Til Ezer

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Til Ezer

Til Êzêr

القحطانية
Village
TilEzer1.jpeg
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Til Ezer
Location in Iraq
Coordinates: 36°12′7″N41°41′13″E / 36.20194°N 41.68694°E / 36.20194; 41.68694 Coordinates: 36°12′7″N41°41′13″E / 36.20194°N 41.68694°E / 36.20194; 41.68694
CountryFlag of Iraq.svg  Iraq
Governorate Ninawa
District Sinjar District
Population
 (July 2014 [1] )
  Total28,000

Til Ezer (Kurmanji: Til Êzêr, Arabic : القحطانية, also known in Arabic as al-Qaḥṭānīya or Qahtaniyah, also spelled Giruzer, Kar Izir, Kahtaniya) is a Yazidi village located in the Sinjar District of the Ninawa Governorate in northern Iraq. The village is located south of the Sinjar Mount. It belongs to the disputed territories of Northern Iraq. It was one of two villages targeted in the 2007 Yazidi communities bombings against the local Yazidi community. [2] [3] [4] [5]

Kurmanji also known as Ezdiki (Yazidi language)

Kurmanji, also classified as Northern Kurdish, is the northern dialect of the Kurdish language, spoken in southeast Turkey, northwest and northeast Iran, northern Iraq, northern Syria and the Caucasus region. It is the most spoken Kurdish dialect and mother tongue to other ethnic minorities in the region as well, including Chechens, Circassians, and Bulgarians.

Yazidis Ethno-religious group

The Yazidis or the Yazidi people are a mostly Kurmanji speaking minority ethno-religious group, or an ethnic Kurdish minority indigenous to Iraq, Syria and Turkey who are strictly endogamous. A sizeable part of the autochthonous Yazidi population of Turkey fled the country for present-day Armenia and Georgia starting from the late 19th century. There are additional communities in Russia and Germany due to recent migration.

Sinjar District District in Nineveh, Iraq

The Sinjar District is a district of the Nineveh Governorate. The district seat is the town of Shingal. The district has two subdistricts, al-Shemal and al-Qayrawan. The district is one of two major population centers for Yazidis, the other being Shekhan District.

Til Ezer has exclusively Yazidi population. [1]

See also

Siba Sheikh Khidir Village in Ninawa, Iraq

Siba Sheikh Khidir is a Yazidi village located in the Sinjar District of the Ninawa Governorate in northern Iraq. The village is located south of the Sinjar Mount. It belongs to the disputed territories of Northern Iraq. It was one of two villages targeted in the 2007 Yazidi communities bombings against the local Yazidi community.

Genocide of Yazidis by ISIL

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant is recognized by the United Nations as the perpetrator of a genocide of Yazidis in Iraq. The genocide led to the expulsion, flight and effective exile of the Yazidis from their ancestral lands in Northern Iraq whose women and girls were forced into sexual slavery by the Islamic State and whose men were killed by the thousands. The genocide led to the abduction of Yazidi women and massacres that killed five thousand Yazidi civilians during what has been called a "forced conversion campaign" being carried out in Northern Iraq by ISIL, starting in 2014. The genocide could only happen because the Kurdish Peshmerga had fled from the ISIS and left the Yazidis defenseless.

Sinjar massacre

The Sinjar massacre was the genocidal killing and abduction of thousands of Yazidi men in Sinjar city and Sinjar District in Iraq's Nineveh Governorate by the Islamic terror group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) in August 2014. This event started with ISIL attacking and capturing Sinjar and neighboring towns on 3 August, during ISIL's offensive in early August 2014.

Related Research Articles

Lalish Sacred place in Ninawa, Iraq

Lalish is a small mountain valley village situated in the Shekhan District of Dihok Governorate in Northern Iraq. It contains the holiest temple in the Yazidi faith. It is the location of the tomb of Sheikh Adi ibn Musafir, who is a central figure of the Yazidi faith.

2007 Yazidi communities bombings

The 2007 Yazidi communities bombings occurred on August 14, 2007, when four coordinated suicide bomb attacks detonated in the Yazidi towns of Til Ezer (al-Qahtaniyah) and Siba Sheikh Khidir (al-Jazirah), near Mosul in Iraq.

Sinjar Mountains single ridge of mountains located in Nineveh Governorate in northwestern Iraq

The Sinjar Mountains are a 100-kilometre-long (62 mi) mountain range that runs east to west, rising above the surrounding alluvial steppe plains in northwestern Iraq to an elevation of 1,463 meters (4,800 ft). The highest segment of these mountains, about 75 km (47 mi) long, lies in the Nineveh Governorate. The western and lower segment of these mountains lies in Syria and is about 25 km (16 mi) long. The city of Sinjar is just south of the range. These mountains are regarded as sacred by the Yazidis.

