Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant

Last updated
Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant
Type Joint-stock company
Industry Transport machine building
Founded2011 (2011)
Key people
Timofey Khryapov (Chief Executive Officer at United Wagon Company, Managing Company of Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant) Evgeny Kuzmenko (Managing Director at Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant)
Products Freight cars
Number of employees
9,000 (2019)[ citation needed ]
Website www.tvsz.ru/en

Joint Stock Company “Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant” (TVSZ) is a Russian freight car manufacturer, the largest in the CIS. Launched in January 2012, Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant is the main production facility of Research and production corporation “United Wagon Company”. [1] [2]



TVSZ freight wagons, 2011. Source: ICT Group TVSZ.jpg
TVSZ freight wagons, 2011. Source: ICT Group

The plant was a greenfield project implemented at the site of Transmash, a former subsidiary of the manufacturing group Kirovsky Zavod and one of the USSR's most prominent industrial giants in the north-west.

The construction works commenced in January 2008. The project was co-financed by Vnesheconombank (VEB), which approval was issued by the supervisory board of Vnesheconombank, chaired by the Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, in the same year.

The manufacturing facility rely on engineering developed by international companies based in Germany, Austria, UK, Slovenia, Canada, Spain, USA, the Czech Republic, Belgium and Finland. The plant's design, equipment, construction and commissioning were performed by ICM, an engineering company and a joint venture of the ICT Group and Israel-based Baran Group.

The foundry equipment and processes were advised by Krapohl-Wirth Foundry Consulting Group GmbH.

In July 2008, the plant launched pilot production at a capacity of 100 freight cars per year.

The first batch of industrial machinery was delivered to the facility in April 2010. In July the same year TVSZ started its first foundry line manufacturing 6,000 ton of railcar castings per year.

The plant's key product is the Barber bogie designed by Russian engineering centers jointly with US-based Standard Car Truck Company. [3] The bogie's first prototype model made in Russia was tested at TVSZ in 2010.

In March 2011, Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant sent the first batch of its freight hopper cars for test operation.

The facility was officially inaugurated on 30 January 2012. According to Vladimir Putin, “It is such state-of-the-art projects that are reshaping the national economy, reviving Russia’s manufacturing industries, and creating better employment opportunities: efficient and attractive jobs for engineers and skilled workers.”

In May 2012, United Wagon Company was founded to manage TVSZ's activities.

In June 2013, Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant was awarded the title of the Best Industrial Project by Vnesheconombank.

In September 2013, Siberian Coal Energy Company (SUEK) and United Wagon Company signed a contract for the supply of up to 6,000 cars manufactured by Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant. In 2015, SUEK announced its intention to purchase another 7,000 cars. [4]

Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant manufactured its 10,000th freight car in July 2014. [5] [6]

In August 2016, Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant won the Enterprise of the Year 2016 award.

In October 2016, Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant started to manufacture austempered ductile iron parts. The current production capacity stands at 30,000 car sets per year. [7] [8]

In June 2017, Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant produced its 50,000th railcar.

In August 2017, gondola with unloading hatches of model 19-9853 manufactured by Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant became the winner of the competition held by Russian Railways for the best quality of the rolling stock and complicated technical systems and won the first place in the nomination “Rolling stock”.

In September 2017, Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant was awarded the AAR quality certificate by the Association of American Railroads. In the same month, the plant started to supply its heavy car castings to North America. [9] [10] [11]

In December 2017, Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant obtained a certificate of compliance with ISO/TS 22163:2017. [12]

In August 2018, Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant has passed a quality audit by Deutsche Bahn, the largest railway operator in the European Union. Also, in addition to the Deutsche Bahn audit, the Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant has successfully passed certification to the EN 15085 Welding of Railway Vehicles and Components European standard.[ citation needed ]

In December 2019, Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant has released the 100,000th freight car produced since the launch of the Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant in January 2012. [ citation needed ]

