Tikhomirov Scientific Research Institute of Instrument Design

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Tikhomirov Scientific Research Institute of Instrument Design
Native name
Научно-исследовательский институт приборостроения имени В. В. Тихомирова
Type Joint stock company
Industry Radio-frequency engineering
Founded1955;66 years ago (1955)
Headquarters,
Area served
Europe and Asia
ProductsRadars, Radar seekers, Phased Array Antennas and Aircraft Weapon Control Systems, Medium Range Air Defense Missile Systems, Radar Control Systems, Missiles
Owner Russian Federation
Number of employees
2,109  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Parent Almaz-Antey
Website www.niip.ru (in Russian)
NIIP headquarters facade Fasad glavnogo korpusa NIIP imeni V.V. Tikhomirova.jpg
NIIP headquarters facade

JSC V.V. Tikhomirov Scientific Research Institute of Instrument Design (Russian : ОАО «Научно-исследовательский институт приборостроения имени В.В.Тихомирова», Russian : НИИП, NIIP) is a joint stock company, one of the major Russian enterprises in the development of weaponry control systems for fighter planes and mobile medium range anti-aircraft SAM defence vehicles.

Contents

History

The institute was created on March 1, 1955 as a branch of the Moscow NII-17 by the Ministry of Aircraft Industry of the USSR Council of Ministers (Resolution No. 2436-1005, September 18, 1954). In February 1956, the NII-17 branch was reorganized into an independent enterprise, commonly known as Scientific Research Institute for Instrumentation, or NIIP.

At present, NIIP is a modern technically equipped enterprise with a developed industrial and economic infrastructure.[ citation needed ] The total area occupied by the Institute is 42000 square meters.[ citation needed ]

Products and developments

Radar Control Systems

Medium Range Air Defense Missile Systems

TEL of the 2P25 Kub with missiles erected Sa6 1.jpg
TEL of the 2P25 Kub with missiles erected

Aircraft Weapon Control Systems

MiG-31 'Foxhound' showing its Zaslon phased-array radar DN-ST-92-02246.JPEG
MiG-31 'Foxhound' showing its Zaslon phased-array radar

Phased Array Antennas

Radar Seekers

Civil Products

Notable employees

Heads of the institute

Lead researchers and engineers

See also

Related Research Articles

Active electronically scanned array Type of phased array radar

An active electronically scanned array (AESA) is a type of phased array antenna, which is a computer-controlled array antenna in which the beam of radio waves can be electronically steered to point in different directions without moving the antenna. In the AESA, each antenna element is connected to a small solid-state transmit/receive module (TRM) under the control of a computer, which performs the functions of a transmitter and/or receiver for the antenna. This contrasts with a passive electronically scanned array (PESA), in which all the antenna elements are connected to a single transmitter and/or receiver through phase shifters under the control of the computer. AESA's main use is in radar, and these are known as active phased array radar (APAR).

Novator KS-172 Long range air-to-air missile

The Novator KS-172 is a Russian air-to-air missile designed as an "AWACS killer" at ranges up to 400 km. The missile has had various names during its history, including K-100, Izdeliye 172, AAM-L (RVV-L), KS–172, KS-1, 172S-1 and R-172. The airframe appears to have been derived from the 9K37 Buk surface-to-air missile (SAM) but development stalled in the mid-1990s for lack of funds. It appears to have restarted in 2004 after a deal with India, who wants to produce the missile in India for their Su-30MKI fighters. It is the heaviest air-to-air missile ever produced.

2K12 Kub Tracked medium-range surface-to-air missile system

The 2K12 "Kub" mobile surface-to-air missile system is a Soviet low to medium-level air defence system designed to protect ground forces from air attack. "2К12" is the GRAU designation of the system.

Buk missile system Russian surface-to-air missile system

The Buk missile system is a family of self-propelled, medium-range surface-to-air missile systems developed by the Soviet Union and its successor state, the Russian Federation, and designed to counter cruise missiles, smart bombs, fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft, and unmanned aerial vehicles.

Shenyang J-11 Chinese air superiority fighter

The Shenyang J-11 is a twin-engine jet fighter of the People's Republic of China whose airframe is based on the Soviet-designed Sukhoi Su-27. It is manufactured by the Shenyang Aircraft Corporation (SAC). The aircraft is operated by the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) and the People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force (PLANAF).

Passive electronically scanned array

A passive electronically scanned array (PESA), also known as passive phased array, is an antenna in which the beam of radio waves can be electronically steered to point in different directions, in which all the antenna elements are connected to a single transmitter and/or receiver. The largest use of phased arrays is in radars. Most phased array radars in the world are PESA. The civilian microwave landing system uses PESA transmit-only arrays.

