Tilanjali (novel)

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Tilanjali is a 1944 Bengali language novel authored by Subodh Ghosh. [1] [2] The novel was published serially in Desh. [3]

Bengali language Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Bengali people of South Asia

Bengali, also known by its endonym Bangla, is an Indo-Aryan language primarily spoken by the Bengalis in South Asia. It is the official and most widely spoken language of Bangladesh and second most widely spoken of the 22 scheduled languages of India, behind Hindi.

Subodh Ghosh Bengali writer, journalist

Subodh Ghosh (1909–1980) was a noted Bengali author and journalist with Kolkata-based daily newspaper Ananda Bazar Patrika. His best known work, Bharat Premkatha, is about the romances of epic Indian characters and has remained very popular in the Bengali literary world. Many of his stories have been adapted for classic Indian films, most notably Ritwik Ghatak's Ajantrik (1958) and Bimal Roy's Sujata (1959), and even today filmmakers search his works for suitable plots.

The novel is a love story set in the backdrop of the 1943 Bengal famine. In Tilanjali, the author contrasts the ideological postures of the Indian National Congress and the Communist Party of India (criticizing the position of the communists). [1] [4]

Bengal famine of 1943 World War II famine following the Japanese occupation of Burma

The Bengal famine of 1943 was a major famine of the Bengal province in British India during World War II. An estimated 2.1–3 million, out of a population of 60.3 million, died of starvation, or of malaria and other diseases aggravated by malnutrition, population displacement, unsanitary conditions and lack of health care. Millions were impoverished as the crisis overwhelmed large segments of the economy and social fabric. Historians have frequently characterised the famine as "man-made", asserting that wartime colonial policies created and then exacerbated the crisis. A minority view holds that the famine arose from natural causes.

Indian National Congress Major political party in India

The Indian National Congress(pronunciation ) is a broadly based political party in India. Founded in 1885, it was the first modern nationalist movement to emerge in the British Empire in Asia and Africa. From the late 19th century, and especially after 1920, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, Congress became the principal leader of the Indian independence movement. Congress led India to independence from Great Britain, and powerfully influenced other anti-colonial nationalist movements in the British Empire.

Communist Party of India Indian political party, established 1925

The Communist Party of India (CPI) is the oldest communist party in India. There are different views on exactly when it was founded. The date maintained as the foundation day by the CPI is 26 December 1925. The Communist Party of India (Marxist), which separated from the CPI in 1964 following an ideological rift between China and the Soviet Union, continues to claim having been founded in 1925.

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  1. 1 2 Das, Sisir Kumar. A History of Indian Literature. 2. . New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, 1995. p. 757
  2. Sanyal, Ashis. Contribution of Bengali Writers to National Freedom Movement . Calcutta: Model Publ. House, 1989. p. 161
  3. Chattopadhyay, Suchorita, and Debalina Sen. Tapestry: An Anthology of 20th Century Indian Short Stories . Kolkata: DSA Publication, Dept. of Comparative Literature, Jadavpur University, 2004. p. 145
  4. Ghosh, G. K. Language, Literature and National Integration . New Delhi: Ashish Pub. House, 1995. p. 108