Tikhon Streshnev

Last updated
Tikhon Streshnev.jpg
A church built by Streshnev in Uzkoye Kazanskaia tserkov' v Uzkom.jpg
A church built by Streshnev in Uzkoye

Tikhon Nikitich Streshnev (Russian : Тихон Никитич Стрешнев; 1649 15 January 1719, in St Petersburg) was a Russian boyar and statesman during the reign of Peter I of Russia, one of the first members of the Governing Senate and the first governor of Moscow after the post was reformed by Peter. Several noted historians have suggestedciting the extreme height of both Peter and Tikhonthat Streshnev was the czar's actual, biological father. [1]

Tikhon Streshnev was the son of boyar Nikita Streshnev, who was a distant relative of Eudoxia Streshneva and voevoda in Yefremov and Vologda.

In 1666 Streshnev was a solicitor, in 1668 he became a stolnik. Together with his uncle, boyar Rodion Streshnev, he mentored the young tsar, Peter I. After his accession to the throne in 1682, Streshnev's influence grew considerably. The day after the coronation, he received the rank of okolnichiy and in 1688 that of boyar. In 1690 Streshnev became as the head of the Razryadny prikaz the head of the military of Muscovy, although he never took part in the real military actions. To the period of his absence in 1697, Peter left to govern the state Prince Romodanovsky and Streshnev.

When in 1711 Governing Senate was established, Streshnev became one of its members. In 1718 he participated in the trial of Tsarevich Alexei and he was one of those, who signed to him the death verdict.


  1. Henri Troyat, Peter the Great (Flammarion, 1979)

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Peter the Great</span> Last Tsar and 1st emperor of Russia (r. 1682–1725)

Peter I, commonly known as Peter the Great, was Tsar of all Russia from 1682, and the first Emperor of all Russia from 1721 until his death in 1725. He reigned jointly with his half-brother Ivan V until 1696. From this year, Peter was an absolute monarch who remained the ultimate authority. His methods were often harsh and autocratic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boyar</span> Template (table) of early Slavic status

A boyar or bolyar was a member of the highest rank of the feudal nobility in many Eastern European states, including Bulgaria, Kievan Rus', Moldavia and Wallachia, Lithuania and among Baltic Germans. Boyars were second only to the ruling princes, grand princes or tsars from the 10th to the 17th centuries.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Orthodox Church in America</span> An Eastern Orthodox church in North America

The Orthodox Church in America (OCA) is an Eastern Orthodox Christian church based in North America. While the OCA is in full communion with most Eastern Orthodox churches in the world, the OCA's autocephaly is not fully recognized. The OCA consists of more than 700 parishes, missions, communities, monasteries and institutions in the United States, Canada and Mexico. In 2011, it had an estimated 84,900 members in the United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Polish–Muscovite War (1605–1618)</span> War between Russia and Poland-Lithuania Commonwealth

The Polish–Muscovite War of 1605–1618, also known as the Polish–Muscovite War or the Dimitriads, was a conflict fought between the Tsardom of Russia and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth together with Zaporozhian Cossacks from 1605 to 1618.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Governing Senate</span> Government body in the Russian Empire

The Governing Senate was the highest legislative, judicial, and executive body subordinate to the Russian emperors, instituted by Peter the Great to replace the Boyar Duma and lasted until the very end of the Russian Empire. It was chaired by the Procurator General, who served as the link between the sovereign and the Senate; he acted, in the emperor's own words, as "the sovereign's eye".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Patriarch Sergius of Moscow</span> Head of the Russian Orthodox Church (1867–1944)

Patriarch Sergius was the 12th Patriarch of Moscow and all the Rus', from September 8, 1943 until his death on May 15, 1944. He was also the de facto head of the Russian Orthodox Church in 1925–1943, firstly as deputy Patriarchal locum tenens (1925–1937) subsequently as Patriarchal locum tenens (1937–1943).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Peter of Krutitsy</span> Russian Eastern Orthodox bishop

Peter of Krutitsy, was a Russian Orthodox bishop and martyr. From April 12 till December 9, 1925 he was the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, serving as the patriarchal locum tenens. Despite his imprisonment, he remained technically locum tenens until his death in 1937.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Government reform of Peter the Great</span>

The government reforms of Peter I aimed to modernize the Tsardom of Russia based on Western European models.

The Supreme Privy Council of Imperial Russia, founded on 19 February 1726 and operative until 1730, originated as a body of advisors to Empress Catherine I.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Uzkoye</span>

Uzkoe is a historic estate in the southwestern part of Moscow. Before 1629, the area belonged to Prince Gagarin, then it passed to Maksim Streshnev, a cousin of Tsarina Eudoxia Streshneva.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Most Holy Synod</span> Governing body of the Russian Orthodox Church (1721–1917)

The Most Holy Governing Synod was the highest governing body of the Russian Orthodox Church between 1721 and 1917. It was abolished following the February Revolution of 1917 and replaced with a restored patriarchate under Tikhon of Moscow. The jurisdiction of the Most Holy Synod extended over every kind of ecclesiastical question and over some partly secular matters.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tsardom of Russia</span> 1547–1721 Russian state

The Tsardom of Russia, also known as the Tsardom of Muscovy, was the centralized Russian state from the assumption of the title of tsar by Ivan IV in 1547 until the foundation of the Russian Empire by Peter the Great in 1721.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of the Russian Orthodox Church</span> Aspect of history

The Russian Orthodox Church is traditionally said to have been founded by Andrew the Apostle, who is thought to have visited Scythia and Greek colonies along the northern coast of the Black Sea. According to one of the legends, St. Andrew reached the future location of Kiev and foretold the foundation of a great Christian city. The spot where he reportedly erected a cross is now marked by St. Andrew's Cathedral.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Michael of Russia</span> Tsar of Russia from 1613 to 1645

Michael I was Tsar of all Russia from 1613 until his death in 1645. He was elected by the Zemsky Sobor and was the first tsar of the House of Romanov, which succeeded the House of Rurik.

Vasily Semyonovich Yershov was a Russian statesman, governor (1711–1712) and vice governor of Moscow guberniya (1712–1719).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shuysky Tribute</span> 1611 oath of allegiance by Mickail Shuisky of Russia to the Polish King Sigismund III

Shuisky tribute was the act of homage of the deposed Mickail Shuisky of Russia and his retinue to the Polish King Sigismund III Vasa and teenage prince Władysław on October 29, 1611, in the Senate Hall of the Royal Castle in Warsaw.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vladimir Borisovich Golitsyn</span> Russian statesman (1731–1798)

Prince Vladimir Borisovich Golitsyn was a Russian statesman.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yelizaveta Glebova-Streshneva</span> Noblewoman

Yelizaveta Petrovna Streshneva, and after marriage Glebova was a noblewoman known in society for her short temper, and was a lady-in-waiting, the last representative of the Boyar Streshnev family, and the owner of the Pokrovskoye-Streshnevo Estate.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pokrovskoye-Streshnevo Estate</span> Building in Pokrovskoye-Streshnevo District, Russia

Pokrovskoye-Streshnevo Estate is an estate in the north-west of Мoscow. Other names include Pokrovskoye-Glebovo and Glebovo-Streshnevo. It has a manor house in the classicism style, a church from the 17th century, and other various Russian Revival architecture buildings.