Tiksi

Last updated

Tiksi

Тикси
Other transcription(s)
  YakutТиксии
Tiksi.jpg
View of Tiksi
Location of Tiksi
Tiksi
Russia edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tiksi
Location of Tiksi
Yakutia notext.svg
Red pog.svg
Tiksi
Tiksi (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 71°39′N128°52′E / 71.650°N 128.867°E / 71.650; 128.867 Coordinates: 71°39′N128°52′E / 71.650°N 128.867°E / 71.650; 128.867
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic [2]
Administrative district Bulunsky District [2]
SettlementSettlement of Tiksi [2]
Founded1933 OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Urban-type settlement status since1939 [2]
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
  Total5,063
  Estimate 
(2018) [4]
4,537 (−10.4%)
   Capital ofBulunsky District [2] , Settlement of Tiksi [2]
   Municipal district Bulunsky Municipal District [5]
  Urban settlementTiksi Urban Settlement [5]
   Capital ofBulunsky Municipal District [6] , Tiksi Urban Settlement [5]
Time zone UTC+9 (MSK+6   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [7] )
Postal code(s) [8]
678400, 678403, 678409
Dialing code(s) +7 41167
OKTMO ID98612151051
Tiksi population
2010 Census 5,063 [3]
2002 Census 5,873 [9]
1989 Census 11,649 [10]
1979 Census 9,505 [11]

Tiksi (Russian:Ти́кси,IPA:  [ˈtʲiksʲɪ] ; Yakut : Тиксии, Tiksii – lit. a moorage place) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Bulunsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the shore of the Buor-Khaya Gulf of the Laptev Sea, southeast of the delta of the Lena River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 5,063. [3]

Contents

History

In August 1901, Russian Arctic ship Zarya headed across the Laptev Sea, searching for the legendary Sannikov Land but was soon blocked by floating drift ice in the New Siberian Islands. During 1902, the attempts to reach Sannikov Land continued while Zarya was trapped in fast ice. Leaving the ship, Russian Arctic explorer Baron Eduard Toll and three companions vanished forever in November 1902 while traveling away from Bennett Island towards the south on loose ice floes. Zarya was finally moored close to Brusneva Island in the Tiksi Bay, never to leave the place again. The remaining members of the expedition returned to St. Petersburg, while Captain Fyodor Matisen went to Yakutsk.

Modern Tiksi was founded in 1933;[ citation needed ] urban-type settlement status was granted to it in 1939. [2] During the Cold War, Tiksi saw military construction projects at Tiksi North and Tiksi West airfields. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Tiksi's population has declined markedly and many of its apartment blocks have been abandoned. Despite its rapid population decline, it remains the world's most northerly settlement with a population of over 5,000.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Tiksi [1] serves as the administrative center of Bulunsky District. [2] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Bulunsky District as the Settlement of Tiksi. [2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Tiksi is incorporated within Bulunsky Municipal District as Tiksi Urban Settlement. [5]

Economy

Transportation

Tiksi serves as one of the principal ports for accessing the Laptev Sea. It is served by the Tiksi Airport, which was shut down by the Defense Ministry on October 1, 2012 except for helicopters. [12] Tiksi was connected only by helicopter flights and winter roads. The closure was harshly criticized by Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. Following an agreement between the Defense Ministry and the Government of the Sakha Republic in April 2013, the airfield re-opened to passenger traffic in June 2013. In December 2013, President Vladimir Putin announced that the Tiksi airport would be "rehabilitated" along with others beyond the Arctic Circle. [13]

The Lena River is navigable in the summer months. There is infrequent passenger navigation from Yakutsk.

Climate

Tiksi has a tundra climate (Köppen ET). Winters are similar to those of the inland subarctic regions, and have frequent and occasionally heavy snowfalls. Temperature normals and extremes are slightly less severe than in the southerly interior, but the winter length is longer courtesy of the higher latitude. The very short summers are generally cooler than inland regions (although in 1991 a temperature as high as +34 °C (93 °F) was reported) and see rainfall on most days. The polar night lasts from November 19 to January 24, and the period with continuous daylight, the midnight sun, lasts a bit longer, from May 11 to August 3.

