Tijara

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Tijara
Tehsil
Tijara Jain temple
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Tijara
Location in Rajasthan, India
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Tijara
Tijara (India)
Coordinates: 27°56′N76°51′E / 27.93°N 76.85°E / 27.93; 76.85
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Rajasthan
District Khairthal-Tijara
Tehsil Tijara
Government
  BodyGovernment of Rajasthan
  MLA Mahant Balaknath (BJP)
Languages
  Official Hindi
  Spoken Ahirwati, Mewati
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
301411
Telephone code01469
Lok Sabha constituency Alwar
Vidhan Sabha Constituency Tijara

Tijara is a city and a municipality in Khairthal-Tijara district of the Indian state of Rajasthan. Tijara comes under the NCR area and is situated 55 km to the northeast of Alwar. The nearest railway station to Tijara is Khairthal. Bhiwadi is a census town in Tijara. It is the biggest industrial area of Rajasthan and part of the historical Ahirwal Mewat region. Tijara is dominated by Yadav and Meo community.

Contents

History

Tijara Fort was established by Maharaja of Parmar Rajputs, after which Rao Tej Pal, Raja of Sarahata as a scion of the Yadava family, repaired palaces at Tijara. [1]

The city was largely inhabited by Ahirs or Muslim Meos since ancient times. The Yadav's from Tijara are settled in villages of Delhi. In 850 Vikram Samvat, Yadav King Charu Rao was the king of Tijara. His 9 descendants up to Rao Chandrabhanu Singh ruled tijara till 1040s. In around 1043 A.D, the family of Rao Harpal of tijara, son of chandrabhanu, settled his family in the Dabur area of modern Delhi, with its headquarters at Surhera. Rao Inderjit Singh is a descendant of Charu Rao. [2]

An early mention of Tijara is found in the book, Mirat ul Masaud, which relates how Saiyad Ibrahim Mashhadi Barah Hazari (died 421 AH / 1030 CE), teacher of Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud, and an officer of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni, in A.H. 420 (1030 CE) attacked Dhundgarh near Rewari, the Raja of which fled to his kinsman, Rao Tej Pal. The latter, in a night attack, killed Saiyad Ibrahim, but his disciple Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud compelled Tej Pal to flee to Tijara, where three relatives of Salar were killed in battle.

The descendants of Syed Maroofuddin, brother of Syed Salar Sahu, remained in Tijara till 1857 when they shifted to Bhopal during the rebellion of 1857. Many participated against British forces and were killed, but some Syed families are now living in Bhopal. Munshi Hakimuddin, who served as Chief Secretary at Bhopal during the reign of Shah Jahan Begum, is a direct descendant of Syed Maroofuddin Ghazi. The tombs of some associates of Syed Mohammad Dost (Nana Barah Hazari), Rukn Alam Shaheed, Roshan Shaheed, and Bhakan Shaheed in and around the town of Tijara are now places of pilgrimage. [3]

Another tomb of the cousin of Saiyad Ibrahim Mashhadi (Barah Hazari), Syed Hameeduddin can also be seen at Kot Qasim (20 km away from Tijara), who was going as injured after the battle of Tijara to Rewari. [4]

A sanad (decree conferring the title of property) of Akbar's time speaks of "Tijara Shahbad" as though they were the principal towns of a district. [5]

In the Ain-i-Akbari, the Khanzada Rajputs tribe was living in Tijara, where they occupied a brick fort along with 405,108 bighas of land of which the annual revenue was 11,906,847 rupees. The tribe had 400 cavalry and 2000 infantry soldiers at its disposal. [6] Tijara was a part of Mewat State, which was ruled by Khanzada Rajputs.

In 1402, after the death of Raja Nahar Khan, his kingdom was divided among his 9 sons. His son, Malik Alaudin Khan, became the Jagirdar of Tijara. Khanzada Ikram Khan, a direct descendant of Malik Alaudin Khan, revolted against the Subahdar Khalilullah of Mewat during the era of Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb. He removed the Subahdar from his post and fort and took control of Tijara and the surrounding districts. Subahdar Khalilullah went for an aide to Aurangzeb, who then sent Jai Singh I to crush the revolting Khanzada chief, Ikram Khan.