Phazotron-NIIR

JSC Phazotron-NIIR, is Russia's largest developer of military radars and avionics. Named after one of its major projects, the first cosmotron in the former-USSR, it was formed in June 1917 to produce aviation instruments. Its main office is located in Moscow and it has 25 affiliated companies, branches and separate units in Moscow and other cities in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. It employs an estimated 5000 employees. During the Soviet era, it was commonly known as the Scientific Research Institute of Radar, NII Radar or NIIR.

Sukhoi Su-30MKK Variant version of the Su-30MK multirole fighter aircraft

The Sukhoi Su-30MKK is a modification of the Sukhoi Su-30, incorporating advanced technology from the Sukhoi Su-35 variant. The Su-30MKK was developed by Sukhoi in 1997, as a result of a direct Request for tender between the Russian Federation and China. It is a heavy class, all-weather, long-range strike fighter, and like the Sukhoi Su-30, comparable to the American McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle. Su-30MK2 is a further improvement to Su-30MKK with upgraded avionics and maritime strike capabilities. The MKK and MK2 are currently operated by the People's Liberation Army Air Force, Indonesian Air Force, Vietnam People's Air Force, Venezuelan Air Force and the Ugandan Air Force.

Zhuk (radar)

The Zhuk are a family of Russian all-weather multimode airborne radars developed by NIIR Phazotron for multi-role combat aircraft such as the MiG-29 and the Su-27. The PESA versions were also known as the Sokol.

Bars radar Russian radars

The Bars (Leopard) is a family of Russian all-weather multimode airborne radars developed by the Tikhomirov Scientific Research Institute of Instrument Design for multi-role combat aircraft such as the Su-27 and the MiG-29.

Zaslon

The Russian BRLS-8B "Zaslon" (Barrier) is an all-weather multimode airborne radar developed between 1975 and 1980 by the Tikhomirov Scientific Research Institute of Instrument Design as part of the weapons control system of the MiG-31 supersonic interceptor. The NATO reporting name for the radar is Flash Dance with the designations "SBI-16", "RP-31", "N007" and "S-800" also being associated with the radar.

The KLJ-7, also referred to as the Type 1478, is an X band airborne fire-control radar (FCR) developed by Nanjing Research Institute of Electronic Technology (NRIET), also known as the China Electronics Technology Company's (CETC's) No. 14 Research Institute. In December 2010, Pakistan Air Force's Air Chief Marshal Rao Qamar Suleman announced that KLJ-7 radar will be built at Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC), in Kamra, north of Islamabad.

N001 Mech is a Russian all-weather multimode airborne radar developed by the Tikhomirov Scientific Research Institute of Instrument Design (NIIP) for the Su-27 multi-role combat aircraft.

Irbis-E

Irbis-E is a Russian multi-mode, hybrid passive electronically scanned array radar system developed by Tikhomirov NIIP for the Su-35 multi-purpose fighter aircraft. NIIP developed the Irbis-E radar from the N011M Bars radar system used on Sukoi SU-30MKI aircraft.

Ardalion Ardalionovich Rastov was a Soviet engineer and chief designer of Kub and Buk surface-to-air missile systems.

Mikoyan MiG-35 Strike fighter aircraft

The Mikoyan MiG-35 is a Russian multirole fighter that is designed by Mikoyan, a division of the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC). Marketed as a 4++ generation jet fighter, it is a further development of the MiG-29M/M2 and MiG-29K/KUB fighters. According to a Russian defense industry source Mikoyan MiG-35 is essentially an upgraded variant of MiG-29KR. Many consider MiG-35 a new name given by Mikoyan for marketing. The first prototype was a modification of the aircraft that previously served as a MiG-29M2 model demonstrator. Mikoyan first officially presented the MiG-35 internationally during the 2007 Aero India air show but the first two serial production aircraft entered service in 2019.

Victor Vasilievitch Tikhomirov was an outstanding Soviet engineer and scientist in the fields of radio electronics and automation. He was a corresponding member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, three times a laureate of the Stalin Prize, and was awarded two Orders of Lenin and other orders and medals. He led development of the first full radar system in the USSR.

Valentin Vasilievitch Matyashev was a General Director of the Research Institute of Instrument Design (NIIP) from 1978 to 1998, Professor, Laureate of the Lenin and State awards, academician of the International Academy of Informatization.

Byelka (radar)

N036 Byelka is an advanced active electronically scanned array radar system developed by Tikhomirov NIIP for the fifth generation Sukhoi Su-57 fighter aircraft.

There are several surface-to-air missile design bureaus in Russia, including MKB Fakel, NPO Novator, and DNPP.