Tillie Taylor

Last updated
Tillie Taylor
Tillie Goldenberg

(1922-11-11)November 11, 1922
DiedOctober 23, 2011(2011-10-23) (aged 88)
Known for Saskatchewan's first female magistrate

Tille Taylor (November 11, 1922 – October 23, 2011) was a Canadian judge who was known for being Saskatchewan's first female magistrate. She also was an advocate for social justice in areas such as poverty, women's rights and prison reform, and in 1972 she was named the first chair of the Saskatchewan Human Rights Commission. [1] [2]

Canadians citizens of Canada

Canadians are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, many of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian.

Saskatchewan Province of Canada

Saskatchewan is a prairie and boreal province in western Canada, the only province without a natural border. It has an area of 651,900 square kilometres (251,700 sq mi), nearly 10 percent of which is fresh water, composed mostly of rivers, reservoirs, and the province's 100,000 lakes.

Life and career

She was born Tillie Goldenberg, to J. M. and Sarah Goldenberg in 1922. J. M. was a Saskatoon lawyer. She received her Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Saskatchewan in 1941. Later, after having married and after her two children were born, she returned to studies and obtained her LLB in 1956. She was the only woman in her class. [2]

Saskatoon City in Saskatchewan, Canada

Saskatoon is the largest city in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. It straddles a bend in the South Saskatchewan River in the central region of the province. It is located along the Trans-Canada Yellowhead Highway, and has served as the cultural and economic hub of central Saskatchewan since its founding in 1882 as a Temperance colony.

University of Saskatchewan university

The University of Saskatchewan is a Canadian public research university, founded on March 19, 1907, and located on the east side of the South Saskatchewan River in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. An "Act to establish and incorporate a University for the Province of Saskatchewan" was passed by the provincial legislature in 1907. It established the provincial university on March 19, 1907 "for the purpose of providing facilities for higher education in all its branches and enabling all persons without regard to race, creed or religion to take the fullest advantage". The University of Saskatchewan is the largest education institution in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. The University of Saskatchewan is one of Canada’s top research universities and is a member of the U15 Group of Canadian Research Universities.

Bachelor of Laws is an undergraduate law degree in England and most common law jurisdictions—except the United States and Canada— which allows a person to become a lawyer. It historically served this purpose in the U.S. as well, but was phased out in the mid-1960s in favour of the Juris Doctor degree, and Canada followed suit. Bachelor of Laws is also the name of the law degree awarded by universities in Scotland and South Africa.

She met her husband George Taylor while both were volunteering in the Youth Congress movement in the 1930s; her parents initially disapproved because George and his family were communists. They married in 1941. George completed his law degree while Tillie supported him working as a secretary. He went on to become a well-respected labour lawyer, and for part of his career worked in Tillie's father's firm. George and Tillie continued to be involved in politics, supporting the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (later, the New Democratic Party). [2]

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation former political party in Canada

The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) was a social-democratic and democratic socialist political party in Canada. The CCF was founded in 1932 in Calgary, Alberta, by a number of socialist, agrarian, co-operative, and labour groups, and the League for Social Reconstruction. In 1944, the CCF formed the first social-democratic government in North America when it was elected to form the provincial government in Saskatchewan. In 1961, the CCF was succeeded by the New Democratic Party (NDP). The full, but little used, name of the party was Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (Farmer-Labour-Socialist).

After law school, she worked in the Saskatoon Land Titles Office, as deputy registrar. In 1959, she became the first woman to be appointed as a provincial magistrate in Saskatchewan. [3] She might also have been the first Jew to be named magistrate, but that is less clear. Presiding over misdemeanours, she became more aware of the association between crime and poverty, and began to push for reforms, through such organizations as the John Howard Society, the Medical Care Insurance Commission of Saskatchewan, and the Provincial Commission of Inquiry into Legal Aid. Collaborating with Roger Carter, the law school dean at the University of Saskatchewan, she helped to build opportunities for Aboriginal people to enter the field of law. [2]

The John Howard Society is a Canadian non-profit organization that seeks to develop understanding and effective responses to the problem of crime and prison reform. It is named after John Howard, a philanthropist and early English prison reformer. This society works with adults, children, and youths to help rebuild their lives.

Roger Colenso Carter was a practising lawyer, law professor and Dean of the University of Saskatchewan College of Law. He is particularly notable for his contribution to enhanced access to legal education by aboriginal students.

When the Saskatchewan Human Rights Commission was created in 1972, she was named its first chair. There was criticism that she had named abortion as a human right, but neither she nor the commission as a whole gave in to the pressure to remove it. In 1976 she was elected as a director on the Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women. From 1977 to 1987, she served on the board of governors of the Canadian Council on Social Development. [2]

Taylor suffered a severe stroke in 1995, but recovered much of her lost speech and mobility, despite a poor prognosis initially. She died at the age of 88, on October 23, 2011. [2]

Related Research Articles

Emily Murphy Canadian judge

Emily Murphy was a Canadian women's rights activist, jurist, and author. In 1916, she became the first female magistrate in Canada, and in the British Empire. She is best known for her contributions to Canadian feminism, specifically to the question of whether women were "persons" under Canadian law.

Rosalie Abella Canadian Judge

Rosalie Silberman Abella is a Canadian jurist. She was appointed in 2004 to the Supreme Court of Canada, becoming the first Jewish woman to sit on the Canadian Supreme Court bench.

Raynell Andreychuk Canadian politician

Anita Raynell Andreychuk is a retired Senator, lawyer, and former judge and diplomat.

