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Metropolitan Tikhon (Russian : Митрополит Тихон, secular name Georgiy Alexandrovich Shevkunov, Russian : Георгий Александрович Шевкунов; born 2 July 1958 in Moscow) is a bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church and a popular writer. He is the Metropolitan of Pskov and Porkhov and was from 2015 to 2018 the head of the Western Vicariat of Moscow city.
He was superior of the Sretensky Monastery in Moscow from 1995 to 2018.Tikhon is often referred to as the personal confessor of Russian President Vladimir Putin.
In 1982 Georgy Shevkunov graduated from the Screenwriter school of the Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography. The same year he accepted Christianity, was baptizedand moved to the Pskov-Caves Monastery first as a toiler then as a novice. His confessor was Archimandrite John Krestiankin.
In 1986 he was transferred to the Publishing Department of the Moscow Patriarchate, where he worked under Metropolitan Pitirim (Nechayev). His first appointment was connected with commemoration of the millennium anniversary Baptizing of Rus.
In the first Perestroika years he published a few polemic articles including "Ne uchastvuyte v delakh t'my" (Do not participate in the business of the darkness) originally published in the Zhurnal Moskovskoy Patriarkhiiand republished more than one hundred times by different publishers. The work criticized then emerged practice of occult healing. His article "The Church and the State" was published by Literaturnaya Rossiya in November 1990. In the article Shevkunov argued that emerging Russian democracy would definitely act against Russian Orthodox Church.
On 2 July 1991 in Donskoy Monastery Georgiy Shevkunov took monastic vows assuming the name Tikhon after Patriarch Tikhon of Moscow. At the same time he was ordained into a Hierodeacon and in a month he was ordained into a Hieromonk.
In 1993 Tikhon was appointed the head of the newly created Moscow Metochion of the Pskov-Caves Monastery. The building of the Metochion was previously occupied by the collective of Orthodox Christian thinker and missionary Georgy Kochetkov. Tikhon later criticized Kochetkov and his followers for their "modernism".
In 1995 the Metochion was reformed into the restored Sretensky Stauropegic Monastery and on 8 September 1995 Patriarch Alexy II ordained Tikhon into a Hegumen.
On 8 September 1998 Tikhon was elevated to Archimandrite status.
In 1999 he was appointed the Rector of the Sretensky Spiritual Seminary, He graduated (by correspondence) the same seminary in 2004.
On 5 March 2010 he was appointed the Responsible Secretary of the Patriarch's Council for Cultureand on 31 March 2010 a member of the Council for Culture at President of Russia.
Since 22 March 2011 he has been a member of the Supreme Council of the Russian Orthodox Church.
22 October 2015 the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church appointed Tikhon to be a Vicar of Moscow Eparchy. The next day was announced the Bishop of Yegoryevsk and on 24 October 2015 Patriarch Kirill of Moscow Chirotonized him as the Bishop. On 29 October 2015 he was appointed the head of the Western Vicariat of Moscow city.
Tikhon organized construction of a huge Cathedral to New Martyrs and Confessors of Russian Church in the historical centre of Moscow, Lubyanka. The construction is considered controversial as the newly-built cathedral (55 meters high) would be much higher than Dormition Cathedral in Moscow Kremlin (45 meters high). Building of churches higher than Dormition Cathedral was traditionally forbidden in Moscow.
Tikhon is the author of the following books:
Tikhon organized a number of historical exhibitions in Moscow Manege. The last one "My History. 20th Century" was devoted to the 1930-1940s in Russia and often talked about supposed positive contributions by Joseph Stalin [ citation needed ]. The critics considered the exhibition as an "apology of the Orthodox Christian Stalinism".
Tikhon is a prolific internet writer. He is the editor-in-chief of the internet-portal Pravoslavie.ru and the author of many publications there.
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Tikhon is considered to be an ultra-conservative, but it is claimed that he never published anything 'xenophobic.'However, while leading a commission investigating the execution of Tsar Nicholas II and his family, Tikhon stated in 2017 that "many members of the commission believe it was a ritual murder that held special significance for Bolshevik commander Yakov Yurovsky," the commander of the execution squad who was of Jewish birth. This description fits the longstanding formula of blood libels used as pretexts for pogroms and other atrocities against Jews in Europe. Tikhon contested that his accusations were antisemitic or that they referred to Jews at all.
