Tikhvinsky District

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Tikhvinsky District
Тихвинский район
Flag of Tikhvin (Leningrad oblast).png
Tikhvin COA (Novgorod Governorate) (1773).png
Tikhvinsky District
Location of Tikhvinsky District in Leningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 59°38′N33°30′E / 59.633°N 33.500°E / 59.633; 33.500
CountryRussia
Federal subject Leningrad Oblast [1]
Established1 August 1927 OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Administrative center Tikhvin [1]
Area
[2]
  Total7,018 km2 (2,710 sq mi)
Population
  Total12,529
  Estimate 
(2018) [4]
69,905 (+457.9%)
  Density1.8/km2 (4.6/sq mi)
   Urban
0%
   Rural
100%
Administrative structure
   Administrative divisions 8 settlement municipal formation
   Inhabited localities [1] 1 Cities/towns, 197 Rural localities
Municipal structure
   Municipally incorporated asTikhvinsky Municipal District [5]
   Municipal divisions [5] 1 Urban settlements, 8 Rural settlements
Time zone UTC+3 (MSK   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [6] )
OKTMO ID41645000
Website http://tikhvin.org/

Tikhvinsky District (Russian : Ти́хвинский райо́н) is an administrative [1] and municipal [5] district (raion), one of the seventeen in Leningrad Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southeast of the oblast and borders with Lodeynopolsky District in the north, Podporozhsky District in the northeast, Babayevsky District of Vologda Oblast in the east, Boksitogorsky District in the southeast, Lyubytinsky District of Novgorod Oblast in the south, Kirishsky District in the west, and Volkhovsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 7,018 square kilometers (2,710 sq mi). [2] Its administrative center is the town of Tikhvin. [1] Population (excluding the administrative center): 12,529(2010 Census); [3] 14,637 (2002 Census); [7] 17,104(1989 Census). [8]

Contents

Geography

Almost all the entire area of the district belongs to the drainage basin of Lake Ladoga. The rivers in the southern part of the district drain into the Syas, which itself crosses the district from south to north. The biggest tributary of the Syas within the district is the Tikhvinka (right). The central and northern parts of the district belong to the basin of the Pasha River, a tributary of the Svir. The source of the Pasha is in Lake Pashozero inside the district, and a considerable part of the course of the Pasha lies in the district. The major tributary of the Pasha, the Kapsha River, also mainly flows within the district. Minor areas in the northeast of the district belong to the drainage basins of the Oyat, another tributary of the Svir, and the Suda, and thus the divide between the basins of the Baltic and the Caspian Seas crosses the district. Almost all of the area of the district is covered by forests. The Vepsian Upland is a hilly area in the northeast.

History

The belfry and the Assumption Church of the Tikhvin Assumption Monastery Tihvin Leningradskaia obl May2010 802.jpg
The belfry and the Assumption Church of the Tikhvin Assumption Monastery

The area was populated by Balto-Finnic peoples, whose descendants, Vepsians, still live in the district. Tikhvin was first mentioned in 1383 as Prechistensky Pogost. Until the 15th century, it was a part of the Novgorod Republic. After the fall of the republic, it was, together will all Novgorod Lands, annexed by the Grand Duchy of Moscow. The area was included into Obozerskaya Pyatina, one of the pyatinas which Novgorod Lands were divided into. Tikhvin quickly developed as an important trade center due to its location on one of the main waterways, connecting the basins of the Neva and the Volga. It was also a pilgrimage center, since the icon of the Theotokos of Tikhvin, one of the most famous Russian Orthodox icons, was held in the town. In the 15th century, the Tikhvin Assumption Monastery was founded, and the icon was moved there. [9]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off. In 1776, the area was transferred to Novgorod Viceroyalty. In 1796, the viceroyalty was abolished, and the area, which belonged to Tikhvinsky Uyezd, was transferred to Novgorod Governorate. In 1802, the Tikhvinskaya water system, which connected the basins of the Neva and the Volga, was opened. The railroad was built in the end of the 19th century. In June 1918, five uyezds of Novgorod Governorate, including Tikhvinsky Uyezd, were split off to form Cherepovets Governorate, with the administrative center in Cherepovets.