Climate data for Tiksi
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)−7.6
(18.3)
−5.2
(22.6)
1.6
(34.9)
9.6
(49.3)
23.6
(74.5)
32.8
(91.0)
34.3
(93.7)
29.8
(85.6)
23.0
(73.4)
6.1
(43.0)
−1.2
(29.8)
−4.9
(23.2)
34.3
(93.7)
Average high °C (°F)−26.7
(−16.1)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−22.1
(−7.8)
−13.5
(7.7)
−2.6
(27.3)
7.2
(45.0)
12.1
(53.8)
11.1
(52.0)
4.2
(39.6)
−7.9
(17.8)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−25.1
(−13.2)
−9.1
(15.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)−30.2
(−22.4)
−29.6
(−21.3)
−26.3
(−15.3)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−6.1
(21.0)
3.2
(37.8)
7.6
(45.7)
7.7
(45.9)
1.6
(34.9)
−10.8
(12.6)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−28.4
(−19.1)
−12.8
(9.0)
Average low °C (°F)−33.8
(−28.8)
−33.3
(−27.9)
−30.8
(−23.4)
−23.6
(−10.5)
−9.7
(14.5)
0.1
(32.2)
3.9
(39.0)
4.5
(40.1)
−1.2
(29.8)
−14.3
(6.3)
−27.1
(−16.8)
−31.9
(−25.4)
−16.4
(2.5)
Record low °C (°F)−48
(−54)
−50.5
(−58.9)
−47.2
(−53.0)
−46.9
(−52.4)
−32.2
(−26.0)
−15.8
(3.6)
−4
(25)
−4
(25)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−35
(−31)
−43.9
(−47.0)
−48.8
(−55.8)
−50.5
(−58.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches)32
(1.3)
22
(0.9)
16
(0.6)
10
(0.4)
13
(0.5)
27
(1.1)
45
(1.8)
50
(2.0)
27
(1.1)
16
(0.6)
21
(0.8)
42
(1.7)
321
(12.6)
Average rainy days0.00.00.00.0112202090.10.00.062.1
Average snowy days232121192050.20.310252323190.5
Average relative humidity (%)82828383858283838283828183
Mean monthly sunshine hours 0.040.0176.9276.5199.0238.2246.4132.686.852.94.00.01,453.3
Source 1: погода и климат [14]
Source 2: (sunshine only) [15]
Coastal temperature data for Tiksi
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average sea temperature °C (°F)-1.8
(28.76)
-1.8
(28.76)
-1.8
(28.76)
-1.8
(28.76)
-1.5
(29.3)
.4
(32.72)
3.9
(39.02)
7.6
(45.68)
4.8
(40.64)
0.7
(30.74)
-1.7
(28.94)
-1.8
(28.76)
0.317
(32.57)
Source: [16]

Related Research Articles

Mirny, Sakha Republic Town under republic jurisdiction in Sakha Republic, Russia

Mirny is a town and the administrative center of Mirninsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Irelyakh River, 820 kilometers (510 mi) west of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 37,188.

Khandyga Urban-type settlement in Sakha Republic, Russia

Khandyga is an urban locality and the administrative center of Tomponsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, 380 kilometers (240 mi) northeast of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 6,638.

Chersky (urban-type settlement) Urban-type settlement in Sakha Republic, Russia

Chersky is an urban locality and the administrative center of Nizhnekolymsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Kolyma River, 1,920 kilometers (1,190 mi) east from Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 2,857.

Chulman Urban-type settlement in Sakha Republic, Russia

Chulman is an urban locality in Neryungrinsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 41 kilometers (25 mi) from Neryungri, the administrative center of the district, on the Chulman River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 9,766.

Ust-Yansky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Ust-Yansky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the north of the republic in the Yana River delta on the coast of the Laptev Sea and borders with Allaikhovsky and Abyysky Districts in the east, Momsky District in the south, Verkhoyansky District in the southwest, and with Bulunsky District in the west. The area of the district is 120,300 square kilometers (46,400 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Deputatsky. Population: 8,056 (2010 Census); 10,009 ; 41,265 (1989 Census). The population of Deputatsky accounts for 37.0% of the district's total population.

Churapchinsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Churapchinsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the center of the republic and borders Tattinsky District in the north, Ust-Maysky District in the east and southeast, Amginsky District in the south, Megino-Kangalassky District in the west, and Ust-Aldansky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 12,600 square kilometers (4,900 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Churapcha. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 20,387, with the population of Churapcha accounting for 43.0% of that number.

Aldansky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Aldansky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia.

Anabarsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Anabarsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the northwest of the republic and borders with Bulunsky District in the east, Olenyoksky District in the south, and with Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai in the west. The area of the district is 55,600 square kilometers (21,500 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Saskylakh. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 3,501, with the population of Saskylakh accounting for 66.2% of that number.

Bulunsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Bulunsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the north of the republic and borders Ust-Yansky District in the east, Verkhoyansky District in the southeast, Eveno-Bytantaysky and Zhigansky Districts in the south, Olenyoksky District in the west, and Anabarsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 223,600 square kilometers (86,300 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban-type settlement of Tiksi. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 9,054, with the population of Tiksi accounting for 55.9% of that number.

Mirninsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Mirninsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the west of the republic and borders Olenyoksky District in the north and northeast, Nyurbinsky and Suntarsky Districts in the east, Lensky District in the south, and Irkutsk Oblast and Krasnoyarsk Krai in the west. The area of the district is 165,800 square kilometers (64,000 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Mirny. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 38,802.

Namsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Namsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. The district is located in the center of the republic and borders Ust-Aldansky District in the east, Megino-Kangalassky District in the southeast, the territory of the city of republic significance of Yakutsk in the south, Gorny District in the west, and Kobyaysky District in the north. The area of the district is 11,900 square kilometers (4,600 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Namtsy. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 23,198, with the population of Namtsy accounting for 38.3% of that number.

Olenyoksky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the west of the republic and borders with Anabarsky District in the north, Bulunsky and Zhigansky Districts in the east, Vilyuysky, Verkhnevilyuysky, and Nyurbinsky Districts in the southeast, Mirninsky District in the south and southwest, and with Krasnoyarsk Krai in the west and northwest. The area of the district is 318,000 square kilometers (123,000 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Olenyok. Population: 4,127 (2010 Census); 4,091 ; 3,993 (1989 Census). The population of Olenyok accounts for 55.1% of the district's total population.

Olyokminsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Olyokminsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the republic and borders with Verkhnevilyuysky District in the north, Gorny and Khangalassky Districts in the northeast, Aldansky District in the east, Neryungrinsky District in the southeast, Zabaykalsky Krai in the southwest, Irkutsk Oblast and Lensky District in the west, and with Suntarsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 160,800 square kilometers (62,100 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Olyokminsk. Population: 26,785 (2010 Census); 27,563 ; 30,938 (1989 Census). The population of Olyokminsk accounts for 35.4% of the district's total population.

Ust-Maysky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Ust-Maysky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the east of the republic and borders with Oymyakonsky District in the northeast, Khabarovsk Krai in the east and south, Aldansky District in the southwest, Amginsky District in the west, Churapchinsky and Tattinsky Districts in the northwest, and with Tomponsky District in the north. The area of the district is 95,300 square kilometers (36,800 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Ust-Maya. Population: 8,629 (2010 Census); 11,568 ; 20,337 (1989 Census). The population of Ust-Maya accounts for 33.9% of the district's total population.

Neryungrinsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Neryungrinsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is the southernmost district of Sakha and borders Aldansky District in the north, Olyokminsky District in the west and northwest, Amur Oblast and a small area of Zabaykalsky Krai in the south, and Khabarovsk Krai in the east. The area of the district is 98,900 square kilometers (38,200 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Neryungri. Population : 21,019 (2010 Census).

Ust-Nera Urban-type settlement in Sakha Republic, Russia

Ust-Nera is an urban locality and the administrative center of Oymyakonsky District in Yakutia, Russia. Located in one of the coldest permanently inhabited regions on Earth, Ust-Nera is approximately 870 kilometers (540 mi) northeast of the republic's capital, Yakutsk. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 6,463.

Zyryanka Urban-type settlement in Sakha Republic, Russia

Zyryanka is an urban locality and the administrative center of Verkhnekolymsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, on the left bank of the Kolyma River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 3,170.

Deputatsky Urban-type settlement in Sakha Republic, Russia

Deputatsky is an urban locality and the administrative center of Ust-Yansky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located in the Selennyakh Range, about 930 kilometers (580 mi) north-northeast of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 2,983.

Namy Selo in Sakha Republic, Russia

Namy is a rural locality, the only inhabited locality, and the administrative center of Borogonsky Rural Okrug of Bulunsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 280 kilometers (170 mi) from Tiksi, the administrative center of the district. Its population as of the 2010 Census was 526, up from 488 recorded during the 2002 Census. Philologist Zoya Basharina is a native of the okrug.

Siktyakh Selo in Sakha Republic, Russia

Siktyakh is a rural locality, the only inhabited locality, and the administrative center of Siktyakhsky Rural Okrug of Bulunsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 230 kilometers (140 mi) from Tiksi, the administrative center of the district. Its population as of the 2010 Census was 287, up from 254 recorded during the 2002 Census.

References

Notes

  1. 1 2 According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Tiksi is the administrative center of the Settlement of Tiksi.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. 1 2 3 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Law #173-Z #353-III
  6. Law #172-Z #351-III
  7. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia](XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  12. Якутский аэропорт Тикси закрыт для приёма и отправки рейсов до декабря, причины не названы. Газета.ru (in Russian). Moscow. October 3, 2012. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
  13. "Putin orders Arctic military boost". December 11, 2013. Retrieved August 2, 2018 via www.bbc.co.uk.
  14. Погода в Тикси
  15. "Tiksi, Russia Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  16. http://russia.pogoda360.ru/459329/water/

Sources

Further reading