|Rio de Janeiro (RJ)
|Rio de Janeiro
Tijuca (Portuguese pronunciation: [tʃiˈʒukɐ] ) (meaning marsh or swamp in the Tupi language, from ty ("water") and îuk ("rotten") ) is a neighbourhood of the Northern Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It comprises the region of Saens Peña and Afonso Pena squares. According to the 2000 Census, the district has close to 150,000 inhabitants. It borders with Praça da Bandeira, Maracanã, Vila Isabel, Andaraí, Grajaú and Alto da Boa Vista neighbourhoods.
It is one of the most traditional districts of Rio de Janeiro and has the third largest urban forest in the world, the Tijuca Forest, which is result of reforestation from coffee fields that led to lack of water at that time.Mainly a middle class district, it has been historically inhabited by Portuguese immigrant families and the families of military officers.
Tijuca hosts Salgueiro, Império da Tijuca and Unidos da Tijuca, three of the main Rio de Janeiro Samba Schools, that together have won 13 titles.
Tijuca is also home to many favelas such as Salgueiro, Borel, Formiga, Turano and Casa Branca.
Tijuca is also known for its vibrant cultural scene and entertainment options. The neighborhood has several theaters, cinemas, and music venues, as well as a wide range of restaurants, bars, and cafes. Tijuca's nightlife is particularly popular, with several clubs and music venues attracting both locals and tourists.
One of the most popular events in Tijuca is the Carnival parade, which takes place every year during the week leading up to Lent. The neighborhood's samba schools participate in the parade, showcasing their elaborate costumes and dance routines. Tijuca's Carnival parade is known for its lively atmosphere and is one of the most popular events in Rio de Janeiro's Carnival celebrations.
Tijuca is a popular destination for sports enthusiasts, with several parks, gyms, and sports facilities located throughout the neighborhood. The Maracanã Stadium is particularly popular, hosting several soccer matches throughout the year, including matches featuring Rio de Janeiro's two largest soccer teams, Flamengo and Fluminense.
Tijuca is also home to several hiking trails and outdoor activities, including rock climbing and hang gliding. The Tijuca Forest offers several hiking trails, including one that leads to the summit of Pico da Tijuca, the highest point in the city.
Tijuca has a well-developed infrastructure, with several hospitals, schools, and shopping centers located throughout the neighborhood. Some of the most notable hospitals in Tijuca include the Hospital São Vicente de Paulo, Hospital Universitário Pedro Ernesto, and Hospital Federal do Andaraí.
Tijuca also has several shopping centers, including the Shopping Tijuca, which is one of the largest shopping malls in the city. The mall has over 200 stores, a cinema, and a food court, making it a popular destination for shoppers.
Tijuca is well-connected to the rest of Rio de Janeiro through several public transportation options, including buses and the metro. The neighborhood is also served by several major highways, making it easily accessible by car.
Rio de Janeiro, or simply Rio, is the capital of the state of the same name, and the second most populous city in Brazil, after São Paulo. Listed by the GaWC as a beta global city, Rio de Janeiro is the sixth most populous city in the Americas. Part of the city has been designated as a World Heritage Site, named "Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea", on 1 July 2012 as a Cultural Landscape.
The Tijuca National Park is an urban national park in the mountains of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The park is part of the Atlantic Forest Biosphere Preserve, and is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio).
The Carnival of Brazil is an annual festival held the Friday afternoon before Ash Wednesday at noon, which marks the beginning of Lent, the forty-day period before Easter. During Lent, Roman Catholics and some other Christians traditionally abstained from the consumption of meat and poultry, hence the term "carnival", from carnelevare, "to remove meat."
Grêmio Recreativo Escola de Samba Acadêmicos do Salgueiro, popularly known simply as Salgueiro is a popular samba school from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It was established on March 5, 1953 from the merger of Morro do Salgueiro's two samba schools called Azul e Branco do Salgueiro and Depois Eu Digo, which then merged again with Unidos do Salgueiro. It first paraded in 1954 with the Romaria à Bahia samba. The school's motto is "Not better, nor worse, just a different school".
The Rio de Janeiro Metro, commonly referred to as just the Metrô is a rapid transit network that serves the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Metrô was inaugurated on 5 March 1979, and consisted of five stations operating on a single line. The system currently covers a total of 58 kilometres (36 mi), serving 41 stations, divided into three lines: Line 1 ; Line 2, which together travel over a shared stretch of line that covers 10 stations of an approximate distance of 5 kilometres (3.1 mi); and Line 4. Metrô Rio has the second highest passenger volume of the metro systems in Brazil, after the São Paulo Metro.
