Tilokaraj

Last updated
Tilokaraj
Tilokaraj.png
King of Lan Na
Reign1441-1487
Predecessor Samfangkaen
Successor Yotchiangrai
Born1409
Died27 May 1487(1487-05-27) (aged 77–78)
House Mangrai
Religion Theravada Buddhism

Tilokaraj (Thai : พระเจ้าติโลกราช, Tilokarāja), also spelt Tilokarat and Tilokkarat, was the 9th monarch of the Mangrai Dynasty.

Contents

Early life

According to the Chiang Mai Chronicle, he was the sixth child of King Sam Phraya (also known as Samfangkaen). [1] The 'lok' part of his name means sixth.

King of Lan Na

Map of Lan Na under King Tilokkarat Location Lanna (under King Tilok).png
Map of Lan Na under King Tilokkarat

He became king in 1443 by deposing his father, and within a year had imposed control over Nan and Phrae. He also attacked Chiang Rung, and the Shan region several times but could not impose control. He faced several revolts. He had his favorite son, Bunruang, executed on suspicion of disloyalty. While clearly a warlike ruler, he was also a vigorous patron of Sri Lankan-style Buddhism, building several monasteries including Wat Chet Yot and Wat Pa Daeng, and enlarging Wat Chedi Luang to house the Emerald Buddha. [2]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lan Na</span> Indianized state centered in present-day Northern Thailand from the 13th to 18th centuries

The Lan Na Kingdom, also known as Lannathai, and most commonly called Lanna or Lanna Kingdom, was an Indianized state centered in present-day Northern Thailand from the 13th to 18th centuries.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lan Xang</span> Kingdom in Southeast Asia from 1353 to 1707

The Lao Kingdom of Lan Xang Hom Khao existed as a unified kingdom from 1353 to 1707.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Setthathirath</span> King of Lan Na and Lan Xang

Setthathirath or Xaysettha is considered one of the great leaders in Lao history. Throughout the 1560s until his death, he successfully defended his kingdom of Lan Xang against military campaigns of Burmese conqueror Bayinnaung, who had already subdued Xieng Mai in 1558 and Ayutthaya in 1564. Setthathirath was a prolific builder and erected many Buddhist monuments including Wat Xieng Thong in Luang Prabang, Haw Phra Kaew, Wat Ong Teu Mahawihan and the Pha That Luang in Vientiane.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Haripuñjaya</span> Mon kingdom

Haripuñjaya was a Mon kingdom in what is now Northern Thailand, existing from the 7th or 8th to 13th century CE. Its capital was at Lamphun, which at the time was also called Haripuñjaya. In 1292 the city was besieged and captured by Mangrai of the Tai kingdom of Lan Na.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Borommatrailokkanat</span> King of Ayutthaya

Borommatrailokkanat or Trailok (1431–1488) was the king of the Ayutthaya Kingdom from 1448 to 1488. He was one of many monarchs who gained the epithet King of White Elephants. He was the first Thai king to possess a "noble" or white elephant, which, according to Hindu belief, was a "glorious and happy sign". His reign was also known for a massive reforms of Thai bureaucracy and a successful campaign against Lan Na. He was also revered as one of the greatest monarchs of Thailand.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wat Phra That Doi Chom Thong</span>

Wat Phra That Doi Chom Thong is located in Nakhon Chiang Rai, Amphoe Mueang, Chiang Rai Province, Thailand.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fang district</span> District in Chiang Mai, Thailand

Fang is a district (amphoe) in the northern part of Chiang Mai province, northern Thailand.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Phrao district</span> District in Chiang Mai, Thailand

Phrao is a district (amphoe) in the north-eastern part of Chiang Mai province in northern Thailand. Its major town, Phrao, lies 107 km north-northeast of Chiang Mai. The meaning of Phrao in English is 'coconut'.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thipchang</span> Ruler of Lampang

Thip Chang or ceremonial name Phraya Thipphachak (พระยาทิพย์จักร) was sovereign of Lampang during a period of sovereignty not subject to Burman, Ayuthian or Lannanese rule. He is regarded as the progenitor of the Dibayachakkradhiwongse dynasty, the forefathers of the bloodline of the Lords of Chet Ton. He was married to Lord Mother Pim Pam Mahathewi (แม่เจ้าปิมปามหาเทวี) of Ban Pa Nat Dam (บ้านป่าหนาดดำ), Ban Ueam (บ้านเอื้อม), and ruled from 1732 to 1759.

The Chet Ton dynasty, also spelled Jedton, or officially Thipphachakkrathiwong dynasty or Thipphachak dynasty in the Royal Society of Thailand's spelling style or Dibayachakkradhiwongse dynasty in Prajadhipok's spelling style is a dynasty that ruled three northern states of Siam, which consisted of Chiang Mai, the largest, Lampang and Lamphun.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wat Phumin</span>

The city of Nan's most famous wat is renowned for its cruciform ubosot which was constructed in 1596 and restored during the reign of Chao Ananta Vora Ritthi Det (1867-1875).

