Last updated
Tikona Panorama.jpg
Tikona Fort near Pawna reservoir.
India Maharashtra location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Coordinates 18°37′54″N73°30′46″E / 18.6317°N 73.5128°E / 18.6317; 73.5128
Site information
OwnerGovt. of India
Open to
the public
Site history
MaterialsStone and mortar

Tikona also known as Vitandgad, is the dominant hill fort in Maval in western India. It is located near Kamshet around 60 km from Pune. The village nearest to the fort is called Tikona-Peth. The 3500 foot high hill is pyramidal in shape and the name Tikona means "triangular".


The fort is a trekking destination noted for the large doors, the temple of 'Trimbakeshwar Mahadev', seven water tanks (seven water tanks), and some Satvahan caves. Trek organisers also commend the views of Pavana dam and the nearby forts of Tung, Lohagad and Visapur. [1] There is a good view of Pavana lake from the summit.


Steps leading up to the ramparts of the fort. Tikona fort ramparts.jpg
Steps leading up to the ramparts of the fort.

Little is known about the origins of this fort. There is a vihara on the fort datable to circa seventh-eight centuries A.D. [2] Malik Ahmad Nizam Shah I of the Nizam Shahi dynasty conquered the fort in 1585 and annexed it to the Nizam territory. In 1657, Shivaji I brought the whole of Konkan, which had been Nizam territory, under his control when he conquered Tikona along with the forts of Karnala, Lohgad, Mahuli, Songad, Tala, and Visapur. [3] This fort was a strategic nexus: the centre of control for the entire Pawana Mawal region. In 1660, Dhamale family, the Deshmukhs from Maval region were charged with ensuring the security of fort Tikona. It was under the Dhamale Deshmukh family for a long time. Jaysingh invaded the region in 1665 and attacked the local villages but the forts held out. Tikona fort was surrendered to the Mughal warrior Kubadkhan, who had attacked the region together with Halal Khan and others, according to the Treaty of Purandar signed on 12 June 1665. Kubad Khan took over the fort on 18 June but it was later recaptured by the Marathas. [4] In 1682 King Sambhaji met Aurangzeb's son Akbar. After the meeting the Akbar was offered to stay on Tikona fort, however, he was shifted to Jaitapur as the climate didn't suit him. A small battle was fought by the Maratha army with the British in 1818 before it was captured by the latter.

How to reach

The nearest town is Kamshet which is 51;km from Pune. The base village of the fort is Tikona peth which is 26 km from Kamshet. There are good hotels at Kamshet, now tea and snacks are also available in small hotels at Tikonapeth and Kale colony. The trekking path starts from the hillock south of the parking area near Tikonapeth. The route is very safe and wide. There are few trees on the trekking route. It takes about an hour to reach the entrance gate of the fort. There are very steep and high, which makes the climb a thrilling experience. There is very little space in the fort. It is advisable not to accompany large groups for climbing the fort. The steps are so narrow that only a single person can climb at a time. The night stay on the fort can be made in the caves either near the entrance of the fort or on the top of the fort. The villagers from the local fort restoration committee in the Tikonapeth make night stay and food arrangements at a reasonable cost. The Bedse caves which are on the way from Kamshet can also be visited on the way to Tikona [5] on the same day [6]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shivneri Fort</span> Fort in Maharashtra, India

Shivneri Fort is an ancient military fortification located near Junnar in Pune district in Maharashtra, India. It is the birthplace of Shivaji, the founder of Maratha Empire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lonavala</span> Hill station in Maharashtra, India

Lonavala-Khandala is a hill station and a Municipal Council in the Pune district, Maharashtra, India. It is about 64 km west of Pune and 96 km to the east of Mumbai. It is known for its production of the hard candy chikki and is also a major stop on the railway line connecting Mumbai and Pune. From the Pune suburbs, local trains are available from Pune Junction. Both the Mumbai-Pune Expressway as well as the Mumbai-Bengaluru highway pass through Lonavala.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pune district</span> District in Maharashtra, India

Pune district is a district in Western Maharashtra with Administrative Headquarters in Pune city. Pune district is the most populous district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is one of the most industrialised districts in India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bedse Caves</span>

Bedse Caves are a group of Buddhist rock-cut monuments situated in Maval taluka, Pune District, Maharashtra, India. The history of the caves can be traced back to the Satavahana period in the 1st century BCE. They are some 9 km from the Bhaja Caves. Other caves in the area are Karla Caves, Patan Buddhist Cave and Nasik Caves.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lohagad</span> Fort in Maharashtra, India

Lohagad is one of the many hill forts of Maharashtra state in India. Situated close to the hill station Lonavala and 52 km (32 mi) northwest of Pune, Lohagad rises to an elevation of 1,033 m (3,389 ft) above sea level. The fort is connected to the neighboring Visapur fort by a small range. The fort was under the Lohtamia empire for the majority of the time, with a short period of 5 years under the Mughal empire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tung Fort</span>

Tung Fort is a hill fort in Pune District, India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Visapur Fort</span> Fort in Pune district, Maharashtra, India

Visapur Fort is a hill fort near Visapur village in Maharashtra, India. It is a part of the Lohagad-Visapur fortification.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Korigad</span> Hill fort in Pune district, Maharashtra, India

Korigad is a hill fort located about 20 km (12 mi) south of Lonavla in Pune district, Maharashtra, India. Its date of construction is not known but likely predates 1500. It is about 923 m above sea level. The planned township of Aamby Valley is built over the fort's southern and eastern foothills. The closest village is Peth Shahpur, about 1 km (0.62 mi) north of the fort.