Barra da Tijuca is an upper-class neighborhood or bairro in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, located in the western portion of the city on the Atlantic Ocean. Barra is well known for its beaches, its many lakes and rivers, and its lifestyle. This neighbourhood represents 4.7% of the city population and 13% of the total area of Rio de Janeiro.
Jacarepaguá, with a land area of 29.27 square miles (75.8 km2), is a neighborhood situated in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In 2010, it had a population of 157,326. The name comes from the indigenous name of the location, "shallow pond of caymans", yakaré + upá (pond) + guá (shallow), by the time of the Portuguese colonization.
Clóvis Bornay was a Brazilian museologist, actor, and maker of Carnival costumes for more than 40 years, which made him famous throughout the nation, and he continues to be honored and the subject at Carnival parades today. He also composed some of the Carnival songs in the 1960s and 1970s and was the costume designer for the Salgueiro parade in 1966; Unidos de Lucas from 1967 to 1969; GRES Portela in 1969 and 1970, where he won at this carnival for his theme "Legends and Mysteries of the Amazon"; GRES Mocidade Independente de Padre Miguel in 1972 and 1973; and lastly Unidos da Tijuca in 1973.
Maracanã is a middle-class neighborhood in the Northern Zone of Rio de Janeiro city. The Maracanã Stadium is located in this neighborhood, as well as the Ginásio do Maracanãzinho. Maracanã is bordered by these neighborhoods: Praça da Bandeira, Tijuca and Vila Isabel.
Bangu is a neighborhood in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is a middle-class neighborhood. It is located in the western area of the city being one of the most populated districts, with 244,518 inhabitants  distributed in an area of 4570.69 ha. Located in the geographic center of the city, the neighborhood is close to Campo Grande, Senador Camará, Vila Aliança, Padre Miguel and Realengo. On November 22, 2004, the mayor of Rio de Janeiro César Maia created by decree the district Gericinó. The neighborhood was originally part of the neighborhood of Bangu, the region where the penitentiary of Bangu is located, besides Bangu dump. The region is where Gericinó was located containing the sub-district of the Aqueduct. Since 2004, the complex of Bangu and dump of Bangu, no longer belong to the neighborhood of Bangu.
Carnival blocks, carnaval blocos or blocos de rua are street bands that mobilize crowds on the streets and are the main popular expression of Brazilian Carnival. These parades fall under the term "street carnival", and happen during a period of about one month, beginning before and finishing after Carnival. Blocos usually perform Brazilian rhythms, such as marchinha, samba, frevo, maracatu, and axé.
Liga Independente das Escolas de Samba do Rio de Janeiro, commonly known by the acronym LIESA, is the principal association that organizes the Carnival of the city of Rio de Janeiro.
The Grêmio Recreativo Escola de Samba Portela from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil is a traditional samba school. Founded in 1923, it has the highest number of wins in the top-tier Rio parade, with 22 titles in total, including the 2017 Carnival parade.
The Grêmio Recreativo Escola de Samba União da Ilha do Governador was founded on March 7, 1953 by the friends Maurício Gazelle, and Quincas Orphylo, who were in Cacuia, the main site of the carnival parade of the Ilha do Governador, watching the presentation of small schools of samba and blocks of various districts of the island. It was then decided that the neighborhood of Cacuia should be represented by a samba school. Currently, the school is based in Estrada do Galeão in the neighborhood of Cacuia.
Aldeia Campista was a neighborhood in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, close to contemporary Vila Isabel, Tijuca, Maracanã and Andaraí.
Gracyanne Jacobina Barbosa Vieira is a Brazilian fitness model and Carnaval dancer.
The closing ceremony of the 2016 Summer Olympics was held on 21 August 2016 from 20:00 to 22:50 BRT at the Maracanã Stadium, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Rio de Janeiro is on the far western part of a strip of Brazil's Atlantic coast, close to the Tropic of Capricorn, where the shoreline is oriented east–west. Facing largely south, the city was founded on an inlet of this stretch of the coast, Guanabara Bay, and its entrance is marked by a point of land called Sugar Loaf – a "calling card" of the city.
Nelson Sargento OMC was a Brazilian composer, singer, Brazilian popular music researcher, visual artist, actor, and writer.
Maria das Dores Alves Rodrigues, better known as Dodô da Portela, was a famous flag bearer for the Portela samba school, the most successful school in the annual Rio de Janeiro Carnival in Brazil.