Tikhon supports the Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation and he is a member of Crimean Expert-Consultative Council.
He is said to be against ecumenism between the Catholic Church and the Russian Orthodox Church, repeating the saying “Catholics are not even a church and as a result not even Christian.”
Tikhon is rumoured to be the personal confessor (духовник) and spiritual adviserof Russian president Vladimir Putin although both men neither confirm nor denied it. Once asked about his relations with Putin, Tikhon answered: "You can believe those rumours if you want, but they certainly aren’t spread by me," adding "I am no Cardinal Richelieu!" Still the men are very close, with Putin often taking Tikhon on his international trips. Their acquaintance goes back to late '90s. According to controversial Russian banker Sergei Pugachev, it was he who introduced Shevkunov to Putin.
Tikhon is awarded Order of Friendship (2008) and a number of other church and state awards.
Tikhon of Moscow, born Vasily Ivanovich Bellavin, was a bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC). On 5 November 1917 (OS) he was selected the 11th Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, after a period of about 200 years of the Synodal rule in the ROC. He was canonised as a confessor by the ROC in 1989.
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Pskov-Pechory Monastery or The Pskovo-Pechersky Dormition Monastery or Pskovo-Pechersky Monastery is a Russian Orthodox male monastery, located in Pechory, Pskov Oblast in Russia, just a few kilometers from the Estonian border. Pskov-Caves Monastery is one of the few Russian monasteries that have never been closed at any point in their existence, including during World War II and the Soviet regime. The monastery has been an important spiritual centre for the Seto people.
Sretensky Monastery is an Orthodox monastery in Moscow, founded by Grand Prince Vasili I in 1397. It used to be located close to the present-day Red Square, but in the early 16th century it was moved northeast to what is now Bolshaya Lubyanka Street. The Sretensky Monastery gave its name to adjacent streets and byways, namely Sretenka Street, Sretensky Boulevard, Sretensky Lane, Sretensky Deadend, and Sretensky Gates Square. Sretensky Theological Academy is subordinated to the monastery.
Archimandrite John was an archimandrite of the Pskov Caves Monastery of Russian Orthodox Church.
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Metropolitan Cornelius was an Estonian metropolitan bishop of Tallinn and All Estonia, the head of the Estonian Orthodox Church of Moscow Patriarchate.
Matilda is а 2017 Russian historical romantic drama film directed by Alexei Uchitel. It was released in cinemas on October 26, 2017. The picture tells the story about the relationship between ballerina Matilda Kshesinskaya and Nicholas II.
The Church of the Holy Trinity, also called the Russian Church, in Belgrade is a metochion of the Russian Orthodox church in Belgrade, Serbia. It was erected in 1924 according to the plans of Russian émigré architect Valery Stashevsky and was meant mainly for refugees from Soviet Russia who arrived in Serbia in thousands from 1920, after the defeat of the White Army in European part of Russia in the Russian Civil War. The church is located on the northern edge of the Tašmajdan Park, next to a much bigger St. Mark's of the Serbian Orthodox Church.
Archbishop Tikhon (Zaitsev) (Russian: Тихон (Зайцев), secular name Alexander Viktorovich Zaitsev, Russian: Александр Викторович Зайцев; born 13 April 1967), is the archbishop of Podolsky and the primate of the diocese of Berlin and Germany of the Russian Orthodox Church; he holds the title of "Archbishop of Berlin and Germany".
Everyday Saints and Other Stories is a book by the Russian author Archimandrite Tikhon, published in 2011. It is a bestseller, and over 1.1 million copies in Russian have been sold. Its translator Julian Henry Lowenfeld was baptized into the Orthodox faith that same year, on Holy Saturday, in Moscow's Sretensky Monastery, where Archimandrite Tikhon was hegumen at the time. At the beginning of 2019, more than 3 million copies had already been sold in Russia. The English translation of the book was the subject of an event held in the Diplomatic Receptions Hall at Russia’s Consulate General in Manhattan. A few days earlier there was a presentation of the book in the Library of Congress.
Pravoslavie.ru is a Russian Orthodox information Internet portal. It was created on 29 December 1999 by the editors of Sretensky Monastery's Internet projects. It is run by the blessing of Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Media related to Tikhon (Shevkunov) at Wikimedia Commons