Morris C. Shumiatcher Canadian lawyer

Morris Cyril "Shumi" Shumiatcher, was a Canadian lawyer, human rights activist, philanthropist, arts patron, art collector, author, and lecturer. As senior legal counsel in the provincial government of Tommy Douglas, he drafted the 1947 Saskatchewan Bill of Rights, the first such bill in the British Commonwealth. He established a successful private law practice in Regina in 1949 and argued numerous cases of constitutional law before the Supreme Court of Canada. He and his wife Jacqui distributed millions of dollars to support the arts, universities, and other charities in Regina, and also amassed "one of the most significant private collections of Inuit art in Canada". He was the recipient of many awards and honours, including the Order of Canada in 1981 and the Saskatchewan Order of Merit in 1997.

The Court of Queen's Bench for Saskatchewan is the superior trial court for the Canadian province of Saskatchewan.

The Provincial Court of Saskatchewan is a provincial court of record for the province of Saskatchewan. It hears matters relating to criminal law, youth law, civil law, family law, traffic law and municipal bylaws.

Mary Ellen Turpel-Lafond Canadian lawyer

Mary Ellen Turpel-Lafond is a Canadian lawyer, judge, and legislative advocate for children's rights. She was appointed in 2006 as British Columbia's first Representative for Children and Youth, an independent position reporting to the Legislative Assembly. She was re-appointed to a second 5-year term in 2011. Turpel-Lafond was earlier the first Treaty Indian to be appointed to the judicial bench of the Provincial Court of Saskatchewan. She was given leave to take the legislative position.

Peggy Wilton McKercher C.M., SOM, is a Canadian conservationist and university administrator.

David Forbes is a Canadian provincial politician. He is the Saskatchewan New Democratic Party member of the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan for the constituency of Saskatoon Centre. Forbes serves as the Opposition critic for Labour, Housing, Saskatchewan Housing Corporation, Saskatchewan Worker's Compensation Board, and Diversity, Equality and Human Rights.

Margaret Campbell was a politician in Ontario, Canada. She was a Liberal member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario who represented the downtown Toronto riding of St. George. Prior to her provincial role she served as a municipal councillor in Toronto from 1958 to 1962 and then as a member of the Board of Control from 1964 to 1969. She ran for mayor of Toronto in 1969 but came in second to William Dennison.

Pamela Palmater is a Mi'kmaq lawyer, professor, activist and politician from Mi'kma'ki, New Brunswick, Canada. A frequent media political commentator, she appears for Aboriginal Peoples Television Network's InFocus, CTV, and CBC. She is an associate professor and the academic director of the Centre for Indigenous Governance at Ryerson University.

Robert Wayne "Bob" Mitchell was a lawyer and former political figure in Saskatchewan, Canada. He represented Saskatoon Fairview from 1986 to 1999 in the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan as a New Democratic Party (NDP) member.

Marilou McPhedran is a Canadian lawyer and human rights advocate. She was the Principal (dean) of the University of Winnipeg Global College in Manitoba, Canada between 2008 and 2012. In 1985, McPhedran became the youngest lawyer to be named a Member of the Order of Canada in recognition of her co-leadership of the Ad Hoc Committee of Canadian Women on the Constitution. The Ad Hoc Committee was a grass roots movement for strengthening equality rights during the drafting of the Constitution of Canada. In 2001, McPhedran was named one of Canada's 10 most influential women's rights activists by Homemaker's Magazine. In October 2016, McPhedran was named to the Senate of Canada by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to sit as an independent.

Women in law

Women in law describes the role played by women in the legal profession and related occupations, which includes lawyers, paralegals, prosecutors, judges, legal scholars, law professors and law school deans.

Women in law in Canada

Women in law in Canada describes the role played by women in the legal profession and related occupations in Canada, which includes lawyers, prosecutors, judges, legal scholars, law professors and law school deans. In Canada, while 37.1% of lawyers are women, "50% ...said they felt their [law] firms were doing "poorly" or "very poorly" in their provision of flexible work arrangements." As well, " ... racialized women accounted for 16% of all lawyers under 30" in 2006 in Ontario and Aboriginal lawyers accounted for 1%.

Nicole Sarauer is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan in the 2016 provincial election. She represents the electoral district of Regina Douglas Park as a member of the Saskatchewan New Democratic Party. On June 20, 2017, she was selected to succeed Trent Wotherspoon as Leader of the Opposition and interim leader of the Saskatchewan New Democratic Party.

Renée Dupuis is a Canadian lawyer and an independent member of the Senate of Canada. Dupuis specialized in Canadian administrative law, Human rights law, and Canadian Indigenous law. She was chosen for appointment to the Senate on November 2, 2016, by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.

Robert H. McKercher,, is a Canadian lawyer from Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. He served as the national president of the Canadian Bar Association from 1983 to 1984, as well as president of the Law Society of Saskatchewan.

Mary Yvonne Carter (1923–2010) was a Saskatchewan judge. She is notable as the second female magistrate appointed in Saskatchewan history and one of the earliest female law graduates in that province. She was later elevated to the Court of Queen's Bench for Saskatchewan, where she sat for many years.

Gwendolyn Lucy O'SoupCrane (1930–2005) was born on August 12, 1930 in The Key First Nation, Saskatchewan and died on August 10, 2005 in Regina, Saskatchewan. She was Canada's first female First Nations Chief, and first elected.


  1. (October 24, 2011). "Saskatchewan judge who championed women’s rights dead at 88", The Canadian Press. Reprinted in The Globe and Mail . Retrieved November 3, 2011.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Ewing-Weisz, Chris (November 3, 2011). "Trailblazing Saskatchewan judge fought against poverty and social injustice", The Globe and Mail , p. S7.
  3. Pernelle Jakobsen, Bench-Breakers? Women Judges in Prairie Canada 1916-1980 , p. 172. Doctoral dissertation in History, University of Calgary, 2014. Retrieved 2016-11-30.