|Tijara Jain temple
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|Mahant Balaknath (BJP)
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|Vidhan Sabha Constituency
Tijara is a city and a municipality in Khairthal-Tijara district of the Indian state of Rajasthan. Tijara comes under the NCR area and is situated 55 km to the northeast of Alwar. The nearest railway station to Tijara is Khairthal. Bhiwadi is a census town in Tijara. It is the biggest industrial area of Rajasthan and part of the historical Ahirwal Mewat region. Tijara is dominated by Yadav and Meo community.
Tijara Fort was established by Maharaja of Parmar Rajputs, after which Rao Tej Pal, Raja of Sarahata as a scion of the Yadava family, repaired palaces at Tijara.
The city was largely inhabited by Ahirs or Muslim Meos since ancient times. The Yadav's from Tijara are settled in villages of Delhi. In 850 Vikram Samvat, Yadav King Charu Rao was the king of Tijara. His 9 descendants up to Rao Chandrabhanu Singh ruled tijara till 1040s. In around 1043 A.D, the family of Rao Harpal of tijara, son of chandrabhanu, settled his family in the Dabur area of modern Delhi, with its headquarters at Surhera. Rao Inderjit Singh is a descendant of Charu Rao.
An early mention of Tijara is found in the book, Mirat ul Masaud, which relates how Saiyad Ibrahim Mashhadi Barah Hazari (died 421 AH / 1030 CE), teacher of Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud, and an officer of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni, in A.H. 420 (1030 CE) attacked Dhundgarh near Rewari, the Raja of which fled to his kinsman, Rao Tej Pal. The latter, in a night attack, killed Saiyad Ibrahim, but his disciple Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud compelled Tej Pal to flee to Tijara, where three relatives of Salar were killed in battle.
The descendants of Syed Maroofuddin, brother of Syed Salar Sahu, remained in Tijara till 1857 when they shifted to Bhopal during the rebellion of 1857. Many participated against British forces and were killed, but some Syed families are now living in Bhopal. Munshi Hakimuddin, who served as Chief Secretary at Bhopal during the reign of Shah Jahan Begum, is a direct descendant of Syed Maroofuddin Ghazi. The tombs of some associates of Syed Mohammad Dost (Nana Barah Hazari), Rukn Alam Shaheed, Roshan Shaheed, and Bhakan Shaheed in and around the town of Tijara are now places of pilgrimage.
Another tomb of the cousin of Saiyad Ibrahim Mashhadi (Barah Hazari), Syed Hameeduddin can also be seen at Kot Qasim (20 km away from Tijara), who was going as injured after the battle of Tijara to Rewari.
A sanad (decree conferring the title of property) of Akbar's time speaks of "Tijara Shahbad" as though they were the principal towns of a district.
In the Ain-i-Akbari, the Khanzada Rajputs tribe was living in Tijara, where they occupied a brick fort along with 405,108 bighas of land of which the annual revenue was 11,906,847 rupees. The tribe had 400 cavalry and 2000 infantry soldiers at its disposal.Tijara was a part of Mewat State, which was ruled by Khanzada Rajputs.
In 1402, after the death of Raja Nahar Khan, his kingdom was divided among his 9 sons. His son, Malik Alaudin Khan, became the Jagirdar of Tijara. Khanzada Ikram Khan, a direct descendant of Malik Alaudin Khan, revolted against the Subahdar Khalilullah of Mewat during the era of Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb. He removed the Subahdar from his post and fort and took control of Tijara and the surrounding districts. Subahdar Khalilullah went for an aide to Aurangzeb, who then sent Jai Singh I to crush the revolting Khanzada chief, Ikram Khan.
Dehra-Tijara was a well-developed region. The discovery of the image of Shri 1008 Bhagwan Chandraprabhu in 1956 has a remarkable history.
Khanzadas Community in large number also lived in this town before partition in 1947. Fateh Naseeb Khan of the Khanzada community, who was the Commander-in-chief of Alwar State in early 1930s, hailed from Tijara.
Tijara Fort was converted into a heritage hotel by the Neemrana Hotels group.The Tijari fort at Alwar is not a ruin but a building that had been left unfinished in 1845 because of war; the Neemrana Hotels has undertaken completion.
In 1956, the excavation work was taken up for the widening of the roads. While digging, a small "Talghar" was found. Saraswati Devi discovered an idol on Shravan Shukla Dashmi. The image bears the date "Vaishakh Shukla 3,1554 Vikram Samvat". Later on, one white idol of god Chandraprabhu was discovered on 29 March 1972 by Acharya Vimal Sagar.
Tijara is located at . It has an average elevation of 291 metres (954 feet). Tijara can be reached via State Highway 25 (Rajasthan) which connects Gangapur city with Daruhera via Bhiwadi. Guwalda is biggest village in population and area in Tijara tehsil. Nearby towns are Ferozepur Jhirka and Nuh in Haryana, and Alwar, Tapukara, Bhiwadi, and Kishangarh Bas in Rajasthan.