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished and Tikhvinsky District, with the administrative center in Tikhvin, was established. The governorates were also abolished, and the district was a part of Leningrad Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. It included parts of former Tikhvinsky Uyezd. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished as well, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. [10] In 1941, during World War II, German troops tried to encircle Leningrad. In November 1941, they occupied the town of Tikhvin and held it for a month. The southwestern part of the district was occupied between October and December 1941. In 1945, Tikhvin was made a town of oblast significance, and on July 25, 1952, Boksitogorsky District split off Tikhvinsky District. [10] In 2010, the administrative division of Leningrad Oblast was harmonized with the municipal division, and Tikhvin was made the town of district significance. [11]

Another district established on August 1, 1927 as a part of Leningrad Okrug of Leningrad Oblast was Kapshinsky District, with the administrative center in the settlement of Shugozero. On February 1, 1963, the district was abolished, and, after a short period, split between Boksitogorsky and Tikhvinsky Districts. [12]

Economy

Industry

The industrial enterprises of the district are concentrated in the town of Tikhvin. They include a ferroalloy plant, a railway carriage production plant, as well as enterprises of timber, textile, and food industries. [13]

Agriculture

The main agriculture specializations in the district are cattle breeding with meat and milk production, trout farming, and vegetables growing. [13]

Transportation

A railroad connecting St. Petersburg and Vologda crosses the district from west to east. Tikhvin is the principal station within the district. A secondary railroad branches out south in Tikhvin, connecting it with Budogoshch.

The A114 highway, connecting Vologda with Cherepovets and St. Petersburg, crosses the district as well. There are also local roads.

A considerable part of the Tikhvinskaya water system, one of the waterways constructed in the early 19th century to connect the basins of the Volga and Neva Rivers, lies in Tikhvinsky District. The waterway runs from the Syas upstream the Tikhvinka River. Lake Yelgino is connected by the Tikhvin Canal, 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) with the upper course of the Volchina River. The waterway then follows downstream the Gorun River, the Chagodoshcha River, and the Mologa River. Currently, it is not used for any commercial navigation. [14]

Culture and recreation

The Kazan wooden church in the selo of Shugozero. Church in Shugozero.jpg
The Kazan wooden church in the selo of Shugozero.

The district contains thirty-three cultural heritage monuments of federal significance (thirty of them in Tikhvin) and additionally ninety-six objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance (forty-eight of them in Tikhvin). [15] Most of the federal monuments are buildings and structures belonging to the Tikhvin Assumption Monastery. The monastery is a major pilgrim destination, since it hosts the Theotokos of Tikhvin, one of the most celebrated Russian Orthodox icons.

Tikhvin hosts the Museum-House of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, which is located in the house where Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, a Russian composer, was born in 1844 and spent his childhood years. [16] Another state museum in the district is the Tikhvin Museum of History, Art, and Architecture, located in the Tikhvin Assumption Monastery. The museum presents an ethnographic collection, as well as an exhibit devoted to the Theotokos of Tikhvin. [17]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tikhvin</span> Town in Leningrad Oblast, Russia

Tikhvin is a town and the administrative center of Tikhvinsky District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on both banks of the Tikhvinka River in the east of the oblast, 200 kilometers (120 mi) east of St. Petersburg. Tikhvin is also an industrial and cultural center of the district, as well as its transportation hub. Population: 58,459 (2010 Census); 63,338 (2002 Census); 71,352 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Volosovsky District</span> District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia

Volosovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Leningrad Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the oblast with Lomonosovsky District in the north, Gatchinsky District in the east, Luzhsky District in the south, Slantsevsky District in the southwest, and Kingiseppsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 2,700 square kilometers (1,000 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Volosovo. Population: 49,443 (2010 Census); 48,128 ; 46,908 (1989 Census). The population of Volosovo accounts for 24.6% of the district's total population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Novaya Ladoga</span> Town in Leningrad Oblast, Russia

Novaya Ladoga is a town in Volkhovsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located at the point where the Volkhov River flows into Lake Ladoga, 140 kilometers (87 mi) east of St. Petersburg. Population: 8,838 (2010 Census); 9,920 (2002 Census); 11,310 (1989 Census).