Sinjar Resistance Units non-political Yazidi militia formed in Iraq in 2007

The Şengal Resistance Units, formerly called King Peacock, is a Yazidi militia formed in Iraq in 2007 to protect the Yazidi community in Iraq in the wake of attacks by Iraqi insurgents. It is the second largest Yazidi militia, after the Protection Force of Sinjar (HPŞ). However, it is much more active than the HPŞ in fighting against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).

November 2015 Sinjar offensive

The November Sinjar offensive was a combination of operations of Kurdish Peshmerga, PKK, and People's Protection Units forces in November 2015, to recapture the city of Sinjar from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. It resulted in a decisive victory for the Kurdish forces, who expelled the ISIL militants from Sinjar and regained control of Highway 47, which until then had served as the major supply route between the ISIL strongholds of Raqqa and Mosul.

Êzîdxan Womens Units organization

The Êzidxan Women's Units is a Yazidi all-women militia formed in Iraq in 2015 to protect the Yazidi community in the wake of attacks by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and other Islamist groups that view Yazidis as pagan infidels.

Kocho (Iraq) Village in Ninawa Governorate, Iraq

Kocho is a Yazidi village in the Sinjar District, southern of the Sinjar Mountains in the Nineveh Governorate in the disputed territories of northern Iraq. The village gained international fame in 2014 through the genocide of the Islamic State on the Yazidis.

Khana Sor Town in Ninawa, Iraq

Khana Sor is a Yazidi town located in the Sinjar District of the Ninawa Governorate in northern Iraq. The town is located north of the Sinjar Mount. It belongs to the disputed territories of Northern Iraq.

Borek (Iraq) Village in Ninawa, Iraq

Borek is a Yazidi village located in the Sinjar District of the Ninawa Governorate in northern Iraq. The village is located north of the Sinjar Mount. It belongs to the disputed territories of Northern Iraq.

Gohbal Village in Ninawa, Iraq

Gohbal is a Yazidi village located in the Sinjar District of the Ninawa Governorate in northern Iraq. The village is located north of the Sinjar Mount. It belongs to the disputed territories of Northern Iraq.

Zorava Village in Ninawa, Iraq

Zorava is a Yazidi village located in the Sinjar District of the Ninawa Governorate in northern Iraq. The village is located north of the Sinjar Mount. It belongs to the disputed territories of Northern Iraq.

Dohula Village in Ninawa, Iraq

Dohula is a Yazidi village located in the Sinjar District of the Ninawa Governorate in northern Iraq. The village is located north of the Sinjar Mount. It belongs to the disputed territories of Northern Iraq.

Dugure Village in Ninawa, Iraq

Dugure is a Yazidi village located in the Sinjar District of the Ninawa Governorate in northern Iraq. The village is located north of the Sinjar Mount. It belongs to the disputed territories of Northern Iraq.

Tal Qasab Village in Ninawa, Iraq

Tal Qasab is a Yazidi village located in the Sinjar District of the Ninawa Governorate in northern Iraq. The village is located south of the Sinjar Mount. It belongs to the disputed territories of Northern Iraq.

Tal Banat Village in Ninawa, Iraq

Tal Banat is a Yazidi village located in the Sinjar District of the Ninawa Governorate in northern Iraq. The village is located south of the Sinjar Mount. It belongs to the disputed territories of Northern Iraq.

Gir Zerk Village in Ninawa, Iraq

Gir Zerk is a Yazidi village located in the Sinjar District of the Ninawa Governorate in northern Iraq. The village is located south of the Sinjar Mount. It belongs to the disputed territories of Northern Iraq.

References

  1. 1 2 "Emerging Land Tenure Issues among Displaced Yazidis from Sinjar, Iraq" (PDF). United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN–Habitat). November 2015. Retrieved 2019-02-19.
  2. Maisel, Sebastian (2016-12-24). Yezidis in Syria: Identity Building among a Double Minority. Lexington Books. ISBN   9780739177754.
  3. Staff, Our Foreign (2007-08-16). "Iraq bombs: 500 die in worst terror attack". ISSN   0307-1235 . Retrieved 2018-01-22.
  4. Acikyildiz, Birgul (2014-08-20). The Yezidis: The History of a Community, Culture and Religion. I.B.Tauris. ISBN   9781784532161.
  5. Wander, Andrew. "How suicide bombings shattered Iraq". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2018-01-22.