Specialization and products

The plant manufactures last- (fifth) generation freight cars mounted on bogies with an increased axle load of 25 tf. The current production capacities of Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant are 18,400 freight cars, 67,000 wheel sets and 30,000 cast car sets per year. [13] In 2017, the TVSZ made its first batch of 27-tf freight cars to be tested at the facilities of the Russian Railways.[ citation needed ]


At the end of 2019, the number of people employed at Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant exceeded 9,000.[ citation needed ]


By the end of 2018, the turnover of Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant amounted to RUB 57,697 billion.[ citation needed ]


Tikhvin Freight Car Building Plant is a subsidiary of Research and production corporation “United Wagon Company”. TVSZ's Managing Director is Evgeny Kuzmenko.[ citation needed ]

Related Research Articles

Kremenchuk City in Poltava Oblast, Ukraine

Kremenchuk or Kremenchug an important industrial city in central Ukraine, stands on the banks of the Dnipro River. The city serves as the administrative center of the Kremenchuk Raion (district) in Poltava Oblast (province). Kremenchuk is administratively incorporated as a city of oblast significance administered by its own city council and does not form a part of the raion. Population: 217,710 Along with its city-satellites Svitlovodsk and Horishni Plavni, Kremenchuk functions as an important urban agglomeration and transportation hub.

Ganz Works Electrical manufacturer in Budapest, Hungary

The Ganz Works or Ganz was a group of companies operating between 1845 and 1949 in Budapest, Hungary. It was named after Ábrahám Ganz, the founder and the manager of the company. It is probably best known for the manufacture of tramcars, but was also a pioneer in the application of three-phase alternating current to electric railways. Ganz also made ships, bridge steel structures and high-voltage equipment. In the early 20th century the company experienced its heyday, it became the third largest industrial enterprise in Kingdom of Hungary after the Manfréd Weiss Steel and Metal Works and the MÁVAG company. Since 1989, various parts of Ganz have been taken over by other companies.

American Car and Foundry Company Manufacturer of railroad rolling stock

ACF Industries, originally the American Car and Foundry Company, is an American manufacturer of railroad rolling stock. One of its subsidiaries was once (1925–54) a manufacturer of motor coaches and trolley coaches under the brand names of (first) ACF and (later) ACF-Brill. Today, the company is known as ACF Industries LLC and is based in St. Charles, Missouri. It is owned by investor Carl Icahn.

Canadian Car and Foundry Transportation vehicle manufacturer in Canada, 1909-1980s

Canadian Car and Foundry (CC&F), also variously known as "Canadian Car & Foundry" or more familiarly as "Can Car", was a manufacturer of buses, railway rolling stock, forestry equipment, and later aircraft for the Canadian market. CC&F history goes back to 1897, but the main company was established in 1909 from an amalgamation of several companies and later became part of Hawker Siddeley Canada through the purchase by A.V. Roe Canada in 1957. Today the remaining factories are part of Bombardier Transportation Canada.

Chittaranjan Locomotive Works (CLW) is an electric locomotive manufacturer based in India. The works are located at Chittaranjan in the Asansol Sadar subdivision of West Bengal, with an ancillary unit in Dankuni. The main unit is 32 km from Asansol and 237 km from Kolkata. CLW has stores and offices in Kolkata, as well as inspection cells in New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bangalore. It is the largest locomotive manufacturer unit in the world, producing 431 locomotives in 2019–20.

General Steel Industries Rolling stock manufacturer

General Steel Industries, Inc. (GSI) was an American steel company founded as General Steel Castings Corporation in 1928. The company's first headquarters were in Eddystone, Pennsylvania and, prior to completing its own modern steel foundry in 1930, acquired the operations of the Commonwealth Steel Company, a critical supplier to the rail industry.

Derby Litchurch Lane Works Railway rolling stock factory, Derby, England

Derby Litchurch Lane Works is a railway rolling stock factory in Derby, England. It was opened in the 19th century by the Midland Railway. The plant has produced rolling stock under the ownership of the Midland Railway. It is now owned by Alstom.