Kingdom of Rattanatingsa or Kingdom of Chiang Mai was the vassal state of the Siamese Rattanakosin Kingdom in the 18th and 19th century before being annexed according to the centralization policies of Chulalongkorn in 1899. The kingdom was a successor of the medieval Lanna kingdom, which had been under Burmese rule for two centuries until it was captured by Siamese forces under Taksin of Thonburi in 1774. It was ruled by the Thipchak Dynasty and came under Thonburi tributary.

The Burmese–Siamese wars also known as the Yodian wars, were a series of wars fought between Burma and Siam from the 16th to 19th centuries.

Nawrahta Minsaw was king of Lan Na from 1579 to 1607/08, and the first Burmese-born vassal king of Lan Na. He was also an accomplished poet.

<i>Yuan Phai</i> Historical epic Thai poem

Yuan Phai, "Defeat of the Yuan," is a historical epic poem in the Thai language about rivalry between Ayutthaya and Lanna culminating in a battle that took place in 1474/5 AD at the place then called Chiang Cheun at Si Satchanalai. The Yuan are the people of Lanna or Yonok, then an independent kingdom in the upper reaches of the Chao Phraya River basin with a capital at Chiang Mai. The poem was written to celebrate King Boromma Trailokanat of Ayutthaya, the victor. The poem was probably written soon after the battle. It counts among only a handful of works of Thai literature from the Early Ayutthaya era that have survived, and may be still in its original form, without later revisions. The main body of the poem consists of 1,180 lines in a variant of the khlong meter. The poem is considered important as a source of historical information, as an example of poetic form and style, and as a repository of early Ayutthayan Thai language. A definitive edition was published by the Royal Institute of Thailand in 2001.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Đại Việt–Lan Xang War (1479–1484)</span>

The Đại Việt–Lan Xang War of 1479–84, also known as the White Elephant War, was a military conflict precipitated by the invasion of the Lao kingdom of Lan Xang by the Vietnamese Đại Việt Empire. The Vietnamese invasion was a continuation of Emperor Lê Thánh Tông's expansion, by which Đại Việt had conquered the kingdom of Champa in 1471. The conflict grew into a wider conflagration involving the Ai-Lao people from Sip Song Chau Tai along with the Mekong river valley Tai peoples from the Yuan kingdom of Lan Na, Lü kingdom Sip Song Pan Na, to Muang along the upper Irawaddy river. The conflict ultimately lasted approximately five years growing to threatened the southern border of Yunnan and raising the concerns of Ming China. Early gunpowder weapons played a major role in the conflict, enabling Đại Việt's aggression. Early success in the war allowed Đại Việt to capture the Lao capital of Luang Prabang and destroy the Muang Phuan city of Xiang Khouang. The war ended as a strategic victory for Lan Xang, as they were able to force the Vietnamese to withdraw with the assistance of Lan Na and Ming China. Ultimately the war contributed to closer political and economic ties between Lan Na, Lan Xang, and Ming China. In particular, Lan Na's political and economic expansion led to a "golden age" for that kingdom.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Burmese–Siamese War (1802–1805)</span> Military conflict

Burmese-Siamese War (1802–1805) was the military conflict between the Kingdom of Burma under the Konbaung dynasty and Kingdom of Siam under the Chakri dynasty over the Lan Na city-states. It is composed of two parts: the Burmese Invasion of Chiang Mai in 1802 and the Siamese Invasion of Chiang Saen in 1804. The Burmese King Bodawpaya attempted to reclaim the lost dominions in Lan Na, east of Salween River. Lan Na, under leadership of Prince Kawila of Chiang Mai with Siamese support, successfully repelled the Burmese invasion. The Siamese under King Rama I then dispatched troops, in retaliation, to attack Burmese Chiang Saen in 1805. The town of Chiang Saen surrendered and came under Siamese rule. The wars resulted in the permanent eradication of Burmese influence from Lan Na.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nirat Hariphunchai</span>

Nirat Hariphunchai is an old poem of around 720 lines, originally composed in Northern Thai language. Nirat, derived from a Sanskrit word meaning “without”, is a genre of Thai poetry that involves travel and love-longing for a separated beloved. Hariphunchai was an ancient kingdom, centered at Lamphun, incorporated into the Lan Na kingdom by Mangrai in the late 13th century. The poem recounts a journey from Chiang Mai to Lamphun to venerate the Buddhist reliquary, Wat Phra That Hariphunchai, with visits to around twenty temples and shrines along the way. During the journey, the author laments his separation from his beloved Si Thip. The journey takes two or three days. The poem ends at a festival in the reliquary, attended by a queen and her son. The original may date to 1517/18 CE. The poem was little appreciated until recently owing to the difficulty of the old language.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Burmese–Siamese War (1797–1798)</span> Military conflict

The Burmese-Siamese War (1797–1798) was the military conflict between the Kingdom of Burma under the Konbaung dynasty and Kingdom of Siam under the Chakri dynasty over the Lan Na city-states.

References

Citations

  1. Wyatt & Wichienkeeo 1995 , pp. 74–76
  2. Ongsakul 2005 , pp. 77–81

Sources

Regnal titles
Preceded by King of Lanna
14411487
Succeeded by