Tiit Kaljundi

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Tiit Kaljundi in the early 1980s Tiit Kaljundi at the beginning of 1980s.jpg
Tiit Kaljundi in the early 1980s
Tiit Kaljundi at the construction site of his private house in Viimsi Tiit Kaljundi oma eramu ehitusel Viimsis 1980ndatealguses.tif
Tiit Kaljundi at the construction site of his private house in Viimsi

Tiit Kaljundi (4 April 1946 1 February 2008) was an Estonian architect and a member of the Tallinn School. [1] He became well known in the later part of the 1970s as a part of a new movement of Estonian architects that was led by Leonhard Lapin and Vilen Künnapu. The majority of the architects in this movement were graduates from the State Art Institute in the early 1970s. This group included Kaljundi, Avo-Himm Looveer, Ain Padrik, Jüri Okas, and Ignar Fjuk, as well as Veljo Kaasik and Toomas Rein from an older generation of architects. After the 1983 exhibition in the Tallinn Art Salon, they became known as the “Tallinn Ten" or the "Tallinn School," a broader term to describe the group used by the Finnish architect Markku Komonen. [2]


Early life

He was born in Paide [3] and later and graduated first in his class from Viljandi High School in 1964 and then studied at the Polytechnic Institute in the Faculty of Economics. He attended the Estonian Academy of Arts starting in 1965 and graduated in 1970. [4]

Architectural career

Early in his career, Kaljundi was an architectural assistant at the Estonian Academy of Arts. [5] He worked at the Estonian Land Development Project for five years starting in 1970, and following that he worked at the Tentrosojuz Project. [6]

In the early 1980s, Kaljundi promoted small town development and was against the Soviet urban development policies of the time. Kajlundi responded to the new mass apartment blocks being constructed by advocating for a polar opposite solution: the post-modernist villa. [7] During this time period, he also worked on landscaping, working on projects including the Rakvere castle hills, Tartu Toomemägi and the Sinimäe memorial. [8] Kajlundi also created other plans for urban development that were later implemented, including the consolidation of the Kuressaare city center and reconstruction of its cultural library. [9]

In 1988 he joined the Union of Estonian Architects and in 1997 he established his own office. [4] During this part of his career, his style gradually shifted away from his style of functionalism and moved towards constructivism and conceptualism, which he used to create his own home in Merivälja towards the end of his career. [10] [11]

Examples of Tiit Kaljundi's designs Tiit Kaljundi - vaikelinnade vaartustamise probleemidnaide tema - naide tema toode stiilist.jpg
Examples of Tiit Kaljundi's designs

List of works



"Väike 2002-2006" contest, I-II place - Staircase in Saka

Yachting Centre at Pirita, I place - unbuilt

Related Research Articles


  1. ajaleht Sakala, nr.25, 6 veebruar 2008, lk 11
  2. Mart Kalm Eesti 20. sajandi arhitektuur. Lk 315, 414
  3. "Lahkus arhitekt Tiit Kaljundi". Eesti Arhitektide Liit (in Estonian). 2 February 2008. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  4. 1 2 (1996). Eesti kunsti ja arhitektuuri biograafiline leksikon. Tallinn: Eesti Entsüklopeediakirjastus
  5. "Estonian academy of arts, Leads. Estonian academy of arts, email lists. Semalt". skimleads.com. Retrieved 2018-10-25.
  6. "Kogude päevik". www.arhitektuurimuuseum.ee (in Estonian). Retrieved 2018-10-25.
  7. Weizman, Ines (2014-02-03). Architecture and the Paradox of Dissidence. Routledge. ISBN   9781317700999.
  8. "Vaivara Sinimägede Muuseum". muuseum.vaivaravald.ee. Retrieved 2018-10-25.
  9. "Ajalooline Toomemägi jõuab oma esimese üldplaneeringuni". Tartu Postimees (in Estonian). Retrieved 2018-10-25.
  10. Kurg, Andres (February 2009). "Architects of the Tallinn School and the critique of Soviet modernism in Estonia". The Journal of Architecture. 14 (1): 85–108. doi:10.1080/13602360802705171. ISSN   1360-2365. S2CID   144626838.
  11. Leonhrad Lapin (2015). Olejad ja minejad. Tallinn. Lk 126,129.
  1. http://www.leia.ee/et/17914?pid=332
  2. http://www.sirp.ee/s1-artiklid/varia/tiit-kaljundi-4-iv-1946-1-ii-2008/
  3. http://www.arhitektuurimuuseum.ee/en/kogud/kogude_paevik/dr-spocki-maja-tiit-kaljundi-projekt-1975-perspektiivvaade-1984-varvipliiats/
  4. http://www.mois.ee/english/