Tikken Manus

Last updated

Ida Nikoline "Tikken" Manus (néeLindebrække, previously Bernardes; 28 June 1914 – 12 October 2010) was a member of the Norwegian resistance during World War II.

Born Ida Nikoline Lie Lindebrække, she was a daughter of County Governor Gjert Lindebrække (1879–1960) and Ida Bessesen Lie (1881–1944), and a sister of politician Sjur Lindebrække. [1] She was also a niece of writer Bernt Bessesen Lie. [2]

She hailed from Kalfaret in Bergen, and tried different ventures before the Second World War. She worked an office job in England, and attended French classes while socializing in Paris. She returned to England, where she married diplomat George Bernardes, and had a son (George Jr.) in 1939. They moved to Norway, where her husband was a consul in Haugesund. When the Second World War reached Norway on 9 April 1940 with the German invasion, Tikken was in Bergen. Her husband was injured while visiting Åndalsnes, and when he was operated in Sweden, Tikken followed and was hired at the British legation in Stockholm in 1943. Here, she was tasked with coordinating the contact with Norwegian resistance members who had fled German-occupied Norway for neutral Sweden, and the political and military authorities in Great Britain. [3] Her codename was "Tante" ("Aunt"). [4]

While working here, she met resistance member Max Manus (1914–1996). After a lengthy process of divorcing her husband, [3] she married Max Manus in March 1947 and took his last name. [1] After the war, Tikken Manus was hired by resistance member Harald Grieg in the publishing house Gyldendal, but eventually joined her husband Max in running a small company in the office machine business. [3] They lived at Landøya in Asker. Her husband died in 1996, and she died in October 2010. [1] [5] In addition to George Jr, the two had the children Max Jr. and Mette. [3]

A book about Tikken Manus was published in February 2009, Tikken Manus. Sabotørenes hemmelige medspiller. [6] In 2008, she was made known to a broader audience when her character was included in the film Max Manus . She was portrayed by actor Agnes Kittelsen.

Related Research Articles

Knut Helle was a Norwegian historian. A professor at the University of Bergen from 1973 to 2000, he specialized in the late medieval history of Norway. He has contributed to several large works.

Events in the year 1909 in Norway.

Events in the year 1978 in Norway.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gerd Grieg</span> Norwegian actress

Gerd Grieg was a Norwegian stage and film actress.

In 1910 Haakon VII serves his sixth year as King of Norway. On 1 February Wollert Konow takes over as Prime Minister after Gunnar Knudsen, who has held this position since 1908.

Events in the year 1998 in Norway.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Johanne Dybwad</span> Norwegian stage actress and stage producer (1867–1950)

Johanne Dybwad was a Norwegian stage actress and stage producer. She was the leading actress in Norwegian theatre for half a century.

Kaare Krabbe Filseth was a Norwegian newspaper editor who was killed during the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chat Noir</span>

Chat Noir is a cabaret and revue theatre in Oslo, Norway. It was established in 1912 by Bokken Lasson. The current director is Tom Sterri.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maren Sars</span> Norwegian socialite (1811–1898)

Maren Cathrine Sars was a Norwegian socialite.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Asbjørn Bryhn</span>

Asbjørn Johan Bryhn was a Norwegian police officer, known for his resistance work during World War II, and later head of the Norwegian Police Surveillance Agency.

Alette Schreiner, née Falch was a Norwegian researcher.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Øyvind Anker</span> Norwegian librarian

Øyvind Anker was a Norwegian librarian.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ella Anker</span> Norwegian journalist

Eli Birgit "Ella" Anker was a Norwegian magazine journalist, newspaper correspondent, playwright, feminist, and pamphleteer.

Ludovica Magdalena Marie Levy was a Danish actress, theatre director and theatre critic. She toured with theatres in Denmark and Norway, and worked as instructor for Den Nationale Scene in Bergen. She chaired the theatre Sekondteatret in Kristiania from 1899 to 1901, together with her husband Dore Lavik. She founded the touring theatre Nationalturneen in 1907, and toured in Norway with this theatre until 1912.

<i>Arbeidet</i>

Arbeidet was a Norwegian newspaper, published in Bergen in Hordaland county.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sjur Helgeland</span>

Sjur Larsson Helgeland was a Norwegian hardingfele fiddler and composer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bernt Lie</span> Norwegian novelist

Bernt Bessesen Lie was a Norwegian novelist.

Events in the year 1692 in Norway.

The following is a list of notable events and releases of the year 1924 in Norwegian music.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Moland, Arnfinn. "Max Manus". In Helle, Knut (ed.). Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
  2. Hellberg, Lars. "Sjur Lindebrække". In Helle, Knut (ed.). Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Aarnes, Helle (13 December 2008). "Bak Max". Stavanger Aftenblad (in Norwegian).
  4. Armann, Tom Magne (23 October 2010). "Avskjed med Tikken Manus". Budstikka (in Norwegian). p. 8.
  5. ""Tikken" Manus er død" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 12 October 2010.
  6. Tretvoll, Halvor Finess (7 February 2009). "Å elske i en verdenskrig". Dagsavisen (in Norwegian). p. 46.