEpling - southern Brazil
  10. Cunila menthoidesBenth. - Uruguay
  11. Cunila microcephalaBenth. - southern Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay
  12. Cunila origanoides(L.) Britton - central + eastern United States from Texas and Kansas east to New York and Georgia
  13. Cunila platyphyllaEpling - southern Brazil
  14. Cunila polyanthaBenth. - Mexico, Central America
  15. Cunila pycnanthaB.L.Rob. & Greenm. - Mexico
  16. Cunila ramamoorthianaM.R.Garcia-Pena - Mexico (Guerrero)
  17. Cunila spicataBenth. - southern Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay
  18. Cunila tenuifoliaEpling - southern Brazil
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Dictyanthus is a genus of plant in family Apocynaceae, first described as a genus in 1844. It is native to Mexico and Central America


  1. 1 2 3 "'". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew . Retrieved 10 February 2016.
  2. Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  3. USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Tigridia". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  4. Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 253–56. ISBN   978-0-88192-897-6.
  5. Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater. 1994. Alismataceae a Cyperaceae. 6: i–xvi, 1–543. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer.. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F.
  6. Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. (eds.) 2011. Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 9–939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín
  7. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1952. Iridaceae. In Flora of Guatemala - Part III. Fieldiana, Botany 24(3): 159–178