As of 2001 [update] India census, Tijara had a population of 19,918. Males constitute 53% of the population and females, 47%. Tijara has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 51%. In Tijara, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Alwar is a city located in India's National Capital Region and the administrative headquarters of Alwar District in the state of Rajasthan. It is located 150 km south of Delhi and 150 km north of Jaipur. At present the district is famous for production of Mustard Crop in the region, manufacturing of Ray Ban eyeglasses, Beer production plants and frozen food industry.
Mewat is a historical and cultural region which encompasses parts of the modern-day states of Haryana, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh in northwestern India.
Meo, is an ethnic group from the Mewat region from north-western India, particularly from the Nuh district of Haryana and parts of adjacent Alwar and Bharatpur districts in Rajasthan. They speak Mewati, a language of the Indo-Aryan language family, although in some areas the language dominance of Urdu and Hindi has seen Meos adopt these languages instead.
Alwar is a district in the state of Rajasthan in northern India, whose district headquarters is Alwar city. The district covers 8,380 km2. It is bound on the north by Rewari district of Haryana, on the east by Bharatpur district of Rajasthan and Nuh district of Haryana, on the south by Dausa district, and on the west by Jaipur district.
Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman is an Indian scholar of Unani medicine. He founded Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine and Sciences in 2000. He had earlier served as Professor and chairman, Department of Ilmul Advia at the Ajmal Khan Tibbiya College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, for over 40 years before retiring as Dean Faculty of Unani Medicine. Presently, he is serving AMU as "Honorary Treasurer". In 2006, the Government of India awarded him the Padma Shri for his contribution to Unani Medicine.
Ferozepur Jhirka, also known as Ferojpur Jhirka, is a town, near Nuh city in Nuh district in the state of Haryana, India.
Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine and Sciences (IAMMS) is a trust registered under the Indian Trusts Act, 1882. Mohammad Hamid Ansari, former vice-chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, formally inaugurated it on 21 April 2001. Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India gave accreditation to the academy in 2004 and promoted it as 'centre of excellence' in 2008. Membership of the academy is open to anyone who has an interest in the academy's activities particularly on history of medicine and history of science. Being a charitable organization, donations to the Academy are also exempted from Income Tax under section 80G of the Income Tax Act 1961.
Hakim Syed Muhammad Karam Hussain was an Unani practitioner from Tijara, Alwar.
Dawakhana Shifaul Amraz (Regd), was a Unani pharmaceutical company established in 1894 at Tijara, India. It was one of the largest manufacturer of many Unani medicine before the partition of India.
Qazi Syed Mohammad Rafi was an Islamic religious fundamentalist from Mewat (Haryana) in British India. He was an influential personality in areas near Mewat and authored many books on religious issues.
Qazi Syed Mohammad Zaman was a judge edicted in accordance with the laws of sharia from Sakras, now in District Mewat, Haryana.
Qāḍī Sayyid Rāfiʿ Muḥammad Dasondhi was a scholar of repute from Sakras, District Gurgaon. He belonged to the family of Gardēzī Sadaat.
Qazi Syed Inayatullah was a scholar of Fiqh from Sakras, District Mewat (Haryana). He belonged to the family of Gardēzī Sadaat.
Qazi Syed Hayatullah was a Muslim scholar of Fiqh from Sakras, District Mewat. He belonged to the family of Gardēzī Sadaat.
Qazi Ghulam Mustafa was one of the prominent noblemen during the Mughal empire. He was entitled 'Kar Talab Khan' by Bahadur Shah I. He was Emir and belonged to Ferozepur Jhirka.
Ali Asghar was one of the prominent Emir and nobleman during the Mughal empire. He was entitled 'Khan Zaman Khan Bahadur' by Emperor Farrukhsiyar. He remained in many important posts during the successive rules of Bahadur Shah I, Jahandar Shah, Farrukhsiyar, Rafi ud Darajat, Shah Jahan II and Muhammad Shah.
Ghulam Mansoor was Subedar-Major in 1867 at Bhopal State.
Munshi Hakimuddin (1839–1894) was Chief Secretary at Bhopal state during the period of Nawab Shah Jahan Begum.
Ghasera Fort is a ruined fort in Ghasera village in Nuh district of Haryana state in northern India, which has been notified as a protected monument by the state government. Currently, the majority of the residents of the village are Muslim Meos, though Hindus also live there.
The Khanzada of Mewat was ruling dynasty of Muslim Rajputs from Rajputana who had their capital at Alwar. The Khanzadas were Muslim Rajputs who descended from Raja Sonpar Pal who was a Yaduvanshi Rajput who converted to Islam during the period of the Delhi Sultanate in India.