Tikar language

Last updated
Native to Cameroon
Ethnicity Tikar, Bedzan
Native speakers
110,000 (2005) [1]
  • Ndobo
  • Bedzan (Medzan)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 tik
Glottolog tika1246

Tikar (also called Tigé, Tigré or Tikari) is a Northern Bantoid, semi-Bantu language that is spoken in Cameroon by the Tikar people, as well as by the Bedzan Pygmies, who speak their own dialect of the language. [2] A recent hypothesis by Roger Blench suggests that the Tikar language could be a divergent language in the Niger-Congo language family with an uncertain origin. [2]



The little evidence available suggests that it is most closely related to the Mambiloid and Dakoid languages. [2]


The Tikar language has four dialects, including Tikari, Tigé, and Túmú. [3] [4]

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  1. Tikar at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. 1 2 3 Blench, Roger (2011). "'The membership and internal structure of Bantoid and the border with Bantu" (PDF). Berlin: Humboldt University. p. 16.
  3. Stanley, Carol. 1991. Description morphosyntaxique de la langue Tikar (parlée au Cameroun). Ph.D. Sorbonne. SIL International.
  4. PRICE, DAVID (1979). "Who Are the Tikar Now?". Paideuma. 25: 89–98. JSTOR   23076439.