<i>Jedhe Shakawali</i>

Jedhe Shakawali or Jedhe Chronology is a bare record of events with dates covering the period from 1618 to 1697 kept by the Jedhe Deshmukhs of village Kari located near Bhor in Pune district. It is known to be the valuable source for the political history of the formative period of Maratha Empire. The document was first edited by B.G. Tilak and published by Bharat Itihas Sanshodhak Mandal, Pune, in 1916.

<i>Jedhe Karina</i> Book by Jedhe

Jedhe Karina or Jedhe Statement is a record of family events of Jedhe Deshmukh of village Kari located near Bhor in modern Pune district. It covers a period of about 65 years starting from 1626 and ending to 1689. While main objective of the Karina is to state how the family of Jedhes went on prospering day by day, it also throws light on the formative period of Maratha Empire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pavananagar</span> Village in Maharashtra

Pavananagar is a village near Pavana Dam in Maharashtra, India. It is about 45 km via Paud and 65 km via Kamshet from Pune. There are roads to Pavananagar from Pune & Lonavala. Lonavala to Pavana Dam is 20 km; 40 minutes journey from Lonavala.

  1. Lonavala → Bhangarwadi → Kusgaon → Aundhgaon → Dudhivarekhind → Prati Pandharpur → Pavana Dam
  2. Pune → Pirangut → Paud → Kolvan → Pavana Dam → Pavananagar.
  3. Pune → Nigdi → Kamshet → Bedsa → Pavananagar.
<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ghangad</span>

Ghangad is a fort situated near 30km from Lonavla-Khandala and 100 km from Pune in Maharashtra state, India.This fort is an important fort in the Pune district. The fort restoration is done by the Shivaji Trail group with the help of local villagers. The fort is at least 300 years old. Restoration work took place in 2011-12.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ghosalegad Fort</span>

Ghosalegad Fort is located 8 km south of the Roha town on Roha-Bhalgaon-Murud road. This fort is in form of a narrow strip 20mt in width. This fort has a small hill with a narrow spur guarded by fortification. This fort served to keep watch on the enemy and the trade route from Maval to the sea ports around

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Talagad</span> Indian fort

Talgad fort is located 18 km south of the Roha town on Roha-Tala-Indapur road. This fort is at an altitude of 1000 feet. This fort is in form of a narrow strip 20 meters in width. This fort is situated on a narrow spur guarded by fortification. This fort served to keep watch on the enemy and the trade route from Maval to the sea ports around. Also this fort was used to keep check on the activity of Sidhhis of Janjira. Ghosalgad fort is also visible from this fort.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Indrai fort</span> Historic building in Maharashtra, India

Indrai Fort / Indragiri Fort is a fort located 75 km from Nashik, in Nashik district, of Maharashtra. This fort though is an important fort in Nashik district but, it is less visited by the trekkers. In Chandwad taluka, there are 4 forts in a line on the Satmal hill range, the Chandwad fort, Indrai fort, Rajdher fort, and Koldher fort. This fort is easy to climb but requires 3 hours to reach the fort.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vikatgad</span>

Vikatgad / Peb Fort is a fort located 19 km (12 mi) from Karjat, in Raigad district, of Maharashtra. This fort is in continuation with the Malang gad, Tauli Hill and Chanderi fort of the Matheran Hill Range. Vikatgad is a favourite destination for one-day trekkers. The trek path to Vikatgad is along deep ravines and cliffs. Its closeness to Matheran and Neral attracts many trekkers on weekends. The forest department and local villagers are doing plantation and some restoration works on the fort. The altitude of Vikatgad, also known as Peb fort is 640 meters above sea level.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rajdher fort</span>

Rajdeher Fort (Marathi: राजधेर किल्ला) is a fort located 10 km (6.2 mi) from chandwad, Nashik district, of Maharashtra. This fort is an important fort in Nashik district.

Padargad is a small fort used for vigilance in the past. is situated to the east of Karjat in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is on the Bhimashanker trek route in the Karjat area, because of its height and difficult climbing, it is not visited by most of the trekkers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Konkan Diva Fort</span> Ancient Indian fort

Konkandiva Fort (transliteration: Konkandiva Qilа̄) is a fort located 70 km from Pune in Maharashtra. This fort is on the boundary of Raigad and Pune district. The fort was important as a surveillance fort to keep watch on the possible attack on the Raigad fort through Ghol Village side along the Mutha river.


  1. Visit this pyramid-shaped hill fort near Pune:https://www.hindustantimes.com/pune-news/visit-this-pyramid-shaped-hill-fort-near-pune-which-is-a-trekking-destination/story-vx5P42s4TykRRZjNtqmbTL.html
  2. "Indian Archaeology 1969-70 - A review" (PDF). p. 25. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 April 2009. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
  3. http://trekshitiz.com/ trekshitiz/Ei/Tikona-Trek-Pune-District.html
  4. "Tikona" . Retrieved 24 July 2011.
  5. "Tikona Fort And Its Majestic Fairy Tales | Fort Trek" . Retrieved 2021-01-23.
  6. How to reach Tikona fort:https://www.india.com/travel/articles/monsoon-treks-near-mumbai-how-to-reach-tikona-aka-vitangad-hill-fort-in-maharashtra-3228719/