Dehra-Tijara was a well-developed region. The discovery of the image of Shri 1008 Bhagwan Chandraprabhu in 1956 has a remarkable history. [7] [8]

Tijara fort, now a heritage hotel Tijara.jpg
Tijara fort, now a heritage hotel

Khanzadas Community in large number also lived in this town before partition in 1947. Fateh Naseeb Khan of the Khanzada community, who was the Commander-in-chief of Alwar State in early 1930s, hailed from Tijara. [9] [10] [11] [12]

Tijara Fort was converted into a heritage hotel by the Neemrana Hotels group. [13] The Tijari fort at Alwar is not a ruin but a building that had been left unfinished in 1845 because of war; the Neemrana Hotels has undertaken completion. [14] [15]

Jain Temple

In 1956, the excavation work was taken up for the widening of the roads. While digging, a small "Talghar" was found. Saraswati Devi discovered an idol on Shravan Shukla Dashmi. The image bears the date "Vaishakh Shukla 3,1554 Vikram Samvat". Later on, one white idol of god Chandraprabhu was discovered on 29 March 1972 by Acharya Vimal Sagar. [13]

Geography

Tijara is located at 27°56′N76°51′E / 27.93°N 76.85°E / 27.93; 76.85 . [16] It has an average elevation of 291 metres (954 feet). Tijara can be reached via State Highway 25 (Rajasthan) which connects Gangapur city with Daruhera via Bhiwadi. Guwalda is biggest village in population and area in Tijara tehsil. Nearby towns are Ferozepur Jhirka and Nuh in Haryana, and Alwar, Tapukara, Bhiwadi, and Kishangarh Bas in Rajasthan.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, [17] Tijara had a population of 19,918. Males constitute 53% of the population and females, 47%. Tijara has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 51%. In Tijara, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alwar</span> City in Rajasthan, India

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mewat</span> Region in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Haryana, India

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alwar district</span> District of Rajasthan in India

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References

  1. Singh, Chandramani (2002). Protected Monuments of Rajasthan. Jawahar Kala Kendra, 2002. p. 68. ISBN   9788186782606.
  2. Narayan, Laxmi (1998). "2". Rao Tula ram and his successors (Thesis). Maharishi dayanand university. hdl:10603/114767.
  3. Major P.W. Powlett. Gazetteer of Ulwar (late settlement officer of Ulwar), London: Trubner and Co. Ludgate Hill, 1878, page 129-130
  4. Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman (2008). "Chapter: Rajasthan wa Mewat ki Ahmiyat". Hayat Karam Husain (2nd ed.). Aligarh/India: Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine and Sciences. pp. 20–22. OCLC   852404214.
  5. Major P.W. Powlett. Gazetteer of Ulwar (late settlement officer of Ulwar), London: Trubner and Co. Ludgate Hill, 1878, page 133
  6. "Sarkar of Tijarah". Ain i Akbari
  7. J Brigg's Farishta, vol. i. p. 471 to 481, and Musalmau Historians
  8. Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman (2008). "Chapter: Qazi Syed Inayatullah". Hayat Karam Husain (2nd ed.). Aligarh/India: Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine and Sciences. pp. 29–43. OCLC   852404214.
  9. Hayat Karam Hussain (Biography). Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine and Sciences, Aligarh, India. 2006.
  10. "Biography". Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine and Sciences, Aligarh, India.
  11. Om Prakash Jaggi (1967). History of Science, Technology and Medicine in India: Medicine in Medieval India. Vol. 8. New Delhi: Atma Ram and Sons.
  12. Keswani, Nandkumar H (1970). "Medical Education in India since ancient times". In Victor E. Hall and CD O’Malley (ed.). UCLA Forum in Medical Sciences (No. 12) – The history of Medical Education (12th ed.). California, LA: University of California Press. pp.  329–366. ISBN   0520015789.
  13. 1 2 "Holding fort". India Today. 27 November 2008.
  14. Malini Goyal, Forbes India, Hotel kings bring back the fine life to palaces, IBN Live, 24 August 2009
  15. Chitra Subramanyam, Holding fort, India Today, 27 November 2008
  16. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Tijara
  17. "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.