Syasstroy is a town in Volkhovsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located near the mouth of the Syas River, at its confluence with the Valgonka, close to Lake Ladoga, 140 kilometers (87 mi) east of St. Petersburg. Population: 13,745 (2010 Census); 13,969 (2002 Census); 16,122 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pikalyovo, Leningrad Oblast</span> Town in Leningrad Oblast, Russia

Pikalyovo, sometimes Pikalevo, is a town in Boksitogorsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located 246 kilometers (153 mi) southeast of St. Petersburg and 25 kilometers (16 mi) east of Boksitogorsk. Population: 21,562 (2010 Census); 23,325 (2002 Census); 24,510 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tosnensky District</span> District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia

Tosnensky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Leningrad Oblast, Russia. It is located in the central southwestern part of the oblast and borders with Kirovsky District in the north, Kirishsky District in the east, Chudovsky District of Novgorod Oblast in the southeast, Novgorodsky District of Novgorod Oblast in the south, Luzhsky District in the southwest, Gatchinsky District in the west, and Pushkinsky and Kolpinsky Districts of the federal city of Saint Petersburg in the northwest. The area of the district is 3,585.4 square kilometers (1,384.3 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Tosno. Population : 83,898 (2010 Census); 77,194 ; 78,500 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boksitogorsky District</span> District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia

Boksitogorsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Leningrad Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southeast of the oblast and borders with Tikhvinsky District in the north and west, Babayevsky District of Vologda Oblast in the east, Chagodoshchensky District of Vologda Oblast in the southeast, Khvoyninsky District of Novgorod Oblast in the south, and with Lyubytinsky District of Novgorod Oblast in the southwest. The area of the district is 7,200 square kilometers (2,800 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Boksitogorsk. Population : 15,695 (2010 Census); 17,698 ; 49,452 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kirishsky District</span> District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia

Kirishsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Leningrad Oblast, Russia. It is located in the central southern part of the oblast and borders with Volkhovsky District in the north, Tikhvinsky District in the northeast, Lyubytinsky District of Novgorod Oblast in the southeast, Malovishersky District of Novgorod Oblast in the south, Chudovsky District of Novgorod Oblast in the southwest, Tosnensky District in the west, and Kirovsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 3,019.3 square kilometers (1,165.8 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Kirishi. Population : 11,455 (2010 Census); 12,075 ; 14,521 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kirovsky District, Leningrad Oblast</span> District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia

Kirovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Leningrad Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast and borders with Volkhovsky District in the east, Kirishsky District in the southeast, Nevsky and Kolpinsky Districts of the federal city of St. Petersburg in the west, Tosnensky District in the southwest, and with Vsevolozhsky District in the northwest. From the north, the district is bounded by Lake Ladoga. The area of the district is 2,590.46 square kilometers (1,000.18 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Kirovsk. Population : 62,533 (2010 Census); 60,221 ; 74,725 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lodeynopolsky District</span> District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia

Lodeynopolsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Leningrad Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the oblast and borders with Olonetsky District of the Republic of Karelia in the north, Podporozhsky District in the east, Tikhvinsky District in the south, and Volkhovsky District in the west. The area of the district is 4,900 square kilometers (1,900 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Lodeynoye Pole. Population : 9,795 (2010 Census); 12,185 ; 13,426 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Luzhsky District</span> District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia

Luzhsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Leningrad Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the oblast and borders with Gatchinsky District in the north, Tosnensky District in the northeast, Novgorodsky and Batetsky Districts of Novgorod Oblast in the southeast, Shimsky District, also of Novgorod Oblast, in the south, Plyussky District of Pskov Oblast in the southwest, Slantsevsky District in the west, and Volosovsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 6,006.44 square kilometers (2,319.10 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Luga. Population : 40,166 (2010 Census); 41,885 ; 48,721 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Podporozhsky District</span> District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia

Podporozhsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Leningrad Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the oblast and borders with Prionezhsky District of the Republic of Karelia in the north, Vytegorsky District of Vologda Oblast in the east, Babayevsky District of Vologda Oblast in the southeast, Tikhvinsky District in the south, Lodeynopolsky District in the southwest, and Olonetsky and Pryazhinsky Districts of the Republic of Karelia in the northwest. In the northeast, the district is bounded by Lake Onega. The area of the district is 7,679 square kilometers (2,965 sq mi), which makes it the largest district in Leningrad Oblast. Its administrative center is the town of Podporozhye. Population : 13,000 (2010 Census); 14,845 ; 18,075 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Volkhovsky District</span> District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia

Volkhovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the seventeen in Leningrad Oblast, Russia. It is located in the central eastern part of the oblast and borders with Lodeynopolsky District in the northeast, Tikhvinsky District in the southeast, Kirishsky District in the south, and with Kirovsky District in the west. In the north, it is washed by Lake Ladoga. The area of the district is 5,124.4 square kilometers (1,978.5 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Volkhov. Population : 48,000 (2010 Census); 50,799 ; 58,939 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lyubytinsky District</span> District in Novgorod Oblast, Russia

Lyubytinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the oblast and borders with Tikhvinsky District of Leningrad Oblast in the north, Boksitogorsky District of Leningrad Oblast in the northeast, Khvoyninsky District in the east, Borovichsky District in the southeast, Okulovsky District in the southwest, Malovishersky District in the west, and with Kirishsky District of Leningrad Oblast in the northwest. The area of the district is 4,500 square kilometers (1,700 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Lyubytino. Population: 9,744 (2010 Census); 12,432 ; 15,263 (1989 Census). The population of Lyubytino accounts for 28.8% of the district's total population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Babayevsky District</span> District in Vologda Oblast, Russia

Babayevsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Vologda Oblast, Russia. It is located in the west of the oblast and borders with Vytegorsky District in the north, Belozersky District in the east, Kaduysky District in the southeast, Ustyuzhensky District in the south, Chagodoshchensky District in the southeast, and with Boksitogorsky, Tikhvinsky, and Podporozhsky Districts of Leningrad Oblast in the west. The area of the district is 9,200 square kilometers (3,600 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Babayevo. Population: 21,944 (2010 Census); 24,930 ; 29,535 (1989 Census). The population of Babayevo accounts for 55.0% of the district's total population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chagodoshchensky District</span> District in Vologda Oblast, Russia

Chagodoshchensky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Vologda Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the oblast and borders with Babayevsky District in the northeast, Ustyuzhensky District in the southeast, Pestovsky District of Novgorod Oblast in the south, Khvoyninsky District of Novgorod Oblast in the southwest, and with Boksitogorsky District of Leningrad Oblast in the northwest. The area of the district is 2,400 square kilometers (930 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Chagoda. Population: 13,865 (2010 Census); 15,624 ; 17,866 (1989 Census). The population of Chagoda accounts for 49.9% of the district's total population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Budogoshch</span> Urban-type settlement in Leningrad Oblast, Russia

Budogoshch is an urban locality in Kirishsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the banks of the Pchyovzha River. Municipally, it serves as the administrative center of Budogoshskoye Urban Settlement, one of the two urban settlements in the district. Population: 3,871 (2010 Census); 3,885 (2002 Census); 4,673 (1989 Census).

Yefimovsky is an urban locality in Boksitogorsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the Sominka River, in the basin of the Chagodoshcha River. Municipally, it is incorporated as Yefimovskoye Urban Settlement, one of the three urban settlements in the district. Population: 3,611 (2010 Census); 3,937 (2002 Census); 5,177 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nikolsky, Leningrad Oblast</span> Urban-type settlement in Leningrad Oblast, Russia

Nikolsky is an urban locality in Podporozhsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Svir River, several kilometers west of the town of Podporozhye. Municipally, it is incorporated as Nikolskoye Urban Settlement, one of the four urban settlements in the district. Population: 2,989 (2010 Census); 2,931 (2002 Census); 2,953 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boksitogorsk</span> Town in Leningrad Oblast, Russia

Boksitogorsk is a town and the administrative center of Boksitogorsky District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the banks of the Pyardomlya River in the basin of the Syas River, 245 kilometers (152 mi) east of St. Petersburg. Population: 16,585. (2010 Census)

References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Oblast Law #32-oz
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  3. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. 1 2 3 Law #52-oz
  6. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  9. История (in Russian). Муниципальное образование Тихвинский район. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
  10. 1 2 Тихвинский район (август 1927 г.) (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
  11. Отчет о работе комитета по взаимодействию с органами местного самоуправления Ленинградской области в 2010 году (in Russian). Комитет по печати и связям с общественностью Ленинградской области. Retrieved November 16, 2012.
  12. Капшинский район (август 1927 г. - февраль 1963 г.) (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
  13. 1 2 Социально-экономическое развитие (in Russian). Леноблинформ. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
  14. Хрусталев, М. Ю. (1999). По Тихвинской водной системе. Из истории водных коммуникаций и судоходства. Чагода: Историко-краеведческий альманах (in Russian). Vologda: Ардвисура. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
  15. Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
  16. Государственный мемориальный дом-музей Н.А. Римского-Корсакова (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved November 14, 2012.
  17. Тихвинский историко-мемориальный и архитектурно-художественный музей (in Russian). Тихвин on-line. Retrieved November 14, 2012.

Sources