The Greenbrier Companies is an American publicly traded transportation manufacturing corporation based in Lake Oswego, Oregon, United States. Greenbrier specializes in transportation services, notably marine barge and freight railcar manufacturing, railcar refurbishment and railcar leasing/management services. The company is one of the leading designers, manufacturers and marketers of rail freight equipment in North America and Europe. It also has operations in South America and Turkey. Greenbrier is a leading provider of wheelsets, parts, management, leasing and other services to the railroad and related transportation industries in North America. As of August 31, 2021, Greenbrier employs 12,155 people across its global operations. Formed in 1981 and publicly traded since 1994, the company generates revenues of US$2.8 billion.

TrentonWorks is an industrial manufacturing facility located in the town of Trenton, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Thrall Car Manufacturing Company was a manufacturer of railroad freight cars in Chicago Heights, Illinois from 1917 to 2001. The company was sold to Trinity Industries in 2001.

Transmashholding Rolling stock manufacturer

CJSC Transmashholding is the largest manufacturer of locomotives and rail equipment in Russia and after merging with LocoTech service the fourth largest engineering company in the field of transport technology globally.


Austempering is heat treatment that is applied to ferrous metals, most notably steel and ductile iron. In steel it produces a bainite microstructure whereas in cast irons it produces a structure of acicular ferrite and high carbon, stabilized austenite known as ausferrite. It is primarily used to improve mechanical properties or reduce / eliminate distortion. Austempering is defined by both the process and the resultant microstructure. Typical austempering process parameters applied to an unsuitable material will not result in the formation of bainite or ausferrite and thus the final product will not be called austempered. Both microstructures may also be produced via other methods. For example, they may be produced as-cast or air cooled with the proper alloy content. These materials are also not referred to as austempered.

ICT Group (Russia)

The ICT Group, also spelt IST Group, is an investment venture based in Russia.

Foundry Products Operations was a subsidiary operation of the Cincinnati Milling Machine Company (CMM), a company which no longer exists. Some parts of the company evolved into the present Milacron, Inc. and Cincinnati Machine. CMM relied heavily on castings for the manufacturing of its machine tool products. The castings were produced at Cincinnati foundries owned by CMM and at foundries independent of CMM, between 1907 and 1988.

Public Joint-Stock Company Stakhanov Railway Car Building Works — industrial enterprise of Ukraine, located in the city of Stakhanov, Luhansk Oblast, producing freight cars.

Titran-Express is a company based in Tikhvin in Leningrad Oblast, Russia. Throughout the plants history it has been associated with metal mechanical engineering, and manufacture of components for large-scale transportation equipment such as bogies for rail vehicles, tank tracks or tractor parts.

Tver Carriage Works

Tver Carriage Works is a rolling stock manufacturer located in Tver, Russia. The company is part of Transmashholding.

United Wagon Company Russian freight car manufacturer

United Wagon Company is Russia's leading and one of the world's biggest manufacturers of freight cars. The company is on the Russian Ministry for Economic Development list of strategically important organizations.

Vertex Railcar was a jointly owned Chinese-American manufacturer of railroad rolling stock. It was founded in 2014 and operated a facility in Wilmington, North Carolina that builds freight railcars. The manufacturer closed operations at end of 2018.


  1. "Putin opens factory to produce a wagon every 24 min".
  2. "Putin opens high-tech freight wagon plant in Tikhvin".
  3. "Railcars of North American design produced in Russia".
  4. "Tikhvin goes to the Barber's".
  5. "Tikhvin Freight Car rolls out 10,000th wagon".
  6. "Tikhvin's 10,000 up".
  7. "UWC launches bulk production of ADI for railcar wear resistance".
  8. "UWC launches bulk production of austempered ductile iron".
  9. "Tikvhin receives AAR approval".
  10. "Tikhvin begins delivering bogie castings to North America".
  11. "United Wagon starts castings shipment for North American freight cars".
  12. "Russian freight car builder certified".
  13. "Enterprise".